- /jaymz"town'/, n.1. a village in E Virginia: first permanent English settlement in North America 1607; restored 1957.2. a city in SW New York. 35,775.3. a city in central North Dakota. 16,280.4. a seaport in and the capital of St. Helena, in the S Atlantic Ocean. 1475.
* * *Site of the first permanent British settlement in North America.It was founded in May 1607, on the Jamestown Island peninsula in Virginia's James River. Named after King James I, it initiated the cultivation of tobacco and established the continent's first representative government (1619). When Williamsburg replaced it as the capital of Virginia in 1699, it fell into decline. By the mid-19th century, erosion had transformed the peninsula into an island. In 1936 it was incorporated into the Colonial National Historical Park.
* * *city, Chautauqua county, southwestern New York, U.S. It lies at the south end of Chautauqua Lake, 70 miles (113 km) southwest of Buffalo. It was named for James Prendergast, a settler from Pittstown, who in 1811 purchased 1,000 acres (400 hectares) of land there and built a mill; a settlement developed, and furniture and textiles were early manufactures. Abundant waterpower, the opening of the Erie Canal (1825), and the arrival of the Erie Railroad (Erie Railroad Company) in the 1850s encouraged industrial development.Jamestown's manufactures include precision bearings, furniture, diesel engines, vehicular cooling systems, brass furniture hardware, and refractory products. Many dairy farms are in the vicinity, and the city is a base for the nearby resort areas of Chautauqua Lake and the Allegheny Mountains. Jamestown Community College, part of the State University of New York (New York, State University of (SUNY)) system, was founded in 1950. Inc. village, 1827; city, 1886. Pop. (1990) city, 34,681; Jamestown MSA, 141,895; (2000) city, 31,730; Jamestown MSA, 139,750.city, seat (1874) of Stutsman county, southeast-central North Dakota, U.S. It lies at the confluence of the James River and Pipestem Creek, halfway between Bismarck (west) and Fargo (east). The site was settled in 1871 by construction crews of the Northern Pacific Railway (Northern Pacific Railway Company). The garrison at Fort Seward guarded the railroad workers from 1872 until the fort was abandoned in 1877. Jamestown was named by a railroad official both for its location on the James River and for the Virginia city (see Jamestown (Jamestown Colony), Virginia). The economy is based on manufacturing (including farm and construction equipment, aircraft parts and equipment, road signs, and canvas), food processing, and agriculture (including livestock, dairy products, wheat, barley, rye, oats, flaxseed, and sunflowers). The city is the site of the North Dakota State Hospital (opened 1885), the Anne Carlsen Center for Children (opened in 1941 by the Lutheran Hospitals and Homes Society), and Jamestown College (founded 1883). Frontier Village, at the city's southeastern edge, includes reconstructed pioneer buildings, a huge concrete statue, 26 feet (8 metres) tall, of an American bison, and a museum with exhibits on local history, wildlife, and Native Americans. The adjacent National Buffalo Museum has its own bison herd. Another attraction in Jamestown is the North Dakota Sports Hall of Fame. The city is the birthplace of the American writer Louis L'Amour (L'Amour, Louis). Jamestown Dam, just north on the James River, provides flood protection, water for irrigation, and recreation opportunities. Arrowwood National Wildlife Refuge is about 30 miles (50 km) north. Inc. 1883. Pop. (1990) 15,571; (2000) 15,527.seaport town and capital of the British overseas territory of St. Helena (Saint Helena), in the South Atlantic Ocean. The town was founded in 1659, when the British East India Company built a fort and established a garrison at the site on James Bay, naming it for the duke of York (later James II). Jamestown, consisting of little more than a single street, runs up a narrow, deep-sided valley for about 1 mile (1.6 km) to a height of 500 feet (150 metres). The main sources of revenue are customs duties, wharfage, and the sale of postage stamps to philatelists. Plantation House (the governor's residence; built 1792) and the Cathedral of St. Paul's are 2 miles (3 km) south of the town. Longwood House, where Napoleon I was exiled and died in 1821, is 2.5 miles (4 km) southeast and is owned by the government of France. Pop. (1998) 864.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Jamestown — may refer to:PlacesAustralia*Jamestown, South AustraliaBarbados*Jamestown, Saint James, Barbados The first settlement on Barbados.Canada*Mount Olive Silverstone Jamestown, a neighbourhood of Toronto, OntarioGhana*Jamestown, Ghana, a district of… … Wikipedia
Jamestown — Jamestown, MO U.S. town in Missouri Population (2000): 382 Housing Units (2000): 191 Land area (2000): 1.002207 sq. miles (2.595703 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.002207 sq. miles (2.595703 sq … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Jamestown — ist der Name folgender Städte in Australien: Jamestown (Australien) in South Australia, Australien in Neuseeland: Jamestown (Neuseeland) in Neuseeland in Schottland: Jamestown (Schottland), in Ross shire, Schottland Jamestown (Dunbartonshire), in … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jamestown — es el nombre de varios lugares: Jamestown (Australia). Jamestown: capital de la isla de Santa Helena, en el Atlántico sur. Jamestown (Ross shire), en Escocia. Jamestown (Dunbartonshire), en Escocia. Jamestown (Fife), en Escocia. Jamestown… … Wikipedia Español
Jamestown — es el nombre de varios lugares: ● Jamestown, Santa Helena capital del territorio ● Jamestown, Ross shire, Escocia ● Jamestown, Dunbartonshire, Escocia ● Jamestown, Fife, Escocia ● Jamestown, Provincia del Cabo Oriental, Sudáfrica ● Jamestown,… … Enciclopedia Universal
Jamestown — [ dʒeɪmztaʊn], nationale historische Gedenkstätte in Virginia, USA, auf Jamestown Island im Ästuar des James River; bildet seit 1936 zusammen mit Williamsburg und Yorktown den Colonial National Historical Park. Jamestown wurde im Mai 1607 durch … Universal-Lexikon
Jamestown, CA — U.S. Census Designated Place in California Population (2000): 3017 Housing Units (2000): 1446 Land area (2000): 3.056862 sq. miles (7.917235 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.056862 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Jamestown, CO — U.S. town in Colorado Population (2000): 205 Housing Units (2000): 102 Land area (2000): 0.652504 sq. miles (1.689978 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.652504 sq. miles (1.689978 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Jamestown, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 886 Housing Units (2000): 382 Land area (2000): 0.515850 sq. miles (1.336046 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.515850 sq. miles (1.336046 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Jamestown, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 399 Housing Units (2000): 169 Land area (2000): 0.286764 sq. miles (0.742715 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.286764 sq. miles (0.742715 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Jamestown, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 1624 Housing Units (2000): 755 Land area (2000): 2.247760 sq. miles (5.821671 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.247760 sq. miles (5.821671 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places