Guyenne

/gwee yen"/, n.
Guienne.

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or Guienne ancient Aquitania

Historic region, southwestern France.

The Guyenne region corresponds to the modern département of Gironde and to most of the départements of Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne, Lot, and Aveyron. An old duchy whose capital was at Bordeaux, it was near the Garonne and Dordogne rivers. From Roman times until the Middle Ages it was part of the region of Aquitaine. Under English control during much of the later Middle Ages, Guyenne was retaken by the French at the beginning of the Hundred Years' War, but in 1360 it was restored, with Aquitaine, to the English. France later reconquered the area, and from the 17th century until 1789 Guyenne was part of the French gouvernement of Guienne and Gascony.

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▪ historical region, France
also spelled  Guienne,  

      former region of southwestern France, merged with Gascony for the last centuries before the French Revolution in the gouvernement of Guyenne and Gascony (Guyenne-et-Gascogne). The Guyenne region corresponds to the modern département of Gironde and to most of the départements of Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne, Lot, and Aveyron. The region was under English control during much of the later European Middle Ages.

      From Roman times until the Middle Ages, the region of Guyenne was simply part of the region of Aquitaine (q.v.), of which the name Guyenne is a corruption. Historically, the name Guyenne first became important through the Treaty of Paris (1259) between Louis IX of France and Henry III of England. By this treaty, Louis IX accepted Henry III as his vassal for Guyenne and also for Gascony, which the English had held previously. (England had received both Aquitaine and Gascony in the 12th century through Henry II's marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine.) Guyenne was retaken by the French at the beginning of the Hundred Years' War, but the Treaty of Brétigny in 1360 restored it, with the whole of the old Aquitaine, to the English. In the later phases of the Hundred Years' War, France reconquered all these areas. The last attempt by the English to retake the territory was repulsed at the Battle of Castillon (1453).

       Louis XI gave the duchy of Guyenne to his brother Charles de France, duke de Berry, in 1469, but, after the latter's death in 1472, it was reunited to the French crown. During the religious wars in the 16th century and during the Fronde in the 17th, Guyenne was the scene of bitter fighting.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GUYENNE — Altération du mot Aquitaine qu’elle a remplacé au XIIIe siècle. Le traité de Paris de 1259 désigna ainsi tout le territoire qui, au sud ouest de la France, était tenu en fief par les Plantagenêt. Ce duché de Guyenne, successeur lointain de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Guyenne —   [gɥi jɛn] die, seit dem 13. Jahrhundert Name für das (v. a. um Poitou) verkleinerte Herzogtum Aquitanien (französisch Aquitaine, daraus über »l Aguyenne« schließlich Name »la Guyenne«), das auch nach der Zerschlagung des Angevinischen Reiches… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Guyenne —    Guyenne was a former province of France that was associated with Aquitaine until the 11th century. including the French possessions of the king of England, after the Treaty of Paris (1259), it comprised Limousin, Périgord, Quercy, Agenois, and …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Guyenne — Guyenne, Land, so v.w. Guienne …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Guyenne — (Guienne, beides spr. gi enn ), ehemalige Provinz im Südwesten Frankreichs (vgl. die Geschichtskarte von Frankreich), umfaßte die Landschaften Bordelais mit Bazadais, ferner Agenais, Périgord, Quercy und Rouergue mit zusammen 40,925 qkm (743 QM.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guyenne — (Guienne, spr. giénn), früher eine Provinz in Südwestfrankreich, Teil des alten Aquitaniens, umfaßte das eigentliche G. mit der Hauptstadt Bordeaux, nebst Périgord, Agenois, Quercy und Rouergue, entsprechend den Dep. Gironde, Dordogne, Lot, Lot… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Guyenne — (Güjenn), Provinz des alten Frankreichs, bei dem Verfall des Königthums im 10. Jahrh. ein eigenes Herzogthum (Aquitanien), kam durch die Erbtochter Eleonore 1152 an Heinrich II. von England, durch Eroberung 1451 an Frankreich zurück, bildet jetzt …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Guyenne — [gē en′, gwēen′] historical region of SW France, roughly corresponding to earlier Aquitaine …   English World dictionary

  • Guyenne — 43° 58′ 37″ N 0° 10′ 34″ W / 43.977, 0.176 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guyenne — The coat of arms used for Guyenne is the same as for Aquitaine. Guyenne or Guienne   …   Wikipedia

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