Hezekiah

/hez'euh kuy"euh/, n.
a king of Judah of the 7th and 8th centuries B.C. II Kings 18.
[ < Heb hizqiyyah lit., Yahweh strengthens]

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flourished late 8th and early 7th centuries BC

King of Judah at Jerusalem.

The dates of his reign are uncertain but are often given as 715–686 BC. He was a reformer who tried to discourage foreign cults and assert the religious traditions of Israel during a time of Assyrian supremacy. The rebellion that broke out in Palestine с 703 BC was probably led by Hezekiah. Though he fortified Jerusalem, other cities of Judah fell, and the revolt was put down in 701 BC. The Assyrians demanded a heavy tribute of gold, but tradition holds that a plague devastated the Assyrian army and Jerusalem was spared.

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▪ king of Judah
Hebrew  Ḥizqiyya , Greek  Ezekias 
flourished late 8th and early 7th centuries BC

      son of Ahaz, and the 13th successor of David as king of Judah at Jerusalem. The dates of his reign are often given as about 715 to about 686 BC, but inconsistencies in biblical and Assyrian (Assyria) cuneiform records have yielded a wide range of possible dates.

      Hezekiah reigned at a time when the Assyrian empire was consolidating its control of Palestine and Syria. His father had placed Judah under Assyrian suzerainty in 735 BC. Hezekiah may have taken part in a rebellion against King Sargon II of Assyria (reigned 721–705 BC), which the Assyrians apparently crushed in the year 710. At the accession of Sennacherib (705–681 BC), further rebellions broke out all over the Assyrian empire. Hezekiah may have been the leader of the rebellion in Palestine, which included the city-states of Ascalon and Ekron and gained the support of Egypt. In preparing for the inevitable Assyrian campaign to retake Palestine, Hezekiah strengthened the defenses of his capital, Jerusalem, and dug out the famous Siloam tunnel (2 Kings 20:20, 2 Chronicles 32:30), which brought the water of the Gihon springs to a reservoir inside the city wall.

      Sennacherib finally put down the rebellion in 701 BC, overrunning Judah, taking 46 of its walled cities, and placing much conquered Judaean territory under the control of neighbouring states. While Sennacherib was besieging the city of Lachish, Hezekiah sought to spare Jerusalem itself from capture by paying a heavy tribute of gold and silver to the Assyrian king, who nevertheless demanded the city's unconditional surrender. At this point Jerusalem was saved by a miraculous plague that decimated the Assyrian army. This event gave rise to the belief in Judah that Jerusalem was inviolable, a belief that lasted until the city fell to the Babylonians a century later. Contradictory dates for Sennacherib's invasion are given in the Book of Kings, and he may possibly have invaded Judah a second time near the close of Hezekiah's reign.

      In his religious reforms, Hezekiah asserted Judah's inherited Hebrew traditions and practices against imported cults of the Assyrian gods. He thus tried to achieve both political and religious independence for Judah, but the catastrophe of 701 BC left among his people an unmistakable yearning for an ideal king who would restore the golden age of David.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • HEZEKIAH — (early third century C.E.), Palestinian amora; at times referred to as Beribbi (Ḥul. 57a). He was the son of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hezekiah — oder Hezqeyas (* vor 1789; † 13. September 1813 [1]) war vom 26. Juli 1789 bis Januar 1794 Negus Negest (Kaiser) von Äthiopien sowie ein Mitglied der Solomonischen Dynastie. Er war der Sohn von Iyasu III. Hezekiah rückte gemeinsam mit seinen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Hezekiah — masc. proper name, biblical, from Heb. Hizqiyya, lit. the Lord has strengthened, from hazaq he was strong, he strengthened + jah, short for YAHWEH (Cf. yahweh) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Hezekiah — [hez΄i kī′ə] n. [Heb ḥizqīyāh, lit., God strengthens] Bible a king of Judah in the time of Isaiah: 2 Kings 18 20 …   English World dictionary

  • Hezekiah — Infobox Monarch name = Hezekiah title = King of Judah reign = coronation = predecessor =Ahaz successor = Manasseh suc type = heir = consort = Hephzibah issue = Manasseh royal house = House of David royal anthem = father = mother = date of birth …   Wikipedia

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