ivory-billed woodpecker

/uy"veuh ree bild', uy"vree-/
a large, nearly extinct, black and white woodpecker, Campephilus principalis, of the southern U.S. and Cuba, having an ivory-colored bill.
[1805-15, Amer.]

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Black-and-white woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) with a flaring crest (red on the male) and a long whitish bill.

The largest North American woodpecker, it is thought to be extinct, though there were unconfirmed sightings of the bird in the southern United States in the late 1990s; a small population on Cuba was last seen in the late 1980s. Its decline coincided with the logging of virgin forest, where it subsisted on deadwood insects. A subspecies, the Cuban ivory-billed woodpecker, is also believed to be extinct. A related species, the imperial woodpecker of Mexico, is critically endangered. All these birds appear to have required large trees and isolation from disturbance.

Ivory-billed woodpeckers (Campephilus principalis).

Kenneth W. Fink from Root Resources

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bird
 45-cm (18-inch) black-and-white bird with a flaring crest (red in the male) and a long whitish bill. It belongs to the family Picidae (order Piciformes). The species was thought to be extinct, though there were unconfirmed sightings of the bird in the southern United States in the late 1990s. In 2005 a team of researchers announced that the ivory-billed woodpecker had indeed been sighted in eastern Arkansas. The species' decline coincided with the logging of virgin forest, where it had subsisted on deadwood insects. A subspecies, the Cuban ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis bairdii), was last officially sighted in the late 1980s and is believed to be extinct. A related species, the imperial woodpecker (C. imperialis) of Mexico, is the largest woodpecker in the world. It is critically endangered and possibly extinct. All these birds appear to require large trees and isolation from disturbance.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • ivory-billed woodpecker — noun large black and white woodpecker of southern United States and Cuba having an ivory bill; nearly extinct • Syn: ↑ivorybill, ↑Campephilus principalis • Hypernyms: ↑woodpecker, ↑peckerwood, ↑pecker • Member Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • ivory-billed woodpecker — i′vory billed wood′pecker n. orn a large black and white woodpecker, Campephilus principalis, of the southern U.S. and Cuba: close to extinction. Also called i′vory bill • Etymology: 1805–15, amer …   From formal English to slang

  • ivory-billed woodpecker — noun Date: 1811 a very large black and white woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) of the southeastern United States and Cuba that has a showy red crest in the male and is presumed extinct in the United States …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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