Ismailia

/is'may euh lee"euh, -muy euh-/, n.
a city and seaport at the midpoint of the Suez Canal, in NE Egypt. 189,700.
Also, Isma'iliya.

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Egypt
also transliterated  Al-Ismāʿīlīyah 

      capital of Al-Ismāʿīlīyah (Ismāʿīliyyah, Al-) muḥāfaẓah (governorate), northeastern Egypt. The city is about at the midpoint of the Suez Canal, on the northwestern shore of Lake At-Timsāḥ. The lake, in a natural depression, was connected to the Gulf of Suez of the Red Sea in pharaonic times.

      The city was founded in 1863 by the French engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps, builder of the Suez Canal, as a base camp. It was named for the ruling Egyptian khedive (viceroy) Ismāʿīl Pasha, whose elaborate palace built for the gala opening of the canal in 1869 has fallen into ruin. Laid out in contemporary 19th-century style, with broad avenues, tree-lined squares, parks, and gardens, it has a gridiron street plan.

      Ismailia played an important role in modern Egyptian history: British suppression of an uprising by rebellious Egyptian police there in January 1952 was a key event leading to the overthrow of King Farouk I later that year and the Egyptian Revolution that followed. During the period that the canal was open to traffic (1869–1956; 1957–67), Ismailia prospered. The operating headquarters of the Suez Canal Company and the Central Movement Office, which regulated canal traffic, were there. When the canal was closed for eight years following the Six-Day War of June 1967, the city's economic base was undermined; much of the population was resettled elsewhere in Egypt.

      With the cease-fire and peace following the 1973 war with Israel, especially after the Suez Canal reopened in 1975, Ismailia returned to prosperity. The refugees were returned, new housing was built by the government, and a tax-free industrial zone was created as part of President Anwar el-Sādāt's “Open Door” policy. Industries that have been established include food processing, tractor and engine construction, and shipyard work. In the early 1980s a power plant was built in the city. The Suez Canal University opened in 1975.

      The city is linked to the national rail network of Egypt via Banhā in Al-Qalyūbīyah governorate. Another railway along the Suez Canal serves Ismailia. The city has a ferry service across the canal. Pop. (1996) 254,477.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Ismailia — Basisdaten Gouvernement: Al Ismaʿiliyya Geographische Lage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ismailia — (árabe: الإسماعيلية āl ʾIsmāʿīliyyah) es una ciudad egipcia en el noreste del país. Es la capital de la gobernación homónima. Está situada en la ribera noroeste del canal de Suez, hacia la mitad del camino entre Puerto Saíd al norte, y Suez al… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ismaïlia — ( ar. الإسماعيلية) is the capital of Al Isma iliyah Governorate. It has a population (including surrounding rural areas) of approximately 750,000. It is located on the west bank of the Suez Canal, approximately half way between Port Said to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ismailia — Ismailia,   Ismailija, Stadt am Westufer des Suezkanals, Ägypten, 77 km südlich von Port Said, 212 500 Einwohner; Verwaltungssitz des Governorats Ismailia; Sitz der Suezbehörde; Elektroindustrie, Aluminiumwerk; Verkehrsknotenpunkt.   Geschichte:… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ismaïlĭa — Ismaïlĭa, 1) Distriktshauptstadt des ägypt. Gouvernorats (Mudirieh) des Kanals in der Mitte des Isthmus, von Suez 72, von Port Saïd 75 km entfernt, am Nordufer des Timsahsees und am schiffbaren Süßwasserkanal (Ismaïliakanal), Endstation einer… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ismaîlîa — Ismaîlîa. 1) Ägypt. Stadt auf dem Isthmus von Sues, am Sueskanal, 1863 angelegt, 7000 E.; Sitz der Zentralverwaltung des Sueskanals. – 2) Jetziger Name von Gondokoro (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ismaïlia — (al Ismâ îliyya) v. d égypte, sur le lac Timsah et le canal de Suez, créée en 1863; 214 000 hab.; ch. l. du gouvernorat du m. nom. Siège de l administration du canal; port pétrolier …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ismailia — [is΄mä ē lē′ä] city in NE Egypt: pop. 213,000 …   English World dictionary

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  • Ismailia — Ismaily SC Ismailia Club fondé en …   Wikipédia en Français

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