died A.D. 638, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 625-638.
* * *▪ popeborn , Roman Campania [Italy]died Oct. 12, 638pope from 625 to 638 whose posthumous condemnation as a heretic subsequently caused extensive controversy on the question of papal infallibility.Nothing is known of his life before he became pope; he was elected to succeed Pope Boniface IV on Oct. 27, 625. Modeling his pontificate after Pope St. Gregory I the Great, he worked for the Christianization of the Anglo-Saxons, bestowing the pallium (i.e., the symbol of metropolitan jurisdiction) on Archbishop St. Honorius of Canterbury and Bishop St. Paulinus of York, inducing the Christian Celts to accept the Roman liturgy and date of Easter and dispatching St. Birinus (later bishop of Dorchester) to mission in the ancient English kingdom of Wessex.Influential in Italy, Honorius helped rescue Roman structures from ruin and sponsored a restoration program of important Christian edifices, including Santa Agnese Fuori le Mura. He ended the schism caused when Istria was among certain provinces refusing to accept the second Council (553) of Constantinople's condemnation of (Constantinople, Council of) the Three Chapters, a massive theological controversy between West and East over the Nestorian church. In cooperation with several church councils, Honorius reorganized the church in Spain's recently converted Visigothic kingdom.The crux of Honorius' pontificate was his role in the Byzantine church's controversy concerning monophysitism, a heresy teaching that Christ has only one nature rather than two (i.e., human and divine), and monothelitism, a related heresy maintaining that Christ has only one will. When in 634 Patriarch Sergius of Constantinople called for an end to the controversy and proposed that both East and West support the doctrine of “one will” in Christ, Honorius replied by referring to the Council of Chalcedon's confession of faith (451), which held that Christ's natures were indivisible and which he interpreted as meaning a single will in Christ. He then forbade further discussion on the subject.In 680 the third Council of Constantinople was summoned by the Byzantine emperor Constantine IV Pogonatus to settle the controversy, which still raged. Because the council decreed that Christ had two wills, Honorius' doctrine was condemned as being pro-monothelitic. Pope St. Leo II (Leo II, Saint) confirmed the condemnation in 682, saying that Honorius “allowed the immaculate faith to be stained” by teaching not “in accord with apostolic tradition.” Refusing to accept Honorius' doctrine, his successors condemned monothelitism, thus straining relations between Rome and Constantinople. Further, his questionable orthodoxy was revived and used by opponents of papal infallibility at the first Vatican Council (1869–70). Honorius' defenders denied that his statements were official, maintaining that his teaching was imprudent rather than heretical, and many scholars believe that it is debatable whether he was a heretic. They hold that he seems to have misunderstood the point at issue, noting that his language is partially vague.
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Honorius I — Pope Honorius I † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Honorius I Pope (625 12 October, 638), a Campanian, consecrated 27 October (Duchesne) or 3 November (Jaffé, Mann), in succession to Boniface V. His chief notoriety has come to him from… … Catholic encyclopedia
Honorius IV — Pope Honorius IV † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Honorius IV (Giacomo Savelli) Born at Rome about 1210; died at Rome, 3 April, 1287. He belonged to the rich and influential family of the Savelli and was a grandnephew of Honorius… … Catholic encyclopedia
Honorius — may refer to: * Honorius (emperor) (Flavius Augustus Honorius), western Roman emperor 395 423 * Honorius of Canterbury (Saint Honorius), archbishop of Canterbury 627 655 * Honoratus of Amiens (Saint Honorius of Amiens), bishop of Amiens * Pope… … Wikipedia
Honorius — (lat. der Ehrenvolle) ist der Name folgender Personen: Honorius Augustodunensis († um 1151), Kirchenschriftsteller Honorius von Amiens († um 600), Bischof von Amiens Honorius von Brescia († 586), Bischof von Brescia Honorius von Canterbury (†… … Deutsch Wikipedia
HONORIUS° — HONORIUS°, name of four popes. HONORIUS I, pope 625–38. In a letter addressed to the episcopate of Spain which has not been preserved but the contents of which are known from the reply of Braulion, bishop of Saragossa, Honorius rebuked the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Honorius II — Pope Honorius II † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Honorius II (Lamberto Scannabecchi) Born of humble parents at Fagnano near Imola at an unknown date; died at Rome, 14 February, 1130. For a time he was Archdeacon of Bologna. On… … Catholic encyclopedia
HONORIUS (F.) — HONORIUS FLAVIUS (384 423) empereur d’Occident (395 423) Frère cadet d’Arcadius et fils de Théodose le Grand et de Aelia Flacilla, il reçoit en partage, du vivant de son père, l’occident de l’Empire romain, en 393, à l’âge de neuf ans, en même… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Honorius I. — Honorius I. (Mosaik aus Sant’Agnese fuori le mura, Mitte 7. Jahrhundert) Honorius I. († 638) war Papst vom 3. November 625 bis zum 12. Oktober 638. Sein Name bedeutet „der Ehrenhafte“. Es heißt, dass das Fest der Erhebung des Kreuzes (Fest der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Honorius IV — Pape de l’Église catholique Nom de naissance Giacomo Savelli … Wikipédia en Français
Honorius II. — Honorius II. ist der Name folgender Personen: Honorius II. (Gegenpapst) (bürgerlich Pietro Cadalus von Parma, † 1072), Gegenpapst von 1061 bis 1064 Honorius II. (Papst) (bürgerlich Lamberto Scannabecchi; * um 1060, † 1130), Papst von 1124 bis… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Honorĭus  — Honorĭus, Name von vier (fünf) Päpsten: 1) H. I. aus Kampanien gebürtig, ward 625 erwählt, starb 12. Okt. 638. Weil er im monotheletischen Streit (s. Monotheleten) die Lehre von dem Einen Willen Christi gebilligt hatte, wurde er auf dem sechsten… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon