/hohl"stuyn, -steen/; for 2 also Ger. /hohl"shtuyn'/, n.
1. Also called Holstein-Friesian /hohl"stuyn free"zheuhn, -steen-/. one of a breed of black-and-white dairy cattle, raised originally in North Holland and Friesland, that yields large quantities of milk having a low content of butterfat.
2. a region in N Germany, at the base of the peninsula of Jutland: a former duchy. Cf. Schleswig-Holstein.

* * *


Breed of large dairy cattle that originated in northern Holland and Friesland.

Its chief characteristics are its large size and black-and-white-spotted markings, sharply defined rather than blended. Probably selected for their dairy qualities с 2,000 years ago, they have long been distributed over the fertile lowlands of continental Europe. In the U.S., Holsteins outnumber all other dairy breeds and produce 90% of the milk supply. Their milk has a relatively low butterfat content.
(as used in expressions)
Holstein Friesian
Holstein Friedrich August von
Schleswig Holstein
Schleswig Holstein Question
Karl Peter Ulrich duke von Holstein Gottorp
Anne Louise Germaine Necker Baroness de Staë l Holstein

* * *

      historic and cultural region occupying the southern Jutland Peninsula between the Eider and Elbe rivers, now comprising the southern half of Schleswig-Holstein Land (state) in northern Germany. Holstein was created as a county of the Holy Roman Empire in 1111. It came under a personal union with the Danish king in 1459, an arrangement which caused much unrest among the German majority. In 1474 Holstein was raised to the rank of a duchy in the Holy Roman Empire and after 1815 in the German Confederation. Attempts by Denmark to annex Holstein and Schleswig led to war with Austria and Prussia in 1864. Denmark was defeated and, as a result, Holstein was annexed by Prussia and incorporated with Schleswig as a single Prussian province by the Peace of Prague (1866).

      The people of Holstein are mostly descendants of the Saxons and speak a Low German dialect. More than 85 percent are Protestants. The predominant rural settlement pattern in the marshlands along the North Sea coast and Elbe River is one of linear villages (Marschhufendörfer) situated along interior dikes and canals, with their fields extending at right angles in long narrow strips. In the eastern farming zone along the Baltic coast compact villages, small hamlets, and large estates dominate. Farms of the less fertile central Geest region are dispersed. The traditional single-story Saxon farmhouse is characteristic of Holstein. One vast, steeply sloping roof houses the Diele, a large threshing floor running through the building, and the living quarters and stables on either side. The Diele is entered through a large gateway at the gable end of the building.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hölstein — Basisdaten Staat: Schweiz Kanton …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hölstein — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hölstein — Une vue d ensemble de la commune serait la bienvenue Administration Pays Suisse Canton Bâle Campagne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Holstein [2] — Holstein (Gesch.). In H. wohnten Anfangs Haruder, deren Name vielleicht gleichbedeutend mit Holsten od. Holtinger (d.i. Waldbewohner) ist; das Land hieß daher Holtseduland (Holzsassenland); im Mittelalter hieß H. Nordalbingia od. Saxonia… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Holstein — Holstein, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 229 Housing Units (2000): 99 Land area (2000): 0.223694 sq. miles (0.579364 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.223694 sq. miles (0.579364… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Holstein [1] — Holstein (lat. Holsatia), ehemaliges Herzogtum, bildet jetzt den südlichen Teil der preußischen Provinz Schleswig Holstein (s. d., mit Karte), liegt zwischen der Elbe, Eider, Trave, Nordsee und Ostsee und umfaßt die vier alten Landschaften… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Holstein — Holstein, ehemal. Herzogtum in Norddeutschland, zwischen Eider, Unterelbe, Ost und Nordsee, durch Eider und Kaiser Wilhelm Kanal von Schleswig getrennt, bildet seit 1866 den südl. Teil der preuß. Prov. Schleswig H. [Karte: Nordwestdeutschland I,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Holstein — Holstein, Herzogthum des nördlichen Deutschlands, zu Dänemark gehörig, macht den Fuß der jütländischen Halbinsel aus, welche jenes Königreich mit Deutschland verbindet. Das Land flacht sich zu beiden Seiten gegen das Meer ab, hat herrliche… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Holstein [1] — Holstein, Herzogthum in Norddeutschland, begrenzt von der Eider, Ostsee, einem Theil des oldenburgischen Fürstenthums Lübeck, dem lübeckschen Gebiet, dem Herzogthum Lauenburg, dem Amte Bergedorf, dem hamburgischen Gebiet, der Elbe u. der Nordsee; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Holstein — Holstein, dem Könige von Dänemark gehöriges deutsches Herzogthum, gränzt an Schleswig, die Ostsee, Lübeck, Lauenburg, Hamburg, Hannover, die Nordsee, ist 154 QM. groß mit 484000 E. Es wird von Süd nach Nord von einem niedern Höhenzuge in 2… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Holstein, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 1470 Housing Units (2000): 674 Land area (2000): 1.446875 sq. miles (3.747389 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.009199 sq. miles (0.023826 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.456074 sq. miles (3.771215 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.