(Cencio Savelli) died 1227, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1216-27.
* * *orig. Cencio Savelliborn Romedied March 18, 1227, RomePope (1216–27).He extended Innocent III's policies on church reform and the recovery of the Holy Land, proclaiming a Crusade to regain Jerusalem in 1216 (see Crusades). He crowned Frederick II as Holy Roman emperor (1220) but threatened to excommunicate him if he failed to join the Crusade. Honorius also undertook a Crusade against the Moors in Spain (1218) and settled the Barons' War in England (1223). He continued the Albigensian Crusade against the heretics of southern France. He approved the Dominican, Franciscan, and Carmelite orders and authorized the first official book of canon law.
* * *▪ popeoriginal name Cencio Savelliborn , Rome [Italy]died March 18, 1227, Romepope from 1216 to 1227, who is often considered one of the great administrators in papal history.A Roman aristocrat, he became treasurer of the Holy See in 1188. He was made cardinal priest by Pope Innocent III, whom he succeeded on July 18, 1216, and whose policies he developed, particularly on church reform and on the recovery of the Holy Land from the Muslims.Honorius immediately activated Innocent's plan, already endorsed by the fourth Lateran Council (1215), for a crusade to restore the kingdom of Jerusalem. The crusade was to be led by his former pupil, King Frederick II of Sicily, but Frederick evaded his vow because of a complex papal–imperial dispute over Sicily. The king opposed Honorius for perpetuating Innocent's desire to bring Sicily under the rule of the papacy. Having been twice crowned king of the Germans (1212 and 1215), and having had Honorius confirm the election of his nine-year-old son King Henry VII of Sicily as king of the Romans (1220), Frederick furthered his ultimate plan to unite all of Italy under imperial domination. In June 1219 quarreling Roman families forced Honorius to flee to Viterbo, Italy. Frederick reconciled the rebellious Romans with Honorius, who, despite his misgivings, crowned Frederick emperor in Rome on Nov. 22, 1220, and finally gave Frederick permission to keep the Holy Roman Empire and Sicily united. After Frederick repeatedly postponed the crusade, in 1225 Honorius threatened to excommunicate him if he did not embark on the crusade by August 1227; Frederick's crusade did not commence until after Honorius' death.Throughout his conflict with Frederick, Honorius adroitly managed to keep peace among quarreling Catholic states. He undertook a crusade in 1218 against the Moors in Spain, where he also kept peace between the feuding kings St. Ferdinand III of Castile and Alfonso IX of León. In 1223 he settled the Barons' War in England that followed the death of King John by threatening to excommunicate all who supported Prince Louis (later King Louis VIII) of France over John's nine-year-old son and papal vassal, King Henry III. In 1225 he brought about the release of King Valdemar II of Denmark, who had been imprisoned by Count Heinrich of Schwerin.In 1226 he bade Louis VIII direct the crusade begun by Innocent against the Albigenses, a heretical Christian sect, in southern France. Under Honorius, three new orders were approved: the Dominicans (1216), the Franciscans (1223), and the Carmelites (1226). Compilatio quinta (“Fifth Compilation”), a collection of his decretals, is regarded as the first official book of canon law. He also wrote lives of popes Celestine III and St. Gregory VII.
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Honorius III — Pope Honorius III † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Honorius III (Cencio Savelli) Born at Rome, date of birth unknown; died at Rome, 18 March, 1227. For a time he was canon at the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, then he became papal… … Catholic encyclopedia
HONORIUS III — Rom. prius Cencius Sabellus, successor Innoc. III. A. C. 1216. post ipsum in Scotos saeviit, Anglis et Francis exactionibus gravis. Ioh. Baleus l. 7. Matth. Paris. in Henr. Dominici ordinem confirmavit, officium Magistri S. Palatii fundavit,… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Honorius III. — Franz von Assisi predigt vor Honorius III. (Fresko von Giotto di Bondone, 1295–1300) Honorius III., eigentlich Cencio Savelli, (* um 1148 in Rom; † 18. März 1227 ebenda) war … Deutsch Wikipedia
Honorius III — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Honoré III. Honorius III Pape de l’Église catholique … Wikipédia en Français
Honorius III — (d. 1227) Pope. Honorius was born Censio Savelli in Rome, Italy. He became a Cardinal in 1193, was tutor to Frederick II and was elected Pope in 1216 in succession to Innocent III. He was greatly involved in the politics of Europe; he… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Honorius III — (Cencio Savelli) died 1227, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1216 27 … Useful english dictionary
Honorius III (pape) — Honorius III Pour les articles homonymes, voir Honoré III. Honorius III Pape de l’Église catholique romaine … Wikipédia en Français
Honorius III, Pope — • Born at Rome, date of birth unknown; died at Rome, 18 March, 1227 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Honorius III — Pope Honorius III † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Honorius III (Cencio Savelli) Born at Rome, date of birth unknown; died at Rome, 18 March, 1227. For a time he was canon at the church of Santa Maria Maggiore, then he became papal… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Honorius III — Infobox Pope English name=Honorius III birth name=Cencio term start=July 18, 1216 term end=March 18, 1227 predecessor=Innocent III successor=Gregory IX birth date=1148 birthplace= Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|1227|3|18|mf=y… … Wikipedia