Ictinus

/ik tuy"neuhs/, n.
fl. mid-5th century B.C., Greek architect, a designer of the Parthenon.

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▪ Greek architect
also spelled  Iktinos  
flourished 5th century BC
 
 Greek architect, one of the most celebrated of Athens, known for his work on the Parthenon on the Acropolis, the Temple of the Mysteries at Eleusis, and the Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae.

      According to Vitruvius (Ten Books on Architecture, preface to Book VII), Ictinus designed the Parthenon with Callicrates, although there is some speculation that they were not collaborators but actually rivals—that Ictinus continued the work begun by Callicrates. Ictinus was also involved in the rebuilding and enlargement of the Telestrion hall at the temple to Demeter and Persephone at Eleusis in collaboration with Coroebus, Metagenes, and Xenocles. The Telestrion hall, where the Eleusinian Mysteries were performed, was a square hall with rock-cut seats. Ictinus probably worked at Eleusis about 430 BC, sometime after he had completed his work on the Parthenon.

      The Temple of Apollo Epicurius at Bassae (in Arcadia, near Phigalia) was said to be modeled after the Temple of Athena Alea (by Scopas) at Tegea, the most beautiful temple in the Peloponnese, which incorporated the Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders (order) in novel ways. Most of the columns from the temple still stand. A sculptured Ionic frieze from the Temple of Apollo at Bassae, which has remained in fairly good condition, is among the treasures of the British Museum in London.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ictinus — [ik tī′nəs] 5th cent. B.C.; Gr. architect who designed the Parthenon …   English World dictionary

  • Ictinus — Ictinos Ictinos, Ictinus ou Iktinos est un architecte du Ve siècle av. J. C. qui a conçu avec Callicratès le Parthénon (447? 432 av. J. C.) à Athènes (Grèce). On ne connaît que très peu de choses sur la vie d Ictinos, la plupart des… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ictinus — biographical name 5th century B.C. Greek architect …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • ICTINUS —    great Greek architect of the 5th century B.C., a contemporary of Pericles, designer of temples at Bussæ and Eleusis, and joint designer with Callicrates of the world s one perfect building, the Parthenon, at Athens (437 B.C.) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Ictinus —  (fl. fifth c. bc) Greek architect, co designer with Callicrates of the Parthenon …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Ictinus — Ic•ti•nus [[t]ɪkˈtaɪ nəs[/t]] n. big fl. mid 5th century b.c., Greek architect: a designer of the Parthenon …   From formal English to slang

  • Ictinus — /ɪkˈtaɪnəs/ (say ik tuynuhs) noun fl. c. 440 BC Athenian architect; designer, with Callicrates, of the Parthenon …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ictinus — /ik tuy neuhs/, n. fl. mid 5th century B.C., Greek architect, a designer of the Parthenon …   Useful english dictionary

  • Milvus ictinus — Glede Glede (gl[=e]d), n. [AS. glida, akin to Icel. gle[eth]a, Sw. glada. Cf. {Glide}, v. i.] (Zo[ o]l.) The common European kite ({Milvus ictinus}). This name is also sometimes applied to the buzzard. [Written also {glead}, {gled}, {gleed},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Milvus ictinus — Kite Kite (k[imac]t), n. [OE. kyte, AS. c[=y]ta; cf. W. cud, cut.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any raptorial bird of the subfamily {Milvin[ae]}, of which many species are known. They have long wings, adapted for soaring, and usually a forked… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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