/hee'neuh yah"neuh/, n.
earlier of the two great schools of Buddhism, still prevalent in Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, and Cambodia, emphasizing personal salvation through one's own efforts. Also called Theravada. Cf. Mahayana.
[1865-70; < Skt, equiv. to hina lesser, inferior + yana vehicle]

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Name given to the more conservative schools of Buddhism.

A Sanskrit word meaning "Lesser Vehicle" (because it is concerned with the individual's salvation), it was first applied pejoratively to the established Buddhist schools by followers of the more liberal Mahayana ("Greater Vehicle," because it is concerned with universal salvation) tradition. The ancient Hinayana schools continued to prosper after the rise of the Mahayana in the 1st century AD, but Theravada Buddhism was the only Hinayana school that maintained a strong position after the collapse of Indian Buddhism in the 13th century.

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      (Sanskrit: “Lesser Vehicle”), the more orthodox, conservative schools of Buddhism; the name Hīnayāna was applied to these schools by the followers of the Mahāyāna (Mahayana) Buddhist tradition in ancient India. The name reflected the Mahāyānists' evaluation of their own tradition as a superior method, surpassing the others in universality and compassion; but the name was not accepted by the conservative schools as referring to a common tradition.

      In one sense, all of the so-called 18 schools of ancient Buddhism are Hīnayānist, in that they predate the emergence of Mahāyāna ideas as a separate doctrine. The modern upholders of the ancient Hīnayāna tradition are the Theravādins (followers of the Way of the Elders), who are but one of the 18 ancient schools. See Theravāda (Theravada).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hinayana — Hīnayāna (Chinese: 小乘 Xiǎochèng ; Korean: 소승 Soseung ; Japanese: Shōjō ; Vietnamese: Tiểu thừa , bo|t=ཐེག་ཅུང་|w=, Mongolian: бага хөлгөн, baga kölgen ) is a Sanskrit and Pali term literally meaning:, the low vehicle , the inferior vehicle , or… …   Wikipedia

  • Hinayana — (Sanskrit, n., हीनयान, hīnayāna, „kleines Fahrzeug“) ist eine als abwertend betrachtete Bezeichnung des Mahayana Buddhismus für alle nicht zum Mahayana gehörenden Strömungen des Buddhismus. Sie bezieht sich vorwiegend auf den Theravada.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hinayana — HINAYÁNA s. (bis.) theravada. Trimis de siveco, 05.08.2004. Sursa: Sinonime  HINAYÁNA s. f. denumire a budismului timpuriu şi a orientării rămase fidelă acestuia; theravada. (< sancr. hinayana, calea îngustă a mântuirii) Trimis de raduborza,… …   Dicționar Român

  • Hinayana — n. 1. a major school of Buddhism teaching personal salvation through one s own efforts. [WordNet 1.5] 2. one of two great schools of Buddhist doctrine emphasizing personal salvation through one s own efforts; chiefly in Sri Lanka (Ceylon);… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hinayana — ● hinayana Mot sanskrit signifiant Petit Véhicule, donné par les tenants de la tradition bouddhiste mahayana (Grand Véhicule) aux écoles plus conservatrices. Hinayana V. bouddhisme …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hinayana — [hē΄nə yä′nə] n. [Sans hīnayāna, lit., lesser vehicle] the oldest major movement or school in Buddhism, found especially in Sri Lanka and SE Asia: it emphasizes the attainment of nirvana through meditation and monastic discipline …   English World dictionary

  • Hinayāna — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hinayana — Bouddhisme hīnayāna Religions Védisme Brahmanisme Hindouisme Ajîvika Jaï …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hinayana — Hi|na|ya|na 〈n.; od. s; unz.〉 die ältere, südliche Form des Buddhismus; →a. Mahajana [Sanskrit, „kleines Fahrzeug“] * * * Hi|na|ya|na, Hinajana, das; [sanskr. hīnayāna = kleines Fahrzeug (der Erlösung)]: strenge, nur mönchische Richtung des… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hinayana — Nombre dado a las escuelas más conservadoras del budismo. Palabra sánscrita que significa Pequeño vehículo (porque se ocupa de la salvación individual), fue aplicada primero peyorativamente a las escuelas budistas establecidas por los seguidores… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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