Gutenberg Bible

an edition of the Vulgate printed at Mainz before 1456, ascribed to Gutenberg and others: probably the first large book printed with movable type.

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also called  Forty-two-line Bible, or Mazarin Bible,  
 the first complete book extant in the West and the earliest printed from movable type, so called after its printer, Johannes Gutenberg (Gutenberg, Johannes) (q.v.), who completed it about 1455 working at Mainz, Ger. The three-volume work, in Latin text, was printed in 42-line columns and, in its later stages of production, was worked on by six compositors simultaneously. It is sometimes referred to as the Mazarin Bible because the first copy described by bibliographers was located in the Paris library of Cardinal Mazarin.

      Like other contemporary works, the Gutenberg Bible had no title page, no page numbers, and no innovations to distinguish it from the work of a manuscript copyist. This was presumably the desire of both Gutenberg and his customers. Experts are generally agreed that the Bible, though uneconomic in its use of space, displays a technical efficiency not substantially improved upon before the 19th century. The Gothic type is majestic in appearance, medieval in feeling, and slightly less compressed and less pointed than other examples that appeared shortly thereafter.

 The original number of copies of this work is unknown; some 40 are still in existence. There are perfect vellum copies in the U.S. Library of Congress, the French Bibliotheque Nationale, and the British Library. In the United States almost-complete texts are in the Huntington, Morgan, New York Public, Harvard University, and Yale University libraries.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Gutenberg Bible — Gu|ten|berg Bi|ble, the a Bible which was the first book ever printed in Europe using movable ↑type. This method of printing was invented by Johannes Gutenberg (1397 1468), and the Bible was printed in about 1455 …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Gutenberg Bible — /gutənbɜg ˈbaɪbəl/ (say goohtuhnberg buybuhl) noun a bible printed c. 1455 on a press invented by Johannes Gutenberg; claimed to be the world s first mechanically produced book …   Australian English dictionary

  • Gutenberg Bible — Gu′tenberg Bi′ble n. bib rel an edition of the Vulgate printed at Mainz before 1456, ascribed to Gutenberg and others: probably the first large book printed with movable type …   From formal English to slang

  • Gutenberg Bible — an edition of the Vulgate printed at Mainz before 1456, ascribed to Gutenberg and others: probably the first large book printed with movable type …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gutenberg Bible —  Гутенберга Библия …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Gutenberg-Bibel — der New York Public Library Die Gutenberg Bibel, wegen der 42 Zeilen auch „B42“ oder „B 42“ genannt, entstand zwischen 1452 und 1454 in Mainz. Sie wurde in der Druckerwerkstatt von Johannes Gutenberg gedruckt und gi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gutenberg, Johannes — ▪ German printer Introduction in full  Johann Gensfleisch zur Laden zum Gutenberg   born 14th century, Mainz [Germany] died probably February 3, 1468, Mainz       German craftsman and inventor who originated a method of printing from movable type …   Universalium

  • Gutenberg Museum — The Gutenberg Museum is one of the oldest museums of printing in the world, located opposite the cathedral in the old part of Mainz, Germany.HistoryA group of citizens founded the museum in 1900, 500 years after Johann Gutenberg’s birth, to… …   Wikipedia

  • Gutenberg, Johannes — (ca. 1398 1468)    Johann Gansfleisch von Gutenberg is usually and probably correctly identified as the inventor of the art of printing with movable type. Born at Mainz in western Germany to a socially prominent but impoverished family, in 1534… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

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