Jasper National Park

a national park in the Canadian Rockies in W Alberta, in SW Canada.

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National park, western Alberta, Can.

Located on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains, it was established in 1907. It occupies 4,200 sq mi (10,878 sq km), including the Athabasca River valley and the surrounding mountains. It encompasses part of the great Columbia Icefield, the meltwaters of which feed rivers that flow to the Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic oceans. The park's wildlife includes bear, elk, moose, caribou, and cougar.

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  national park in western Alberta, Canada, located on the eastern flank of the Rocky Mountains, north of Banff National Park. Jasper spans 4,200 square miles (10,878 square km) and contains significant active geologic processes, scenic mountains, and diverse animal and plant populations.

When Jasper was first protected as a forest park in 1907, it covered an area of some 5,000 square miles (12,950 square km). In 1930 it was declared a national park with its present size. It was designated part of UNESCO's Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks World Heritage site in 1984.

 Much of the park is made up of the Front Ranges of the Rocky Mountains, but it also extends west to the heights of the Continental Divide, including Mount Columbia (12,294 feet [3,747 metres]), the highest peak in Alberta. Numerous glaciers occur there as well, the most notable of them in the Columbia Icefield, the largest in the Rockies. Located on the border of Alberta and British Columbia, the icefield feeds rivers that flow to the Pacific and Arctic oceans and to Hudson Bay.

      Jasper's montane region contains the Athabasca (Athabasca River) and Brazeau river valleys, as well as waterfalls, lakes, canyons, and hot springs. The vegetation in the valleys includes lodgepole pine and white spruce; typical shrubs are buffaloberry and wild rose. In the snow-covered subalpine region grow Englemann spruce, subalpine fir, crowberry, grouseberry, and heather. The alpine region is characterized by sturdy species such as dwarf birch and mountain avens. Moose, wapiti (elk), mountain goats, bighorn sheep, black and grizzly bears, wolves, lynx, bobcats, and beaver are among the park's typical wildlife. It is also the home of hundreds of permanent and migratory bird species.

      With millions of visitors each year, Jasper provides hotels, camping grounds, hiking trails, and ski slopes. There is increasing concern, however, that development around the unincorporated town of Jasper is disturbing wildlife migration patterns and destroying key habitats.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jasper National Park —   [ dʒæspə næʃnl pɑːk], Nationalpark in der Provinz Alberta, Kanada, in den Rocky Mountains an der Grenze zu British Columbia, 10 880 km2; mit Bergen über 3 000 m über M, Gletschern (u. a. Anteil am Columbia Icefield), Wasserfällen, Seen und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jasper National Park — Infobox protected area | name = Jasper National Park iucn category = II caption = Jasper Park Location locator x = 47 locator y = 161 location = Alberta, Canada nearest city = Jasper lat degrees = 52 lat minutes = 52 lat seconds = 23 lat… …   Wikipedia

  • Jasper National Park — Sp Džãsperio nacionãlinis párkas Ap Jasper National Park L Kanadoje (Alberta); PPP …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Jasper National Park — Jas′per Na′tional Park′ n. geg a national park in the Canadian Rockies in W Alberta, in SW Canada …   From formal English to slang

  • Jasper National Park — geographical name reservation W Canada in W Alberta on E slopes of the Rockies NW of Banff National Park …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Jasper National Park — a national park in the Canadian Rockies in W Alberta, in SW Canada …   Useful english dictionary

  • National Park Service rustic — National Park Service rustic, also colloquially known as Parkitecture, is a style of architecture that arose in the United States National Park System to create buildings that harmonized with their natural environment. Since its founding, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Banff National Park — Infobox protected area | name = Banff National Park iucn category = II caption = Location of Banff National Park in Canada locator x = 52 locator y = 168 location = Alberta, Canada nearest city = Calgary, Alberta lat degrees = 51 lat minutes = 10 …   Wikipedia

  • Banff National Park —   [ bæmf næʃnl pɑːk], der erste Nationalpark Kanadas (gegründet 1885), in der Provinz Alberta, im vergletscherten Hauptkamm der Rocky Mountains östlich der kontinentalen Wasserscheide, 6 641 km2, mit Bergen über 3 000 m über dem Meeresspiegel,… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kootenay National Park — Infobox protected area | name = Kootenay National Park iucn category = II caption = Location of Kootenay National Park locator x = 51 locator y = 174 location = British Columbia, Canada nearest city = lat degrees = 50 lat minutes = 52 lat seconds …   Wikipedia

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