insula

/in"seuh leuh, ins"yeuh-/, n., pl. insulae /-lee'/. Anat.
a group of convolutions situated at the base of the lateral fissure of the brain. Also called Island of Reil.
[1825-35; < NL, L: island; cf. ISLE]

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      (Latin: “island”), in architecture, block of grouped but separate buildings or a single structure in ancient Rome and Ostia. The insulae were largely tenements providing economically practical housing where land values were high and population dense. Distinct from the domus, the upper-class private residence, they were inhabited primarily by the labouring class.

      Insulae were constructed of brick covered with concrete and were often five or more stories high despite laws limiting them to 68 feet (21 metres), under Augustus, and then 58 ft, under Trajan. The street level characteristically housed artisans' workshops and commercial establishments. The residences above were reached by an interior common staircase, receiving light and air from the street and an inner court. Many insulae were encircled with open or enclosed balconies of wood or concrete. Pumping devices could raise water only to lower apartments; tenants of higher apartments had to use public water and sanitary facilities. Cheap construction and a limited water supply caused frequent collapses and serious fires.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • insulă — ÍNSULĂ, insule, s.f. 1. Întindere de pământ înconjurată din toate părţile de apă, situată fie într un ocean, mare sau lac, fie în cadrul albiei unei ape curgătoare. ♦ fig. Grup de obiecte de acelaşi fel care se diferenţiază de mediul înconjurător …   Dicționar Român

  • insula — ● insula nom féminin (mot latin) À Rome, maison de rapport, divisée en logements (par opposition à la domus, maison particulière), ou îlot urbain délimité par le réseau des rues. (L insula était une vaste bâtisse, souvent en bois et torchis, de 7 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • insula — lóbulo de la corteza, llamada también ínsula de Reil. Es una eminencia de la corteza cerebral enterrada en las profundidades de la cisura lateral constituída por cuatro cincunvoluciones imagen anatómica [véase… …   Diccionario médico

  • Insula — may refer to: * Insular cortex, a human brain structure * The singular of insulae, Roman apartments for the low and middle classes * Ínsula Barataria , the governorship assigned to Sancho Panza as a prank in the novel Don Quixote …   Wikipedia

  • ínsula — (Del lat. insŭla). 1. f. Lugar pequeño o gobierno de poca entidad, a semejanza del encomendado a Sancho en el Quijote. 2. ant. isla …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Insŭla — (lat.), 1) Insel; Insŭlae atlantĭcae (I. Canariae, I. Fortunatae, I. Hesperĭdum, I. Planariae, a. Geogr.), so v.w. Canarische Inseln; I. Beatorum (I. Fortunatae), so v.w. Inseln der Seligen, s.u. Griechische Mythologie IV.; I. Hercŭlis, früherer… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Insŭla — (lat., »Insel«), im alten Rom Bezeichnung für ein mehrstöckiges Haus mit Mietswohnungen …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Insula — vgl. Insel …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • insula — Latin, literally an island (also, in ancient Rome, a block of buildings ); see ISLE (Cf. isle) …   Etymology dictionary

  • ínsula — s. f. Ilha …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • ínsula — sustantivo femenino 1. Uso/registro: literario. Isla …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

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