Iwo Jima

/ee"weuh jee"meuh, ee"woh/; Japn. /ee"waw jee"mah/
one of the Volcano Islands, in the N Pacific, S of Japan: under U.S. administration after 1945; returned to Japan 1968.

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Island, the middle of the three Volcano Islands, Japan.

Situated in the western Pacific, it is about 5 mi (8 km) long, 800 yards to 2.5 mi (730 m–4 km) wide, and has an area of 8 sq mi (20 sq km). It was under Japanese control until 1945, when it was the scene of one of the severest campaigns of World War II. After extensive bombing by U.S. planes (December 1944–February 1945), it was invaded by U.S. marines and was finally completely taken by mid-March; it became a strategic base for U.S. planes en route to Japan. In 1968 it was returned to Japan.

U.S. Marines raising the American flag over Mount Suribachi, Iwo Jima, in February 1945.

Joe Rosenthal
AP/Wide World

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official Japanese  Iō-tō , also called  Iō-jima 
 island that is part of the Volcano Islands archipelago, far southern Japan. The island has been widely known as Iwo Jima, its conventional name, since World War II (1939–45); however, Japan officially changed the name to its Japanese form, Iō-tō (Iō Island), in 2007.

      Iwo Jima lies in the western Pacific at a point about 760 miles (1,220 km) south-southeast of Tokyo. The island is irregular in shape; it is about 5 miles (8 km) long and ranges from 800 yards to 2.5 miles (730 metres to 4 km) wide. It has an area of about 8 square miles (20 square km). Administratively, it is part of Tokyo metropolis.

      Iwo Jima was under Japanese administration until early in 1945, when it became the scene of a fierce battle between Japanese and invading U.S. troops during the last phases of World War II. The island was strategically important because, if captured, it could serve as a base for U.S. fighter planes to accompany U.S. heavy bombers flying to Japan from bases on Saipan, an island 700 miles (1,100 km) farther south that U.S. troops had taken in 1944. Two U.S. Marine divisions landed on Iwo Jima Feb. 19–21, 1945, and were followed by a third later in the month. The island's Japanese defenders had entrenched themselves so effectively in caves that weeks of preliminary naval and air bombardment failed to appreciably weaken their ability to offer tenacious resistance to the Marines' amphibious landing. The struggle for possession of the island continued for almost a month before it was officially pronounced captured by the United States. The hardest struggles were for the occupation of a height that U.S. forces labeled Meatgrinder Hill, in the north, and Mount Suribachi, an extinct volcano in the south.

      The raising of the American flag over Mount Suribachi (February 23), which was photographed by Joe Rosenthal of the Associated Press, resulted in one of the best-known photographic images of the Pacific war. This picture was widely reprinted, and statues, paintings, and a U.S. postage stamp were based on it. (The photograph actually depicts the second flag raising over Mount Suribachi, after a first flag raised an hour or two earlier had proved too small to be visible to other U.S. troops on the island.)

      About 21,000 Japanese troops were killed and some 1,000 captured in the main battle and subsequent operations. U.S. casualties totaled about 28,000, including about 6,800 killed. Iwo Jima and the other Volcano Islands were administered by the United States from 1945 until they were returned to Japan in 1968.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Iwo Jima — (en japonés 硫黄島 Iōjima, «isla de azufre») es una isla japonesa de origen volcánico ubicada a aproximadamente 1.000 km al sur de Tokio, con una superficie de 20 km². La isla fue el teatro de la batalla de Iwo Jima en el marco de la Segunda Guerra… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Iwo Jima —    Iwo Jima was one of the famous battles in the U.S. “island hopping” campaign in the Pacific against Japan during World War II. More than 75,000 U.S. forces landed on the island of Iwo Jima 650 miles south of Tokyo from an armada of 880 vessels …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • Iwo Jima — [ē′wō jē′mə, ē′wə] small island of the Volcano Islands in the W Pacific: captured from the Japanese by U.S. forces in WWII (1945); returned to Japan (1968): c. 8 sq mi (20.7 sq km) …   English World dictionary

  • Iwo Jima — For other uses, see Iwo Jima (disambiguation). Iwo Jima Native name: 硫黄島 Location of Iwo Jima in the Pacific Ocean Geography …   Wikipedia

  • Iwo Jima — Cet article concerne l île japonaise. Pour les films du même nom, voir Iwo Jima (film) et Lettres d Iwo Jima. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Iōjima. Iōjima …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Iwo Jima — Lage der Ogasawara Inseln Schiffe vor dem Vulkan Suribachi der Insel Iwojima. Im Vordergrund die USS Carl Vinson …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Iwo Jima — noun 1. the largest of the Volcano Islands of Japan • Instance Hypernyms: ↑island • Part Holonyms: ↑Japan, ↑Nippon, ↑Nihon 2. a bloody and prolonged operation on the island of Iwo Jima in which American marines landed and defeated Japanese… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Iwo Jima — I|wo Ji|ma an island in the Pacific Ocean belonging to Japan, where US forces won a very difficult battle in World War II. There is a statue in Washington, D.C., of US ↑Marines raising the US flag on Iwo Jima after they had won the battle …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Iwo Jima — Sands of Iwo Jima    Film de guerre d Allan Dawn, avec John Wayne, John Agar, Forrest Tucker, Adele Mara.   Pays: États Unis   Date de sortie: 1949   Technique: noir et blanc   Durée: 1 h 50    Résumé    L armée, l aviation et la flotte… …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Iwo Jima — /iwoʊ ˈdʒimə/ (say eewoh jeemuh) noun a small island in the north western Pacific, south of Japan, one of the Volcano Islands group; taken by US forces, 1945; returned to Japan, 1968 …   Australian English dictionary

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