- (Octavian) died A.D. 964, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 955-964.
* * *▪ popeoriginal name Ottaviano, English Octavianborn 937?, Romedied May 14, 964pope from 955 to 964.He was the only son of Duke Alberic II of Spoleto, then ruler of Rome, who ordered Octavian's election (Dec. 16, 955) as pope when he was only about 18 years of age.The young pope changed his name to John (becoming only the second pope in history to change his name), and he crowned the German king Otto I the Great and his wife Adelaide as Holy Roman emperor and empress on Feb. 2, 962. But he rebelled when Otto issued his controversial Privilegium Ottonianum (“Ottonian Privilege”), which ordered John to take an oath of obedience to the Emperor. On Nov. 6, 963, Otto called a council at St. Peter's, Rome, which on Dec. 4, 963, deposed John for instigating an armed conspiracy against Otto and for dishonourable conduct. The council replaced John with Pope Leo VIII. In February 964, after Otto left, Leo was deposed by a synod conducted by John. Soon afterward John died, allegedly in the arms of his mistress, ending a private life marked by gross immorality.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
John XII — Pope John XII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John XII Date of birth unknown; reigned 955 64. The younger Alberic, after the downfall of his mother, Marozia (932), was absolute ruler at Rome. Before his death he administered an… … Catholic encyclopedia
John XII — (d. 964) Pope. John was born Octavian, the son of Alberic II of Spoleto, the ruler of Rome. He became Pope at the age of eighteen and his dissolute behaviour caused considerable scandal. He asked Otto I for help against the Italian ruler… … Who’s Who in Christianity
John XII — (Octavian) died A.D. 964, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 955 964 … Useful english dictionary
John XII, Pope — • Date of birth unknown; reigned 955 64 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Patriarch John XII of Constantinople — John XII was the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1294 to 1303 … Wikipedia
Pope John XII — Infobox Pope English name=John XII birth name=Ottaviano term start=December 16, 955 term end=May 14, 964 predecessor=Agapetus II successor=Leo VIII birth date=c. 937 birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|964|5|14|mf=y… … Wikipedia
Pope John XII — Pope John XII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John XII Date of birth unknown; reigned 955 64. The younger Alberic, after the downfall of his mother, Marozia (932), was absolute ruler at Rome. Before his death he administered an… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope John XII of Alexandria — was the Coptic Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark (1480 – 1483) … Wikipedia
John XIII — Pope John XIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John XIII Date of birth unknown; enthroned on 1 Oct., 965; d. 6 Sept., 972. After the death of John XII in 964 Benedictus Grammaticus was elected his successor as Benedict V. But Otto I… … Catholic encyclopedia
John Chrysostom — This article is about the Christian saint. For other uses, see Chrysostomos (disambiguation). Saint John Chrysostom East: Great Hierarch and Ecumenical Teacher West: Bishop and Doctor of the Church Born … Wikipedia