gymnodinium

/jim'neuh din"ee euhm/, n., pl. gymnodinia /-din"ee euh/.
any marine or freshwater dinoflagellate of the genus Gymnodinium, certain species of which cause red tide.
[ < NL, equiv. to gymno- GYMNO- + Gk dín(ein) to whirl + NL -ium -IUM]

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▪ dinoflagellate genus
      genus of marine or freshwater dinoflagellates. Members of the genus are bilaterally symmetrical with a delicate pellicle (or envelope) and disk-shaped chromatophores (chromatophore), which, when present, contain yellow, brown, green, or blue pigments. The genus is claimed by both botanists and zoologists, for, like all dinoflagellates, it has both plantlike and animal-like species. Some species are photosynthetic; others require solid food. Some may be bioluminescent or form periodic blooms that may colour water (water bloom) yellow or red. A few species produce a toxin similar to that of the dinoflagellate Gonyaulax; both toxins are fatal to fish and can irritate the nose and throat of human beings if inhaled.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gymnodinium — sp. Systematik Stamm: Dinozoa Abteilung: Dinoflagellaten (Dinoflagellata) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gymnodinium — ● gymnodinium nom masculin Genre de péridiniens dont les espèces marines peuvent, en cas d eutrophisation, pulluler et répandre dans l eau une toxine qui tue les poissons (phénomène des « boues rouges »). [Vivant en surface, ces micro organismes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gymnodinium — Taxobox | color = greenyellow name = Gymnodinium image caption = domain = Eukaryota superphylum = Alveolata phylum = Dinoflagellata divisio = classis = ordo = familia = genus = Gymnodinium species = binomial = binomial authority = Gymnodinium is… …   Wikipedia

  • Gymnodinium —   Gymnodinium …   Wikipedia Español

  • gymnodinium — ˈdinēəm noun Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from gymn + Greek dinein to whirl + New Latin ium : a large genus (the type of the family Gymnodiniidae) of marine and freshwater naked dinoflagellates that includes forms which are colorless… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gymnodinium — Genus of marine dinoflagellates that includes the unicellular organism that causes red tide. G. breve a species of microscopic algae that causes red tide; it produces a toxin that affects the central nervous system of fish, paralyzing and killi …   Medical dictionary

  • Gymnodinium — Organismos unicelulares de la división Dinophyta, clase Dinophyceae, clase Dinophyceae, orden Gymnodiniales. Con dos flagelos heterocontos en el sulco y el cíngulo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • gymnodinium — gym·no·din·i·um …   English syllables

  • Karenia brevis — Systematik Unterreich: Alveolaten (Alveolata) Stamm: Dinozoa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Phototrophie — Die Rotalge Stylonema alsidii ist phototroph. Phototrophie oder Fototrophie (von altgriechisch φῶς phos = das Licht + τροφή trophé = die Ernährung) bezeichnet die Nutzung von Licht als Energiequelle durch Lebewesen. Das Licht wird gebraucht …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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