Jerusalem artichoke

1. Also called girasol. a sunflower, Helianthus tuberosus, having edible, tuberous, underground stems or rootstocks.
2. Also called sunchoke. the tuber itself.
[1635-45; alter. of It girasole articiocco edible sunflower. See GIRASOL, ARTICHOKE]

* * *

Sunflower (Helianthus tuberosus) native to North America and grown for its edible tubers.

The aboveground part of the plant is a coarse, usually multibranched, frost-tender perennial, 7–10 ft (2–3 m) tall. The numerous showy flower heads have yellow ray flowers and yellow, brownish, or purplish disk flowers. The underground tubers vary in shape, size, and colour. Jerusalem artichoke is popular as a cooked vegetable in Europe and has long been cultivated in France as livestock feed. In the U.S. it is rarely cultivated.

* * *

plant
also called  Girasole,  

      sunflower (Helianthus tuberosus) of the Asteraceae family, native to North America, noted for its edible tubers. The aboveground part of the plant is a coarse, usually multibranched, frost-tender perennial, 2 to 3 m (7 to 10 feet) tall. The numerous showy flowerheads, appearing in late summer or early autumn, have yellow ray flowers and yellow, brownish, or purplish disk flowers. The underground tubers vary from oblong to much-elongated, from regular to rough and branched, and from very small to 4 ounces (about 110 grams). Skin colours range from light buff, through yellowish, to brown, red, and purple. The tubers are very thin-skinned and soon shrivel on exposure to dry air; the flesh is white and crisp. The plant is propagated by planting the tubers.

      Jerusalem artichoke is popular as a cooked vegetable in Europe and has long been cultivated in France as a stock feed. In the United States it is rarely cultivated, but small quantities are used in making pickles, relishes, and dietary preparations.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jerusalem artichoke — Stem with flowers Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked) …   Wikipedia

  • Jerusalem artichoke — Jerusalem Je*ru sa*lem (j[ e]*r[udd] s[.a]*l[e^]m), n. [Gr. Ieroysalh m, fr. Heb. Y[e^]r[=u]sh[=a]laim.] The chief city of Palestine, intimately associated with the glory of the Jewish nation, and the life and death of Jesus Christ. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jerusalem artichoke — n. [altered, after JERUSALEM, by folk etym. < GIRASOL] 1. a tall North American sunflower (Helianthus tuberosus) of the composite family, with potatolike tubers used as a vegetable 2. such a tuber …   English World dictionary

  • Jerusalem artichoke — ► NOUN ▪ a knobbly tuber with white flesh, eaten as a vegetable. ORIGIN alteration of Italian girasole sunflower …   English terms dictionary

  • Jerusalem artichoke — UK [dʒəˌruːsələm ˈɑː(r)tɪˌtʃəʊk] / US [dʒəˌrusələm ˈɑrtɪˌtʃoʊk] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms Jerusalem artichoke : singular Jerusalem artichoke plural Jerusalem artichokes a vegetable with a very pale brown skin and white flesh. It… …   English dictionary

  • Jerusalem artichoke — gumbinė saulėgrąža statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Helianthus tuberosus angl. Brasilian artichoke; earth apple; girasole; Jerusalem artichoke; tuberous rooted sunflower vok. Erdbirne; knollige Sonnenrose; Topinambur; Topinambur… …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • Jerusalem artichoke — gumbinė saulėgrąža statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Daugiametis, žolinis, maistinis ir pašarinis astrinių (Asteraceae) šeimos augalas. Dauginamas požeminiais stiebagumbiais. Gumbai naudojami kaip daržovė, kasami vėlai rudenį arba… …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • Jerusalem artichoke — noun 1》 a knobbly tuber with white flesh, eaten as a vegetable. 2》 the tall North American plant, closely related to the sunflower, which produces the Jerusalem artichoke. [Helianthus tuberosus.] Origin C17: Jerusalem, alt. of Ital. girasole… …   English new terms dictionary

  • Jerusalem-artichoke — bulvinė saulėgrąža statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Astrinių šeimos daržovinis, krakmolinis, maistinis, pašarinis, vaistinis nuodingas augalas (Helianthus tuberosus), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Helianthus tomentosus;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Jerusalem artichoke — Je|ru|sa|lem ar|ti|choke [dʒəˌru:sələm ˈa:tıtʃəuk US ˈa:rtıtʃouk] n an ↑artichoke …   Dictionary of contemporary English

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.