jargon

jargon1
jargony, jargonistic, adj.jargonist, jargoneer, n.
/jahr"geuhn, -gon/, n.
1. the language, esp. the vocabulary, peculiar to a particular trade, profession, or group: medical jargon.
2. unintelligible or meaningless talk or writing; gibberish.
3. any talk or writing that one does not understand.
4. pidgin.
5. language that is characterized by uncommon or pretentious vocabulary and convoluted syntax and is often vague in meaning.
v.i.
6. to speak in or write jargon; jargonize.
[1300-50; ME jargoun < MF; OF jargon, gargun, deriv. of an expressive base *garg-; see GARGLE, GARGOYLE]
Syn. 1. See language. 2. babble, gabble, twaddle.
jargon2
/jahr"gon/, n.
a colorless to smoky gem variety of zircon.
Also, jargoon /jahr goohn"/.
[1760-70; < F < It giargone Pers zargun gold-colored]

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      in colonial history, an unstable rudimentary hybrid language used as a means of communication between persons having no other language in common. Although the term was long synonymous with pidgin—as can be seen by the use of jargon in the names of such pidgins as Chinook Jargon and Mobilian Jargon—in the 1980s some linguists began restricting its use to denote pre-pidgins, or early developmental forms of pidgins.

      Nonlinguists more commonly define jargon as the technical or specialized parlance of a specific social or occupational group such as physicians or lawyers. Jargon has also historically been defined as gibberish or as an outlandish, unintelligible, barbarous, debased language; in this meaning it is similar to patois and carries negative connotations. When the term jargon was originally applied to pidgins, it no doubt reflected the negative attitudes toward pidgins held by fluent speakers of the languages from which the pidgins derived most of their vocabularies. Indeed, jargons and pidgins were often characterized as “broken” languages, suggesting that they lack grammar, in contrast to full-fledged languages that function as the vernaculars of particular communities. Technically, jargons and pidgins have no native speakers and are used only as lingua francas (lingua franca), although expanded pidgins may be used as vernaculars.

Salikoko Sangol Mufwene
 

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Jargon — Jargon …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • jargon — 1. (jar gon) s. m. 1°   Langage corrompu. •   Tout ce que vous prêchez est, je crois, bel et bon ; Mais je ne saurais, moi, parler votre jargon, MOL. F. sav. II, 6. •   L impudente ! appeler un jargon le langage Fondé sur la raison et sur le bel… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • jargon — 1. history of the term. The OED gives several meanings for jargon, all except one mostly derogatory in connotation. The prevailing current senses of the word are (1) ‘words or expressions used by a particular group or profession’, and (2)… …   Modern English usage

  • jargon — JARGÓN, jargoane, s.n. 1. Limbaj specific anumitor categorii sociale, care reflectă dorinţa celor ce l vorbesc de a se distinge de masa mare a vorbitorilor şi care se caracterizează prin abundenţa cuvintelor şi expresiilor pretenţioase, de obicei …   Dicționar Român

  • Jargon — Jar gon, n. [F. jargon, OF. also gargon, perh. akin to E. garrulous, or gargle.] 1. Confused, unintelligible language; gibberish. A barbarous jargon. Macaulay. All jargon of the schools. Prior. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence: an artificial idiom or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jargon — Sm erw. fach. (18. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus frz. jargon (eigentlich unverständliches Gerede ), dieses aus vor rom. * gargone Gezwitscher, Geschwätz .    Ebenso nndl. jargon, ne. jargon, nfrz. jargon, nschw. jargong, nnorw. sjargong. ✎ DF 1… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • jargon — JARGON. s. m. Langage corrompu. Cet homme parle si mal François, que je n entends point son jargon. Il sign. aussi, Un langage concerté, que l on fait pour n estre entendu que de ceux avec qui on a intelligence. Les bohemiens, les gueux, les… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Jargon — Jar gon, n. [E. jargon, It. jiargone; perh. fr. Pers. zarg[=u]n gold colored, fr. zar gold. Cf. {Zircon}.] (Min.) A variety of zircon. See {Zircon}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jargon — Jar gon (j[aum]r g[o^]n), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Jargoned} ( g[o^]nd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Jargoning}.] To utter jargon; to emit confused or unintelligible sounds; to talk unintelligibly, or in a harsh and noisy manner. [1913 Webster] The noisy jay,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jargon — I (technical language) noun argot, cant, code, coined words, language of a particular profession, legalese, neologism, neology, private language, professional language, professional vocabulary, specialized language, specialized terminology,… …   Law dictionary

  • jargon — UK US /ˈdʒɑːgən/ noun [U] ► language used by a particular group of people, especially in their work, and which most other people do not understand: »business/legal/economic jargon …   Financial and business terms

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