griseofulvin

/griz'ee oh fool"vin, -ful"-, gris'-/, n. Pharm.
an antibiotic, C17H17ClO6, obtained from a species of Penicillium, used in the treatment of ringworm and other fungous infections of the skin.
[1935-40; < NL griseofulv(um) epithet of a species of Penicillium (equiv. to ML grise(us) GRISEOUS + NL -o- -O- + L fulvum, neut. of fulvus tawny, yellow-brown) + -IN2]

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drug
      drug produced by the molds Penicillium griseofulvum and P. janczewski and used in the treatment of ringworm, including athlete's foot and infections of the scalp and nails. Griseofulvin exerts its antimicrobial activity by binding to microtubules (microtubule), cellular structures responsible for forming mitotic spindles during cell division and for processing cell wall components needed for growth. A common side effect is headache.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Griseofulvin — Systematic (IUPAC) name (2S,6 R) 7 chloro 2 ,4,6 …   Wikipedia

  • griseofulvin — griseofulvin. См. гризеофульвин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • griseofulvin — [gris΄ē ō fool′vin, griz΄ē ō fool′vin] n. an oral antibiotic, C17H17ClO6, taken to treat serious fungal infections of the skin, nails, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Griseofulvin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Griseofulvin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Griseofulvin — Gri|se|o|ful|vin [nlat. Penicillium griseofulvum, ein Schimmelpilz (Mikrobiol., lat. griseus = grau u. fulvus = bräunlich, rotgelb); in (3)], das; s: ein tricycl. stickstofffreies Antibiotikum u. Antimykotikum. * * * Griseofulvin   [zu lateinisch …   Universal-Lexikon

  • griseofulvin — noun Etymology: New Latin griseofulvum, specific epithet of Penicillium griseofulvum, mold from which it is obtained Date: 1939 an antibiotic C17H17ClO6 used systematically in treating superficial fungal infections …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • griseofulvin — (gris e o ful vin) An antibiotic from Penicillium griseofulvum given orally to treat chronic dermatophytic infections of skin and nails …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • griseofulvin — Polyketide antibiotic from Penicillium griseofulvum. Used therapeutically as an antifungal. Blocks microtubule assembly and thus mitosis …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • griseofulvin — noun Any of a class of antifungal drugs used in humans and animals …   Wiktionary

  • griseofulvin — A fungistatic antibiotic produced by Penicillium g., P. patulum, and P. janczewskii; used in the systemic treatment of superficial fungal infections caused by the dermatophytes Microsporum, Trichophyton, and Epidermophyton; inhibits microtubule… …   Medical dictionary

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