intercolumniation

intercolumnal, intercolumnar, adj.
/in'teuhr keuh lum'nee ay"sheuhn/, n. Archit.
1. the space between two adjacent columns, usually the clear space between the lower parts of the shafts.
2. the system of spacing between columns.
[1655-65; < L intercolumni(um) space between columns (see INTER-, COLUMN, -IUM) + -ATION]

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In architecture, the space between columns that support an arch or entablature.

Classical, Renaissance, and Baroque architecture used a system codified by Vitruvius in which the measurement is expressed in terms of the columns' diameters (e.g., two columns might be described as being three diameters apart). The system conveniently expressed the measurement of a unit of space whose size varied from building to building according to the Classical order used.

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      in architecture, space between columns that supports an arch or an entablature (an assemblage of moldings and bands that forms the lowest horizontal beam of a roof). In Classical architecture and its derivatives, Renaissance and Baroque architecture, intercolumniation was determined from a system codified by the 1st-century BC Roman architect Vitruvius.

      The measurement between columns was calculated and expressed in terms of the diameters of the columns in the building—i.e., two columns were expressed as being 3 diameters (3D) rather than 9 feet (2.7 metres) apart. This system by Vitruvius conveniently and universally expressed the measurement of a particular unit of space, the size of which varied from building to building, according to the Classical order used.

      Vitruvius established five standard measurements for intercolumniation: 11/2 diameter interval (D), called pycnostyle intercolumniation; 2D, called systyle; 21/4D (the most common ratio), called eustyle; 3D, called diastyle; and 4 or more D, called araeostyle.

      Although the five standard ratios prevailed, variations in actual building practice frequently occurred. In Doric temples the intercolumniation at the corners was sometimes half as wide as the intercolumniation along the front and lateral sides of the building.

      In Japanese architecture, intercolumniation is based on a standard unit, the ken, which is divided into 20 sections, each termed a minute of space; each minute is subdivided into 22 units, or seconds.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Intercolumniation — In ter*co*lum ni*a tion, n. (Arch.) The clear space between two columns, measured at the bottom of their shafts. Gwilt. [1913 Webster] Note: It is customary to measure the intercolumniation in terms of the diameter of the shaft, taken also at the …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intercolumniation — [in΄tərkə lum΄nē ā′shən] n. 1. the space between two columns, measured from their axes 2. the system of spacing a series of columns …   English World dictionary

  • Intercolumniation — The Four Books of Andrea Palladio s Architecture, London 1738 In architecture, intercolumniation is the spacing between columns in a colonnade, as measured at the bottom of their shafts.[1] In classical, Renaissance, and Baroque a …   Wikipedia

  • intercolumniation — noun Etymology: Latin intercolumnium space between two columns, from inter + columna column Date: 1624 1. the clear space between the columns of a series 2. the system of spacing of the columns of a colonnade …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • intercolumniation — noun a) The spaces between adjacent columns (of a colonnade) b) The system of such spacing …   Wiktionary

  • intercolumniation —    In architecture, the space or the system of spacing between columns in a colonnade …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • intercolumniation — [ˌɪntəkəlʌmnɪ eɪʃ(ə)n] noun Architecture the distance between adjacent columns. Derivatives intercolumnar adjective …   English new terms dictionary

  • intercolumniation — in·ter·co·lum·ni·a·tion …   English syllables

  • intercolumniation — in•ter•co•lum•ni•a•tion [[t]ˌɪn tər kəˌlʌm niˈeɪ ʃən[/t]] n. archit. 1) the space between two adjacent columns, esp. the clear space between the lower parts of the shafts 2) archit. the system of spacing between columns • Etymology: 1655–65; < …   From formal English to slang

  • intercolumniation — /ɪntəkəˌlʌmniˈeɪʃən/ (say intuhkuh.lumnee ayshuhn) noun 1. the space between two adjacent columns of a building, usually the clear space between the lower parts of the shafts. 2. the system of spacing between columns. {Latin intercolumnium space… …   Australian English dictionary

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