- /has"i diz'euhm, hah"si-/, n. Judaism.the principles and practices of the Hasidim.Also, Hassidism, Chasidism, Chassidism.[HASID + -ISM]
* * *Pietistic and mystical movement in Judaism that originated in 18th-century Poland.It was a reaction against rigid legalism and Talmudic learning in favour of a joyful form of worship that served as a spiritual outlet for the common people. Hasidism began with the preaching of the man later known as the Baal Shem Tov. Teaching that God was immanent in all things and that piety was more important than scholarship, he won followers known as Hasidim ("loyalists"). Dov Baer founded the first Hasidic community с 1710, and countless small communities soon sprang up in Poland, Russia, Lithuania, and Palestine, each led by a zaddik. Communal services were marked by dancing, shouting, and singing, through which participants reached a state of spiritual ecstasy. Though excommunicated from Orthodox Judaism in 1772, the Hasidim continued to flourish. By the 19th century Hasidism had become an ultraconservative movement that was accepted by the Orthodox as legitimate. Huge numbers of Hasidim fell victim to the Holocaust, but their survivors established vital movements in Israel and the U.S. The Lubavitcher sect, based in Brooklyn, N.Y., numbers about 200,000.
* * *▪ medieval Jewish religious movementalso spelled Chasidism(from Hebrew ḥasid, “pious one”), a 12th- and 13th-century Jewish religious movement in Germany that combined austerity with overtones of mysticism. It sought favour with the common people, who had grown dissatisfied with formalistic ritualism and had turned their attention to developing a personal spiritual life, as reflected in the movement's great work, Sefer Ḥasidim.The leaders of the movement were Samuel ben Kalonymos, the Ḥasid; Judah ben Samuel, the Ḥasid of Regensburg (his son); and Eleazar ben Judah of Worms. All these men were members of the Kalonymos family that had migrated from Italy, imbued with knowledge of occultism and versed in Kabbalistic traditions connected with the mystical contemplation of “the throne of God” (merkava, literally, “chariot”; Ezekiel 1). Efforts to experience the mystical presence of God, however, were based on humility and love of God rather than on merkava-like visions. Excessive penitential practices gave the movement a sombreness that was entirely lacking in the far more significant Ḥasidic movement that arose in 18th-century Poland.
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ḤASIDISM — ḤASIDISM, a popular religious movement giving rise to a pattern of communal life and leadership as well as a particular social outlook which emerged in Judaism and Jewry in the second half of the 18th century. Ecstasy, mass enthusiasm, close knit … Encyclopedia of Judaism
hasidism — hasidísm s. n. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic HASIDÍSM s. n. 1. curent religios din sec. II. a. Chr. care se opunea înlocurii monoteismului mozaic printr un cult elenistic politeist. 2. sectă mistică mozaică,… … Dicționar Român
HASIDISM — Hebrew term for PIETY or the pious. In the eighteenth century it became associated with an Eastern European JEWISH sect founded by RABBI ISRAEL ben Eliezer. It reacted against what it saw as the arid interpretation of the TALMUD by RABBIS and… … Concise dictionary of Religion
Hasidism — noun 1. a sect of Orthodox Jews that arose out of a pietistic movement originating in eastern Europe in the second half of the 18th century; a sect that follows the Mosaic law strictly • Syn: ↑Hasidim, ↑Hassidim, ↑Chasidim, ↑Chassidim • Hypernyms … Useful english dictionary
Hasidism — noun Date: 1893 1. the practices and beliefs of the Hasidim 2. the Hasidic movement … New Collegiate Dictionary
hasidism — n. principles and practices of the mystical Jewish sect founded in 18th century Poland by Baal Shem Tov … English contemporary dictionary
Hasidism — [ hasɪˌdɪz(ə)m] (also Chasidism, Chassidism, or Hassidism) noun a mystical Jewish movement founded in Poland in the 18th century, represented today by fundamentalist communities in Israel and New York … English new terms dictionary
hasidism — has·i·dism … English syllables
Neo-Hasidism — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism … Wikipedia
Chabad Hasidism — noun a form of Hasidism practiced by Lithuanian and Russian Jews under communist rule; the beliefs and practices of the Lubavitch movement • Syn: ↑Chabad • Hypernyms: ↑Hasidism, ↑Hassidism, ↑Chasidism, ↑Chassidism … Useful english dictionary