Ionic

/uy on"ik/, adj.
1. Archit. noting or pertaining to one of the five classical orders that in ancient Greece consisted of a fluted column with a molded base and a capital composed of four volutes, usually parallel to the architrave with a pulvinus connecting a pair on each side of the column, and an entablature typically consisting of an architrave of three fascias, a richly ornamented frieze, and a cornice corbeled out on egg-and-dart and dentil moldings, with the frieze sometimes omitted. Roman and Renaissance examples are often more elaborate, and usually set the volutes of the capitals at 45° to the architrave. Cf. composite (def. 3), Corinthian (def. 2), Doric (def. 3), Tuscan (def. 2). See illus. under order, volute.
2. Pros. noting or employing a foot consisting either of two long followed by two short syllables (greater Ionic), or of two short followed by two long syllables (lesser Ionic).
3. noting or pertaining to that variety of the eastern branch of the early Greek alphabet that was used for the writing of the Ionic dialect and that became the variety used for all dialects of Greek from the 4th century B.C. to the present.
4. of or pertaining to Ionia or the Ionians.
n.
5. Pros. an Ionic foot, verse, or meter.
6. the dialect of ancient Greek spoken in Euboea, the Cyclades, and on the mainland of Asia Minor at Miletus and elsewhere.
7. Trademark. a style of printing type.
[1555-65; < L Ionicus < Gk Ionikós of IONIA; see -IC]

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ionic — or Ionian may refer to:In science: * Ion, in physics and chemistry, an atom or group of atoms with a net electric charge ** Ionic bond, a type of chemical bond involving ions ** Ionic compound, a chemical compound in which ions are held together… …   Wikipedia

  • Ionic — I*on ic, a. [L. Ionicus, Gr. ?, fr. ? Ionia.] [1913 Webster] 1. Of or pertaining to Ionia or the Ionians. [1913 Webster] 2. (Arch.) Pertaining to the Ionic order of architecture, one of the three orders invented by the Greeks, and one of the five …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ionic — I*on ic, n. 1. (Pros.) (a) A foot consisting of four syllables: either two long and two short, that is, a spondee and a pyrrhic, in which case it is called the {greater Ionic}; or two short and two long, that is, a pyrrhic and a spondee, in which …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ionic — [ī än′ik] adj. [L Ionicus < Gr Iōnikos] 1. of Ionia or its people or culture; Ionian 2. of Ionic (the language variety) 3. designating or of a classical (Greek or Roman) order of architecture, distinguished by ornamental scrolls (spiral… …   English World dictionary

  • ionic — i*on ic a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to ions; composed of ions, containing ions, or breaking down into ions when dissolved in a polar solvent; as, an ionic solution will conduct a current of electricity. Opposite of {nonionic}. [PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ionic — pertaining to Ionia, 1570s of music; 1580s of architecture, from L. Ionicus, from Gk. Ionikos (see IONIAN (Cf. Ionian)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • ionic — pertaining to ions, 1890, from ION (Cf. ion) + IC (Cf. ic) …   Etymology dictionary

  • ionic — [ī än′ik] adj. of, or being in the form of, an ion or ions …   English World dictionary

  • ionic — IÓNIC1, Ă, ionici, ce, adj., s.n., s.m. 1. adj., s.n. (Stil, ordin etc. arhitectonic) caracterizat prin coloane zvelte cu capitelul împodobit cu volute. 2. adj. (Despre construcţii sau elemente arhitectonice) Care ţine de ionic1 (1), care se… …   Dicționar Român

  • Ionic — 1. adjective a) of or related to Ionians b) of an order of classical Greek architecture; the Ionic order 2. noun A sub dialect of the Attic Ionic dialectal group of …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.