- —Istrian, adj., n./is"tree euh/; It. /ees"trddyah/, n.a peninsula at the N end of the Adriatic, in SW Slovenia and W Croatia. Also called Istrian Peninsula.
* * *Peninsula, extending into the northeastern Adriatic Sea.It has an area of 1,220 sq mi (3,160 sq km). Its northern portion is part of Slovenia, while the central and southern parts belong to Croatia. A tiny strip of coast in the northwest is the site of Trieste and belongs to Italy. Istria's ancient Illyrian inhabitants were overthrown by Romans in 177 BC, and Slavic peoples settled there from the 7th century AD. It passed through the hands of various Mediterranean powers until Austria gained control in 1797 and developed Trieste as a port. Istria was seized by Italy in 1919; Yugoslavia occupied most of the peninsula in 1947. Yugoslavian Istria became part of Croatia and Slovenia at those states' independence in 1991.
* * *Serbo-Croatian Istratriangular peninsula that is part of Croatia and Slovenia. It extends into the northeastern Adriatic Sea between the Gulf of Venice (west) and the Gulf of Kvarner (east). The peninsula has an area of 1,220 square miles (3,160 square km). The northern portion is part of Slovenia, while the central and southern parts belong to Croatia. A tiny strip of coast at its northwestern base is the site of Trieste and belongs to Italy.Istria's highly indented shoreline, 267 miles (430 km) in length, exhibits numerous drowned valleys. The west coast has a score of small offshore island groups, the most notable being Brioni (Brijuni). The terrain basically consists of a limestone plateau, much of which lacks water owing to its karst topography. The northeast section consists of the mountains of the Dinaric Alps, with a maximum elevation of 4,596 feet (1,401 m) at Mount Učka. These modest heights slope gradually south and west in undulating terraces toward the Adriatic. Parts of the peninsula have thick forests, and places suffering from the ravages of timber cutting are being reforested. In the waterless karst areas a scrub vegetation prevails. A Mediterranean climate brings hot, dry summers and warm, wet winters.The population of Istria, approximately two-thirds of which is Croatian, engages mostly in agriculture. Wheat, corn (maize), rye, oats, figs, fruit, and olives are grown in the fertile western and southeastern coastal areas, and cattle are bred. There has been an increase in viticulture, and fishing and shipbuilding are other activities. Salt is obtained from seawater at Piran and Portorož in Slovenia. Raša, in Croatia, is an important site for the mining of high-quality anthracite coal; and bauxite, building stone, and quartz are also extracted. Istria's most important town and harbour is Pula, which has a well-preserved Roman amphitheatre. Opatija and Brioni are best known as seaside resorts.Istria derived its name from the ancient Illyrian tribe of the Histri and was subdued by Rome in 177 BC after two wars. Under the emperor Augustus most of the peninsula became part of Italy. Slavic peoples began settling there in the 7th century AD. It was successively under the control of diverse Mediterranean powers until 1797, when the peninsula came under the rule of Austria, which developed Trieste as a port. By this time the population consisted of Italians and Austrians in the coastal towns and Slavic farmers in the rural interior. After World War I, Italy forcibly seized the peninsula from Austria in 1919 and afterward tried to Italianize the population. But, following Italy's defeat in World War II, Yugoslavia occupied most of Istria in 1947. The peninsula's northwestern section, around Trieste, was finally divided between Italy and Yugoslavia in 1954 after decades of diplomatic wrangling and periodic political crises. Istria quietly became part of Croatia and Slovenia in 1991 when those states became independent nations. Italian minorities remain in both the Slovene and Croatian parts.
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ISTRIA — ISTRIA, peninsula in the N. Adriatic. The first Jewish settlement dates to the Middle Ages. In 1380 Jews opened a bank at Capodistria. Later Jews settled at Isola, Pirano, Rovigno, Pola, and Veglia. A number of Jews from Germany settled in Istria … Encyclopedia of Judaism
ISTRIA — incolis Istria, Gallis Istrie Germanis Hysterreich, Italiae reg. post flexum Hadriatici sinûs Illyrico contermina, quae in latitudine sexaginta mill. pass. in circuitu centum viginti quinque milia complectitur. Sub Venetis. Terminatur a Sept.… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Istria — bezeichnet einen Asteroiden, siehe (183) Istria die Halbinsel Istrien ein Dorf in Rumänien, siehe Istria (Constanța) eine antike Stadt, siehe Histria (Schwarzes Meer) Diese Seite ist eine Begr … Deutsch Wikipedia
Istria — es una península que se encuentra al Sur de Europa en el Adriático, situada entre los golfos de Trieste y Quarnaro. Pertenece a Croacia excepto el Noroeste que pertence a Eslovenia. Tiene una extensión de 3.700 km² * * * Istria, península de … Enciclopedia Universal
Istria — [is′trē ə] peninsula in W Slovenia & Croatia, projecting into the N Adriatic, formerly including part of the area around Trieste: also Istrian Peninsula Istrian adj., n … English World dictionary
Istria — This article is about a geographical region bordering the Adriatic Sea. For information on the asteroid, see 183 Istria. For the commune in Romania, see Istria, Constanţa. : This article is about the entire Istrian peninsula and region, for… … Wikipedia
Istria — Península de Istria Vista de satélite Localización administrativa País … Wikipedia Español
Istria — Istrie Carte de l Istrie L Istrie (en croate et en slovène Istra, en italien Istria, anciennement Histria en latin) est une péninsule de l Adriatique … Wikipédia en Français
Istria — Original name in latin Istria Name in other language Caranasuf, Caranasut, Histria, Istria, Istrus, Karanasuf State code RO Continent/City Europe/Bucharest longitude 44.56667 latitude 28.71667 altitude 15 Population 2591 Date 2012 06 12 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Istria — Mountainous peninsula in the northern Adriatic Sea (q.v.) between the gulfs ofTrieste and Fiume. The Ostrogoths (q.v.) seized it in 493. The forces of Justinian I (q.v.) reconquered it in 539. The Lombards (q.v.), who invaded Italy (q.v.) in… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium