- /hee jaz"/; Arab. /he zhahz"/, n.Hijaz.Also, Hedjaz.
* * *Region of western Saudi Arabia.It occupies an area of 134,600 sq mi (348,600 sq km) along the Red Sea coast of the Arabian Peninsula, from Jordan to ʽAsīr province. Its northern portion was inhabited by the 6th century BC. In the 7th century AD two of its cities, Mecca and Medina, were the birthplace of Islam; they remain Islam's holiest cities. In 1258 the region fell to the Mamlūk dynasty and in 1517 to the Ottomans. In 1916 Sharif Husayn ibn Alī revolted and proclaimed himself king of the Hejaz. Ibn Saūd, the ruler of Nejd, assumed the title in 1926, and in 1932 he united Hejaz, Nejd, and other districts to form the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
* * *region of western Saudi Arabia, along the mountainous Red Sea coast of the Arabian Peninsula from Jordan on the north to Asir region on the south. The northern part of the province was occupied as early as the 6th century BC, when the Chaldean kings of Babylon maintained Taymāʾ as a summer capital. Later the Hejaz became a part of the Nabataean kingdom (100 BC–AD 200), the centre of which was Madāʾin Ṣāliḥ. The province was again under control of Baghdad until 1258, when it fell to the Egyptians. In 1517 it was occupied by the Turks. Nominal rule, however, remained in the hands of the sharīfs (“nobles”) of Mecca until the religious upheavals at the beginning of the 19th century, when the holy cities were raided by the fundamentalist Wahhābī Muslims. The Ottomans directly controlled the Hejaz after 1845 and built (1900–08) the Damascus–Medina railroad to unify their domain. In 1916, during World War I, Sharīf Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī, who claimed lineal descent from the Prophet Muḥammad, revolted against Turkish rule, destroyed the railroad, and proclaimed himself the king of Hejaz. Ḥusayn's reign ended in 1924, when he abdicated in the face of a Wahhābī invasion, and in 1925 his son and successor, ʿAlī, also abdicated and left the country.Ibn Saʿūd, the sultan of Najd, assumed the title king of Hejaz in 1926, and in 1932 Hejaz, Najd, and other districts under his control were united to form the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.The economy of the region, once dependent on gold mining, is now based on pilgrimage spending, light industries (particularly at Jidda), commerce, a limited agricultural production of dates and cereals, and the wealth generated from the oil deposits of eastern Arabia. In addition to the two holy cities of Mecca and Medina, the principal centres are Jidda, the largest Red Sea port, aṭ-Ṭāʾif (a summer resort), and Yanbuʿ (Medina's port).
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Hejaz — [he jaz′, hējaz′; hejäz′, hējäz′] region of Saudi Arabia: formerly a kingdom … English World dictionary
HEJAZ — (Ar. Ḥijāz), a region N.W. of present day saudi arabia , from the Gulf of Aqabah in the north to Asir in the south along the Red Sea. The narrow coastal stripe (Tihāmah) is a dry, barren land, while the mountain chain (2100–2400 m and peaks… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Hejaz — al Hejaz (also Hijaz, Hedjaz; ar. الحجاز al Ḥiǧāz , literally the barrier ) is a region in the west of present day Saudi Arabia. Defined mostly by the Red Sea, it extends from Haql on the Gulf of Aqaba to Jizan. Its main city is Jeddah, but it is … Wikipedia
Hejaz — (al Hijāz) ► Región del O de Arabia Saudí, en la costa del mar Rojo; 2 000 000 h. Cap., La Meca. Dátiles y cereales. Además de La Meca, en ella se halla la también c. sagrada de Medina. * * * o Heyaz árabe Al FONT face=TahomaḤijāz Región… … Enciclopedia Universal
Hejaz — /hiˈdʒæz/ (say hee jaz) noun a former independent kingdom in western Arabia, bordering on the Red Sea, now forming a part of Saudi Arabia; the holy cities of Islam, Mecca and Medina are in Hejaz. About 388 500 km2. Capital: Mecca. Arabic, Al… … Australian English dictionary
Hejaz — or Al Ḩijāz geographical name region W Saudi Arabia on Red Sea; a viceroyalty capital Mecca area 134,600 square miles (348,614 square kilometers), population 1,400,000 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Hejaz — Hedjaz Le Hedjaz est une région du nord ouest de l actuelle Arabie saoudite ; sa principale ville est Djeddah, mais la cité la plus connue est La Mecque, ainsi que Médine. Cette région fut contrôlée tour à tour durant la majeure partie de… … Wikipédia en Français
Hejaz — noun The mountainous area of northwest Saudi Arabia which gave rise to early Islam and which contains the sites of many holy places … Wiktionary
HEJAZ, EL — the holy land of the Moslems, a district of Arabia Felix, and so called by containing the sacred cities of Mecca and Medina … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Hejaz — div., W Saudi Arabia; 150,000 sq. mi.; pop. 1,754,000; cap. Mecca … Webster's Gazetteer