harquebus

/hahr"kweuh beuhs/, n., pl. harquebuses.
any of several small-caliber long guns operated by a matchlock or wheel-lock mechanism, dating from about 1400.
Also, harquebuse, harquebuss, arquebus. Also called hackbut, hagbut.
[1525-35; < MF harquebusche (with intrusive -r-) < MD hakebusse, equiv. to hake hook + busse gun (lit., box) < LL buxis for L buxus BOX1]

* * *

weapon
also spelled  arquebus , also called  hackbut 

      first gun fired from the shoulder, a smoothbore matchlock with a stock resembling that of a rifle. The harquebus was invented in Spain in the mid-15th century. It was often fired from a support, against which the recoil was transferred from a hook on the gun. Its name seems to derive from German words meaning “hooked gun.” The bore varied, and its effective range was less than 650 feet (200 m). The harquebus was superseded by the larger musket (q.v.) in the mid-16th century.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Harquebus — Har que*bus Harquebuse Har que*buse (h[aum]r kw[ e]*b[u^]s), n. [See {Arquebus}.] A firearm with match holder, trigger, and tumbler, made in the second half of the 15th century. The barrel was about forty inches long. A form of the harquebus was… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • harquebus — (also arquebus) ► NOUN historical ▪ an early type of portable gun supported on a tripod or a forked rest. ORIGIN French harquebuse, from Low German hake hook + busse gun …   English terms dictionary

  • harquebus — [här′kwə bəs] n. [Fr arquebuse < It archibuso < MFr harquebusche < Du hakebus: see HACKBUT] an early type of portable gun, supported on a hooked staff or forked rest during firing …   English World dictionary

  • harquebus — Arquebus Ar que*bus, Arquebuse Ar que*buse (?; 277), n. [F. arquebuse, OF. harquebuse, fr. D. haak bus; cf. G. hakenb[ u]chse a gun with a hook. See {Hagbut}.] A sort of hand gun or firearm a contrivance answering to a trigger, by which the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • harquebus — or arquebus noun Etymology: Middle French harquebuse, arquebuse, modification of Middle Dutch hakebusse, from hake hook + busse tube, box, gun, from Late Latin buxis box Date: 1532 a matchlock gun invented in the 15th century which was portable… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Harquebus — Early kind of gun which used a tripod or a V shaped rest to support the unwieldy barrel. They were quicker to learn to use than a *long bow or *crossbow …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • harquebus — har·que·bus || hÉ‘rkwɪbÉ™s / hɑːk n. ancient type of portable firearm having a long barrel …   English contemporary dictionary

  • harquebus — [ hα:kwɪbəs] (also arquebus) noun historical an early type of portable gun supported on a tripod or a forked rest. Origin C16: from Fr. harquebuse, based on Mid. Low Ger. hakebusse, from hake hook + busse gun …   English new terms dictionary

  • harquebus — har·que·bus …   English syllables

  • harquebus — har•que•bus [[t]ˈhɑr kwə bəs[/t]] n. pl. bus•es mil small caliber long gun operated by a matchlock or wheel lock mechanism, dating from about 1400 • Etymology: 1525–35; < MF harquebusche (with intrusive r ) < MD hākebusse=hāke hook +busse… …   From formal English to slang

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.