imprinting

/im prin"ting/, n. Animal Behav., Psychol.
rapid learning that occurs during a brief receptive period, typically soon after birth or hatching, and establishes a long-lasting behavioral response to a specific individual or object, as attachment to parent, offspring, or site.
[1937; IMPRINT + -ING1, trans. of G Prägung, K. Lorenz's term]

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Form of learning wherein a very young animal fixes its attention on the first object with which it has visual, auditory, or tactile experience and thereafter follows that object.

In nature, the object is almost always a parent; in experiments, other animals and inanimate objects have been used. Imprinting has been studied extensively only in birds, but a comparable form of learning apparently takes place among many mammals and some fishes and insects. Ducklings and chicks, which can imprint in a few hours, lose receptivity to imprinting stimuli within 30 hours of hatching.

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▪ learning behaviour
      in psychobiology, a form of learning in which a very young animal fixes its attention on the first object with which it has visual, auditory, or tactile experience and thereafter follows that object. In nature the object is almost invariably a parent; in experiments, other animals and inanimate objects have been used. Imprinting has been intensively studied only in birds (bird), especially chickens, ducks, and geese, but a comparable form of learning apparently occurs in the young of many mammals and some fishes and insects.

      In mallard ducklings and domestic chicks, imprinting can be accomplished in a few hours, but receptivity to imprinting stimuli vanishes at the age of about 30 hours.

      process of transferring writing from a master copy to another form. There are three basic methods of imprinting: (1) spirit hectograph master cards, (2) stencil cards, and (3) metal or plastic plates. Hectograph master cards are made with the aid of hectograph carbon, with the imprint transferred by means of a chemical solution. Up to 250 imprints may be made from a single master card. Stencil cards consist of small pieces of stencil tissue mounted in a cardboard frame. The copy to be imprinted is on the stencil tissue. Metal or plastic plates of various sizes may be embossed, with the text standing out in relief, on a special machine. Forms or envelopes are imprinted through an inked ribbon as the raised-image plates are fed through another machine, which operates automatically at high speed. The plates are practically indestructible.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Imprinting — may mean: * Genomic imprinting, a mechanism of regulating gene expression * Imprinting (psychology), in psychology and ethology * Molecular imprinting, in polymer chemistry * Metabolic imprinting, the phenomenon by which the metabolism of the… …   Wikipedia

  • imprinting — imprinting. = parental imprinting (см.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • imprinting — IMPRÍNTING s. n. 1. totalitatea modificărilor funcţionale pe care le suferă un cromozom atunci când se găseşte într un organism feminin sau masculin. 2. (psih.) impregnare, întipărire, fenomen elementar şi precoce de învăţare. (< engl.… …   Dicționar Român

  • imprinting — im*print ing, n. (Ethology, Psychology) The learning of a behavioral pattern that occurs soon after birth or hatching in certain animals, in which a long lasting response to an individual (such as a parent) or an object is rapidly acquired; it is …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • imprinting — imprinting. См. импринтинг. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • imprinting — /imˈprintin(g), ingl. ɪmˈprɪntɪŋ/ [vc. ingl., propriamente «impressione, stampa», da to imprint «stampare, imprimere»] s. m. inv. (biol.) impronta …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • imprinting — [im print′iŋ] n. Psychol. a learning mechanism operating very early in the life of an animal, in which a particular stimulus immediately establishes an irreversible behavior pattern with reference to the same stimulus in the future …   English World dictionary

  • Imprinting — Genomische Prägung (engl. genomic imprinting) bezeichnet das Phänomen, dass die Expression von Genen davon abhängen kann, von welchem Elternteil das Allel stammt. Dieses Vererbungsschema steht im Widerspruch zur klassischen mendelschen Vererbung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Imprinting — Ịmprinting   [zu englisch imprint »Abdruck«] das, s, genetischer Mechanismus, durch den von den beiden Allelen eines Gens nur eines, entweder das väterliche oder mütterliche, zur Expression (Genexpression) kommt. Das Imprinting erfolgt durch DNA …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Imprinting — Imprint Im*print , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Imptrinted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Imprinting}.] [OE. emprenten, F. empreint, p. p. of empreindre to imprint, fr. L. imprimere to impres, imprint. See 1st {In }, {Print}, and cf. {Impress}.] 1. To impress; to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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