Itelmen

/ee'tel men"/, n.
1. a member of a small group of Paleo-Asiatic people inhabiting the Kamchatka peninsula in eastern Siberia.
2. the Chukotian language of the Itelmen people. Also called Kamchadal.

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people
also called  Kamchadal,  

      people of the southern Kamchatka Peninsula, far eastern Russia, numbering about 2,500 in the late 20th century. Much reduced by conquest and epidemics, they have been largely Russianized since the 18th century. In Russian usage the surviving remnant is designated by their own term Itelmen; the name Kamchadal refers to mixed bloods in Russia.

      Their Luorawetlan language of the Paleo-Siberian language group and their mythology are closely related to those of the neighbouring Chukchi and Koryak peoples. Along with many other tribes around the North Pacific, the Itelmen based their economy and pattern of life on the annual salmon run; extensive use of wild plants was also characteristic. The year's food supply was largely obtained with weirs, traps, and nets in summer, permitting relative leisure during other seasons.

      The Itelmen were primarily a riverine and coastal people. Living in relative isolation, they were still technologically in the Stone Age when first reported (1697). Uniquely, they lived in underground houses in winter and in elevated pile structures during the summer. Dogsleds or small dugout canoes provided transportation, depending on the season. Warfare among local groups was frequent. Little is known about traditional Itelmen social organization, but women had considerable influence. Their religion included propitiation of countless spirits, as well as game-animal rituals to assure hunting success. Shamans were less important among the Itelmen, Chukchi, and Koryak than elsewhere in Siberia.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Itelmen — Itelmen, prop. n. 1. (Ethnol.) An aboriginal tribe inhabiting the southern part of the Kamchatka peninsula; called also {Kamchadal} and {Kamtschadal}. [1913 Webster +PJC] 2. The language of the Itelmen people. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Itelmen — Itelmen, so v.w. Kamtschadalen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Itelmen — Itelmen, Volk, s. Kamtschadalen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Itelmen — Itẹlmen,   zu den Paläosibiriern zählendes Volk mit paläoasiatischer Sprache auf der Halbinsel Kamtschatka und in Nordostsibirien (Russland); durch Kämpfe mit Russen sowie durch Epidemien seit dem 18. Jahrhundert stark dezimiert (heute etwa noch …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Itelmen — Kamtschadales Kam tscha*dales, n. pl. [from the older spelling Kamtschatka for Kamchatka.] (Ethnol.) An aboriginal tribe inhabiting the southern part of the Kamchatka peninsula; called also {Kamchadals} and {Itelmen}. [1913 Webster +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Itelmen — /ee tel men /, n. 1. a member of a small group of Paleo Asiatic people inhabiting the Kamchatka peninsula in eastern Siberia. 2. the Chukotian language of the Itelmen people. Also called Kamchadal …   Useful english dictionary

  • Itelmen — noun A language of the Chukotko Kamchatkan family, spoken on Kamchatka in Russia …   Wiktionary

  • Itelmen — ISO 639 3 Code : itl ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Itelmen language — language name=Itelmen nativename=итэнмэн Itənmən familycolor=Paleosiberian states=Russia region=Kamchatka Peninsula speakers=Fewer than 100 fam1=Chukotko Kamchatkan fam2=Southern iso2=mis|iso3=itlItelmen, formerly also known as Kamchadal, is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Idioma itelmen — Itelmeno итэнмэн Itənmən Hablado en Rusia Región Kamchatka Hablantes 60 Familia Paleosiberianas Chucoto Camchatcas Itelmeno …   Wikipedia Español

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