ice cream

a frozen food containing cream or milk and butterfat, sugar, flavoring, and sometimes eggs.
[1735-45]

* * *

Frozen dairy food.

Ice cream is made from cream or butterfat, milk, sugar, and flavourings. Fruit ices (nondairy frozen desserts) were introduced into Europe from the East sometime after being first described by Marco Polo in his journals. Creation of the first true cream ice is credited to a Parisian café owner named Tortoni in the late 18th century. The ice-cream cone originated at the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis, Mo., U.S. Commercial ice cream is made by heating and blending its ingredients to form a mix, which is then pasteurized and homogenized. The mix is ripened for several hours and then agitated while being frozen to incorporate air; the highest-quality ice creams incorporate the least air. Ice cream is now available in hundreds, if not thousands, of flavours.

* * *

  ice creamfrozen dairy food made from cream or butterfat, milk, sugar, and flavourings. Frozen custard and French-type ice creams also contain eggs. Hundreds of flavours have been devised, the most popular being vanilla, chocolate, and strawberry.

      Iced desserts were introduced into Europe from the East. Marco Polo brought back descriptions of fruit ices from his travels in China. Italian cooks developed recipes and techniques for making both water and milk ices; Buontalenti, one of the cooks taken to France by Catherine de Medici, first prepared such treats for the French court. In 1670 a Sicilian, Francisco Procopio, opened a café in Paris and began to sell ices and sherbets, which became so popular that by 1676 there were 250 ice makers in the capital. Tortoni, owner of a café in late-18th-century Paris, is credited with developing cream ices. In the United States, ice cream was served by George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and Dolley Madison. Philadelphia became the hub of ice-cream manufacture in the United States; the ice-cream soda was invented there in 1874. The ice-cream cone, portable and self-contained, originated at the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis, Mo., U.S.

      Commercial ice cream is made by combining, under constant agitation, the liquid ingredients (milk, cream, syrups, etc.). These liquids are heated and combined with dry ingredients (sugar, stabilizers, dried eggs or milk) to form a mix, which is then pasteurized and homogenized. The mix is ripened for several hours in a refrigerated vat, then combined with finely chopped fruit, nuts, or other solids. The mix is agitated while being frozen in order to incorporate air and control the size of the ice crystals that are formed. The partially frozen ice cream is drawn off into packages and frozen solid, or “hardened.” So-called soft-service ice cream was invented in 1939; it is served directly from the freezing machine without being allowed to harden.

      Homemade ice cream is often made with a base of boiled custard. The mix, with flavourings, is poured into a canister surrounded with ice and salt or a refrigerator unit. The contents of the canister are agitated by means of a hand crank or electric motor until the ice cream is softly frozen. The ice cream is usually allowed to harden further in a freezer.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ice-cream — ● ice cream, ice creams nom masculin (anglais ice cream) Crème glacée. ● ice cream, ice creams (difficultés) nom masculin (anglais ice cream) Orthographe Avec un trait d union. ⇒ICE CREAM, subst. masc. Crème glacée. Il y avait, comme c est l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ice cream — ice creams also ice cream 1) N MASS Ice cream is a very cold sweet food which is made from frozen cream or a substance like cream and has a flavour such as vanilla, chocolate, or strawberry. I ll get you some ice cream. ...vanilla ice cream. 2) N …   English dictionary

  • Ice cream — Ice Ice ([imac]s), n. [OE. is, iis, AS. [=i]s; aksin to D. ijs, G. eis, OHG. [=i]s, Icel. [=i]ss, Sw. is, Dan. iis, and perh. to E. iron.] 1. Water or other fluid frozen or reduced to the solid state by cold; frozen water. It is a white or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ice cream — S2 [ US ˈ. .] n 1.) [U] a frozen sweet food made of milk, cream, and sugar, with fruit, nuts, chocolate etc sometimes added to it ▪ vanilla ice cream 2.) a small amount of this food for one person ▪ Mummy, can I have an ice cream? …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • ice cream — (n.) 1744, earlier iced cream (1680s), from ICE (Cf. ice) (n.) + CREAM (Cf. cream) (n.) …   Etymology dictionary

  • ice cream — ☆ ice cream n. [orig., iced cream] a rich, sweet, creamy frozen food made from variously flavored cream and milk products churned or stirred to a smooth consistency during the freezing process and often containing gelatin, eggs, fruits, nuts, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Ice Cream — Album par Salad Sortie 1997 Durée 43 37 Genre Britpop Pop rock Producteur Donald Ross Skinner Label …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ice cream — noun uncount * a frozen sweet food made from cream or milk and sugar, often with fruit or chocolate added to flavor it …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • ice cream — ice′ cream n. coo a frozen dessert made with cream or milk, sugar, flavoring, and sometimes eggs • Etymology: 1735–45 …   From formal English to slang

  • ice cream — ► NOUN ▪ a semi soft frozen dessert made with sweetened and flavoured milk fat …   English terms dictionary

  • Ice cream — For other uses, see Ice cream (disambiguation). Ice cream or gelato in Rome, Italy …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.