Jansenist, n.Jansenistic, Jansenistical, adj.
/jan"seuh niz'euhm/, n.
the doctrinal system of Cornelis Jansen and his followers, denying free will and maintaining that human nature is corrupt and that Christ died for the elect and not for all humanity.
[1650-60; < F jansénisme. See JANSEN, -ISM]

* * *

Roman Catholic reform movement inspired by the writings of Cornelius Jansen.

Influenced by the works of St. Augustine and especially by Augustine's attacks on Pelagianism and the doctrine of free will, Jansen adopted Augustine's doctrines of predestination and the necessity of God's grace, a stance considered uncomfortably close to Calvinism by Roman Catholic authorities, who banned his book the Augustinus in 1642. After Jansen's death in 1638, his followers made their base at the abbey in Port-Royal, France. Blaise Pascal, the most famous Jansenist, defended their teachings in his Provincial Letters (1656–57). In 1709 Louis XIV ordered the Port Royal abbey demolished. Followers of Jansen started a Jansenist church in 1723, which endured into the late 20th century.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jansenism — Jansenism: Cornelius Jansen (1585–1638), professor at the Old University of Louvain. Jansenism was a Christian theological movement, primarily in France, that emphasized original sin, human depravity, the necessity of di …   Wikipedia

  • jansenism — JANSENÍSM s.n. Curent social religios apărut în Olanda şi în Franţa la mijlocul sec. XVII, care exprima opoziţia unei părţi a burgheziei faţă de iezuitism, preluând concepţia despre predestinare şi propovăduind o morală austeră. – Din fr.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Jansenism — Jan sen*ism, n. [F. Jans[ e]nisme.] (Eccl. Hist.) The doctrine of Jansen regarding free will and divine grace. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jansenism — 1650s, in reference to doctrine of Cornelius Jansen (1585 1638), Catholic bishop of Ypres, who maintained the perverseness and inability for good of the natural human will. Related: Jansenist …   Etymology dictionary

  • Jansenism — [jan′sən iz΄əm] n. a set of rigorous, unorthodox, predestinarian doctrines held by Cornelis Jansen Jansenist n., adj. Jansenistic adj …   English World dictionary

  • Jansenism —    A movement of religious reform, especially in 17th and 18th century France, Jansenism takes its name from the Flemish bishop and theologian Cornelius Jansen, whose ideas were summarized in the treatise Augustinus (1640). using the philosophy… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Jansenism —    This term refers to a theological movement that traces its origin to Cornelius Jansen (1585 1638). While Jansenism began as a reform movement emphasizing personal holiness, Jansenism s overemphasis on divinepredestination and human… …   Glossary of theological terms

  • Jansenism — Christian sect owing allegiance to the doctrines of the Dutch theologian Cornelius Otto Jansen (1585–1638). The principal tenet is that without the operation of divine grace, obedience to God s commands is impossible. Grace itself is irresistible …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Jansenism — noun Etymology: French jansénisme, from Cornelis Jansen Date: circa 1656 1. a system of doctrine based on moral determinism, defended by various reformist factions among 17th and 18th century western European Roman Catholic clergy, religious, and …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Jansenism — noun The Catholic doctrines of and his followers, which emphasise original sin, divine grace and predestination …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.