Haikou

/huy"koh"/, n. Pinyin, Wade-Giles.
a city on N Hainan island, in SE China. 500,000.
Also, Hoihow.

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China
Wade-Giles romanization  Hai-k'ou , conventional  Hoihow 

      city and capital of Hainan (Hai-nan) sheng (province), southern China. It is situated on the north coast of Hainan Island, facing the Leizhou Peninsula, across the Hainan (Qiongzhou) Strait (9.5 miles [15 km] wide). Haikou originally grew up as the port for Qiongshan, the ancient administrative capital of Hainan Island, which is situated some 3 miles (5 km) inland.

      It became a military post in the 13th century and was fortified under the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). The port is situated to the west of the mouth of the Nandu, Hainan's chief river. Although it has no good natural harbour, it has always been the principal port of the island. After Qiongshan was opened to foreign trade under the Treaty of Tianjin (1876), Haikou began to rival the old administrative city. Haikou was created a separate administrative county in 1926; it overtook Qiongshan in population in the 1930s. Haikou was much developed as a port during the Sino-Japanese War (1937–45) when the Japanese occupied Hainan Island from early 1939 to 1945.

      Since 1949 Haikou has retained its position as Hainan's main port, handling more than half of its total trade, and it has replaced Qiongshan as the island's administrative capital. It exports great quantities of agricultural produce and livestock. In 1988 Hainan was made a province, having been set off from Guangdong and designated as an economic development zone, the largest area of its kind. Since then Haikou has experienced a period of rapid economic and floating population growth. The infrastructure of the city has been rapidly improved. Haikou is linked to Sanya and other cities of the island by an expressway. The city's international airport has flights to other major cities in China, as well as to Thailand, Singapore, and other Southeast Asian countries. Food processing and the manufacture of rubber goods, electronics, and machinery are the major industries of Haikou. Pop. (2002 est.) 533,960.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Haikou — Hǎikǒu · 海口 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Haikou — (chino: 海口, pinyin: Hǎikǒu) es la capital de la provincia de Hainan, en la República Popular China. La ciudad está situada en el norte de la isla de Hainan, en el canal de Qiongzhou. Haikou significa boca del mar . Tiene un población de poco más… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Haikou — Haikou,   Hauptstadt der Provinz Hainan und gleichzeitig Hauptort der gleichnamigen Insel (Hainan), in Südchina, 280 200 Einwohner; Konservenindustrie; Hafen, Flugplatz …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Haikou — [hī′kō′] city in S China, on Hainan island; capital of Hainan province: pop. 266,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Haikou — Infobox Settlement name =Haikou official name = other name = native name = nickname = settlement type =Prefecture level city total type = motto = translit lang1=Chinese translit lang1 type=Chinese translit lang1 info=海口 translit lang1… …   Wikipedia

  • Haikou — Lage von Haikou …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haikou — 1 Original name in latin Haikou Name in other language Hai k ou shih, Hai k’ou shih, Haikou, Haikou Zhen, hai kou, hai kou zhen State code CN Continent/City Asia/Shanghai longitude 29.10682 latitude 117.80736 altitude 64 Population 0 Date 2012 01 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Haikou — Ciudad prefectura 海口市 Haikou …   Wikipedia Español

  • Haikou — geographical name city & port SE China capital of Hainan population 280,153 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Haikou — noun A city in China; capital of Hainan province, situated at the north of Hainan island …   Wiktionary

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