- /uy oh"neuh/, n.an island in the Hebrides, off the W coast of Scotland: center of early Celtic Christianity.
* * *island of the Inner Hebrides, Strathclyde region, Scotland. It is 3 miles (5 km) long by 1.5 miles (2.4 km) wide, with its highest point just under 330 feet (100 m) above sea level, and is separated by the Sound of Iona (0.7 miles [1.1 km] wide) from the large island of Mull. Most of the island is rough grazing land, but there is some permanent pasture, and sheep and cattle are raised. Tourism and crofting (small-scale farming) are the main economic activities.Iona was readily accessible by sea from Ireland, and it was here that St. Columba (Columba, Saint) landed in AD 563 to begin his Christianization of Scotland. From his monastery on Iona, Columba established the Celtic church and sent missionaries throughout mainland and insular Scotland. He died in 597 and was buried on the island.During the period from 795 to the late 10th century, the pagan Norsemen repeatedly invaded the island. The original monastery was burned down and the monks murdered. Iona's insecurity led to the transfer in 849 of the relics of St. Columba to the safety of Kells in Ireland. By the 11th century the monastery had been rebuilt and was included by the Norsemen (by now converted to Christianity) in their diocese of Man and the Isles. In 1154 this see was put under the archbishop of Trondheim, in Norway, and it retained this status until 1266, when the Hebrides were ceded to Scotland.Throughout centuries of invasion and warfare, the reputation of the island as a holy place flourished, and it became the burial place of Scottish, Irish, and Norwegian kings.The monastery was suppressed after the Protestant Reformation, and in 1693 the island passed into the overlordship of the Campbells of Argyll, until 1899, when the 8th Duke of Argyll presented the ruined abbey to the Church of Scotland. The abbey was gradually rebuilt and was opened again for public worship in 1912.In 1938 George MacLeod, a Glasgow minister, founded the Iona Community. Pop. (1981) 268.
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Iona — ist eine Insel in Schottland: Iona (Schottland), siehe auch die Iona Community eine Softwarefirma: IONA Technologies PLC eine Band aus Schottland: Iona (Band) ein College in den USA: Iona (College) ein weiblicher Vorname: Iona (Vorname) die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Iona — Iona, FL U.S. Census Designated Place in Florida Population (2000): 11756 Housing Units (2000): 9290 Land area (2000): 7.131203 sq. miles (18.469731 sq. km) Water area (2000): 3.077167 sq. miles (7.969826 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.208370 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Iona — IONA, or Icolmkill, an island of the Hebrides, and also a quoad sacra parish, in the parish of Kilfinichen, district of Mull, county of Argyll; containing 1084 inhabitants, of whom 460 are on the island. This place, which is of remote… … A Topographical dictionary of Scotland
Iona, FL — U.S. Census Designated Place in Florida Population (2000): 11756 Housing Units (2000): 9290 Land area (2000): 7.131203 sq. miles (18.469731 sq. km) Water area (2000): 3.077167 sq. miles (7.969826 sq. km) Total area (2000): 10.208370 sq. miles (26 … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Iona, ID — U.S. city in Idaho Population (2000): 1201 Housing Units (2000): 385 Land area (2000): 0.787020 sq. miles (2.038372 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.787020 sq. miles (2.038372 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Iona, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 173 Housing Units (2000): 91 Land area (2000): 0.786879 sq. miles (2.038008 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.786879 sq. miles (2.038008 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Iona B&B — (Рай,Австралия) Категория отеля … Каталог отелей
Iona — f Scottish and English: from the name of the tiny island in the Hebrides, off the west coast of Mull, where in 563 St Columba founded a monastery that became an important early centre of Christianity. It is said to result from a misreading of the … First names dictionary
Iona — [aɪ əʊna], Insel der Inneren Hebriden, Schottland, vor der Südwestküste der Insel Mull, 5 km lang, bis 2 km breit, 100 Einwohner. Auf Iona, früher auch gälisch Hy, Kloster des heiligen Columban des Älteren (gegründet 563 als Missionszentrum für … Universal-Lexikon
Iona — (spr. aĭ ōnä oder i ōnä, auch Icolmkill, m älterer Zeit Hy oder Hie, spr. hai), kleine Insel dicht bei der Hebrideninsel Mull, dem Herzog von Argyll gehörig, 27 qkm groß mit (1891) 247 Einw. Hier begründete um 563 der heil. Columba ein Kloster,… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Iona — (spr. eiōnĕ oder iōnĕ), irisch Icolmkill, Herbideninsel, zur schott. Grafsch. Argyll gehörig, 8 qkm, ca. 250 E.; an der östl. Küste Ruinen einer Abtei (563 vom heil. Columba gegründet, im Mittelalter Hauptsitz der Gelehrsamkeit) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon