jack

jack1
/jak/, n.
1. any of various portable devices for raising or lifting heavy objects short heights, using various mechanical, pneumatic, or hydraulic methods.
2. Also called knave. Cards. a playing card bearing the picture of a soldier or servant.
3. Elect. a connecting device in an electrical circuit designed for the insertion of a plug.
4. (cap.) Informal. fellow; buddy; man (usually used in addressing a stranger): Hey, Jack, which way to Jersey?
5. Also called jackstone. Games.
a. one of a set of small metal objects having six prongs, used in the game of jacks.
b. one of any other set of objects, as pebbles, stones, etc., used in the game of jacks.
c. jacks, (used with a sing. v.) a children's game in which small metal objects, stones, pebbles, or the like, are tossed, caught, and moved on the ground in a number of prescribed ways, usually while bouncing a rubber ball.
6. any of several carangid fishes, esp. of the genus Caranx, as C. hippos (crevalle jack or jack crevalle), of the western Atlantic Ocean.
7. Slang. money: He won a lot of jack at the races.
8. Naut.
a. a small flag flown at the jack staff of a ship, bearing a distinctive design usually symbolizing the nationality of the vessel.
b. Also called jack crosstree. either of a pair of crosstrees at the head of a topgallant mast, used to hold royal shrouds away from the mast.
9. (cap.) a sailor.
10. a lumberjack.
11. applejack.
12. See jack rabbit.
13. a jackass.
14. jacklight.
15. a device for turning a spit.
16. a small wooden rod in the mechanism of a harpsichord, spinet, or virginal that rises when the key is depressed and causes the attached plectrum to strike the string.
17. Lawn Bowling. a small, usually white bowl or ball used as a mark for the bowlers to aim at.
18. Also called clock jack. Horol. a mechanical figure that strikes a clock bell.
19. a premigratory young male salmon.
20. Theat. See brace jack.
21. Falconry. the male of a kestrel, hobby, or esp. of a merlin.
22. every man jack, everyone without exception: They presented a formidable opposition, every man jack of them.
v.t.
23. to lift or move (something) with or as if with a jack (usually fol. by up): to jack a car up to change a flat tire.
24. Informal. to increase, raise, or accelerate (prices, wages, speed, etc.) (usually fol. by up).
25. Informal. to boost the morale of; encourage (usually fol. by up).
26. to jacklight.
v.i.
27. to jacklight.
28. jack off, Slang (vulgar). to masturbate.
adj.
29. Carpentry. having a height or length less than that of most of the others in a structure; cripple: jack rafter; jack truss.
[1350-1400; ME jakke, Jakke used in addressing any male, esp. a social inferior, var. of Jakken, var. of Jankin, equiv. to Jan JOHN + -kin -KIN; extended in sense to anything male, and as a designation for a variety of inanimate objects]
jack2
/jak/, n.
jackfruit.
[1605-15; < Pg jaca < Malayalam cakka]
jack3
/jak/, n.
1. a defensive coat, usually of leather, worn in medieval times by foot soldiers and others.
2. a container for liquor, originally of waxed leather coated with tar.
[1325-75; ME jakke < MF jaque(s), jacket, short, plain upper garment, prob. after jacques peasant (see JACQUERIE)]

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I
Any of more than 150 species of fishes (family Carangidae, order Perciformes) found in temperate and tropical portions of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans and occasionally in fresh or brackish water.

Though body size and shape vary greatly, many species have small scales that create a smooth appearance, a laterally compressed body, rows of large spiky scales along the side near the tail fin, and a deeply forked tail. Many have a bluish green, silvery, or yellowish sheen. Jacks are important commercially and are favoured sport fishes. See also amberjack.
II
In practical mechanics, portable hand-operated device for raising heavy weights through short distances, exerting great pressures, or holding assembled work firmly in position.

The ratio of the load to the amount of force applied to the handle can be made quite high by using a gear or screw to regulate the upward extension. A ratchet allows a heavy weight to be raised in short successive stages. Though limited by the requirements of portability and ease of manual operation, jacks may lift, or exert a force of, several tons. A familiar example is the automobile jack, used to raise one end of a car to change a tire.
III
(as used in expressions)
Benny Jack
Dempsey Jack
Gibson Eleanor Jack
Eleanor Jack
jack in the pulpit
Johnson Jack
Kemp Jack French
Kerouac Jack
Kevorkian Jack
Kilby Jack St. Clair
Kramer Jack
Lemmon Jack
London Jack
Miner Jack
Nicholson Jack
Nicklaus Jack William
Paar Jack
Jack Roosevelt Robinson
Teagarden Jack

* * *

fish
 any of numerous species of fishes belonging to the family Carangidae (order Perciformes). The name jack is also applied collectively to the family. Representatives can be found in temperate and tropical portions of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian oceans and occasionally in fresh or brackish water. Although body size and shape vary greatly among jacks, many of the more than 150 species are characterized by laterally compressed bodies, a row of enlarged scales (scutes) along the side near the tailfin, small scales resulting in a smooth appearance, and a deeply forked tail. Many have a bluish green, silvery, or yellowish sheen on the body. Jacks are important commercially and are favoured sports fishes.

      Some of the most popular marine game fishes are the amberjacks (amberjack) (genus Seriola), which are found worldwide. The greater amberjack (S. dumerili) of the tropical Atlantic is one of the largest members of the jack family, often attaining lengths of 1.8 m (6 feet). The genus Caranx includes several species of smaller but popular game fish, such as the crevalle jack (C. hippos) of warm Atlantic waters and the yellow jack (C. bartholomaei), which frequents warm Atlantic waters and is noted for its golden-yellow sides and fins.

tool
      in practical mechanics, portable hand-operated device for raising heavy weights through short distances, exerting great pressures, or holding assembled work firmly in position, as in jacking up a building to prevent settling or keeping it in position while replacing a foundation.

      The jack's effectiveness stems from the ratio of the load, or weight of the object raised, to the amount of force applied to the handle of the jack. This ratio can be made quite high by the use of a gear or screw to regulate the upward extension of the jack. A ratchet allows a heavy weight to be raised in short successive stages, with the jack locking whenever force is not being applied to its handle. Though limited in capacity by the requirements of portability and ease of manual operation, a jack may be built to lift, or exert a force of, several tons. A familiar example of this device is the automobile jack, which is used to raise one end of a car to permit the changing of a tire.

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Universalium. 2010.

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