- /huy"leuhnd/, n.1. a region in N Scotland, including a number of the Inner Hebrides. 182,044; 9710 sq. mi. (25,148 sq. km).2. a city in NW Indiana, near Chicago. 25,935.3. Brit. See West Highland.
* * *council area in northern Scotland, forming the northernmost extension of the Scottish mainland between the Atlantic Ocean in the west and the North Sea in the east. It extends from the northern Grampian Mountains in the south to the Pentland Firth (which separates it from the Orkney Islands) in the north, and it includes several islands of the Inner Hebrides, including Skye and the Small Islands. It encompasses the historic counties of Caithness, Sutherland, and Nairnshire, the historic region of Ross and Cromarty, the historic county of Inverness-shire (except for the parts of Ross and Cromarty and Inverness-shire that lie in the Outer Hebrides), and parts of the historic counties of Moray and Argyllshire. The Highland council area comprises the northern portion of the Scottish Highlands. Highland, the largest administrative unit in the United Kingdom, covers nearly one-third of Scotland's total area, but, with less than one-twentieth of Scotland's population, it has the lowest population density in the United Kingdom. Inverness is the council area's administrative centre.The area's rugged landscape consists of a plateau deeply dissected by glacier-scoured valleys, many of them containing lochs (lakes). The largest valley is Glen Mor (the name means “Great Valley” in Gaelic), partly occupied by Loch Ness (Ness, Loch). Several mountain ranges, including the Cairngorm Mountains and Cuillin Hills, rise above the level of the plateau, with elevations exceeding 3,000 feet (900 metres). The Highland area includes the highest point in the United Kingdom, Ben Nevis, with an elevation of 4,406 feet (1,343 metres). The plateau terminates in sheer cliffs along much of the coastline, which is indented by deep sea inlets, generally known as firths along the North Sea coast (including Dornoch Firth and Cromarty Firth) and as sea lochs along the Atlantic coast (such as Loch Broom and Loch Linnhe). The Highland council area is one of the wettest parts of the United Kingdom. The highest peaks can receive as much as 200 inches (5,100 mm) of precipitation per year, and average annual precipitation exceeds 60 inches (1,500 mm) in the western hills and along much of the Atlantic coast. The North Sea coast is drier, with average annual precipitation of about 30 inches (750 mm). The moderating influence of the surrounding seas produces a mild climate. Winters are warm for the latitude, with January temperatures averaging above freezing except in the mountains of the interior, and summers are cool, with temperatures seldom rising above 68 °F (20 °C).Across much of the Highland council area, crofting (small-scale farming, largely for subsistence) and fishing dominated the traditional economy. However, during the “Highland clearances” (c. 1810–20) landlords forcibly evicted thousands of crofters to create large estates devoted to extensive sheep farming. This was the beginning of rural depopulation, a trend that continues in much of the region. Crofting continues in many rural areas, but many crofters supplement their income by producing handicrafts for sale or by working at jobs in industry or tourism.The main agricultural activity is livestock raising, particularly beef and dairy cattle in low-lying areas and sheep in the more rugged hills. The chief crops are hay and oats, mainly for fodder, and some barley and potatoes for human consumption. Fishing remains important in ports such as Wick, Kinlochbervie, and Ullapool, but commercial fish farming, particularly of salmon, has become more important to the local economy, especially on the Isle of Skye and other parts of the Atlantic coast. The main industries involve food processing, including fish processing and whisky distilling. In Inverness and other towns along Moray Firth, firms construct drilling platforms and produce other goods and services for the North Sea oil industry.The largest single economic sector in the Highland area is tourism. The town of Aviemore, at the foot of the Cairngorm Mountains, is a centre for skiing and other winter sports, and many other towns and villages provide accommodations for visitors attracted by rugged mountain scenery, river salmon fishing, the picturesque coastline, and various cultural activities. Area 9,770 square miles (25,304 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 215,310.
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Highland — or Highlands has the following meanings: *Highland (geography), an elevated mountainous regioncotland*Scottish Highlands *Highland (council area) and former regionEthiopia*Ethiopian HighlandsPapua New Guinea*Eastern Highlands *Southern Highlands… … Wikipedia
Highland — Highland, AR U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 986 Housing Units (2000): 501 Land area (2000): 8.744285 sq. miles (22.647594 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.054808 sq. miles (0.141953 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.799093 sq. miles (22.789547… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Highland — bezeichnet: eine Landschaft in Schottland, siehe Highlands eine Hochebene in Nova Scotia, siehe Cape Breton Highlands eine Unitary Authority (Verwaltungseinheit) und frühere Region in Schottland, siehe Highland (Unitary Authority) eine… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Highland — / Gàidhealtachd Consejo unitario de Escocia Situación de Highland en Escocia. Capital … Wikipedia Español
Highland, IN — U.S. town in Indiana Population (2000): 23546 Housing Units (2000): 9925 Land area (2000): 6.868214 sq. miles (17.788592 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.023033 sq. miles (0.059655 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.891247 sq. miles (17.848247 sq. km) FIPS … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Highland, AR — U.S. city in Arkansas Population (2000): 986 Housing Units (2000): 501 Land area (2000): 8.744285 sq. miles (22.647594 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.054808 sq. miles (0.141953 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.799093 sq. miles (22.789547 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Highland, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 44605 Housing Units (2000): 14858 Land area (2000): 13.626923 sq. miles (35.293568 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.170446 sq. miles (0.441454 sq. km) Total area (2000): 13.797369 sq. miles (35.735022 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Highland, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 8438 Housing Units (2000): 3610 Land area (2000): 5.405171 sq. miles (13.999329 sq. km) Water area (2000): 1.018198 sq. miles (2.637121 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.423369 sq. miles (16.636450 sq. km) FIPS … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Highland, KS — U.S. city in Kansas Population (2000): 976 Housing Units (2000): 344 Land area (2000): 0.529677 sq. miles (1.371856 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.529677 sq. miles (1.371856 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Highland, NY — U.S. Census Designated Place in New York Population (2000): 5060 Housing Units (2000): 1980 Land area (2000): 4.714428 sq. miles (12.210311 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.353942 sq. miles (0.916705 sq. km) Total area (2000): 5.068370 sq. miles… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Highland, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 283 Housing Units (2000): 115 Land area (2000): 0.165160 sq. miles (0.427763 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.165160 sq. miles (0.427763 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places