- 1. U.S. Hist. a clause in the constitutions of some Southern states after 1890 intended to permit whites to vote while disfranchising blacks: it exempted from new literacy and property qualifications for voting those men entitled to vote before 1867 and their lineal descendants.2. any legal provision that exempts a business, class of persons, etc., from a new government regulation that would affect prior rights and privileges.[1895-1900, Amer.]
* * *Constitutional provision enacted by seven Southern U.S. states (1895–1910) to deny suffrage to African American men.It exempted descendants of men who voted before 1867 from meeting new literacy and property requirements. Since African American men were not granted voting rights until passage of the 15th Amendment in 1870, this clause effectively prevented them, and many impoverished and illiterate whites, from voting. The U.S. Supreme Court declared such clauses unconstitutional in 1915.
* * *▪ United States historystatutory or constitutional device enacted by seven Southern states between 1895 and 1910 to deny suffrage to American blacks; it provided that those who had enjoyed the right to vote prior to 1866 or 1867, or their lineal descendants, would be exempt from educational, property, or tax requirements for voting. Because the former slaves had not been granted the franchise until the adoption of the Fifteenth Amendment in 1870, these clauses worked effectively to exclude blacks from the vote but assured the franchise to many impoverished and illiterate whites. In 1915 the Supreme Court declared the grandfather clause unconstitutional because it violated equal voting rights guaranteed by the Fifteenth Amendment.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
grandfather clause — n: a clause creating an exemption (as from a law or regulation) based on circumstances previously existing; specif: a provision inserted in the constitutions of some southern states after the Civil War requiring high standards of literacy and… … Law dictionary
grandfather clause — ☆ grandfather clause n. 1. a former law in some Southern states waiving electoral literacy requirements for those whose forebears voted before the Civil War, thus keeping the franchise for illiterate whites 2. a clause in some legislation… … English World dictionary
grandfather clause — An existing condition, usually in a contract or other agreement, that cannot be changed, even if the conditions are changed for others … The small dictionary of idiomes
Grandfather clause — A grandfather clause is a term used in U.S. English for an exception that allows an old rule to continue to apply to some existing situations, when a new rule will apply to all future situations. It is often used as a verb: to grandfather means… … Wikipedia
grandfather clause — A provision included in a new rule or regulation that exempts a business that is already conducting business in the area addressed by the regulation from penalty or restriction . Bloomberg Financial Dictionary * * * grandfather clause grandfather … Financial and business terms
grandfather clause — noun A clause or section, especially in a law, granting exceptions for people or organisations who were affected by previous conditions. Many building codes include a grandfather clause exempting older buildings until some amount of remodeling… … Wiktionary
grandfather clause — Provision in a new law or regulation exempting those already in or a part of the existing system which is being regulated. An exception to a restriction that allows all those already doing something to continue doing it even if they would be… … Black's law dictionary
Grandfather Clause — An exemption that allows persons or entities to continue with an activity they were engaging in before it became illegal through a change in regulation. For example, imagine there s a passing of a new law that states restaurants can serve only… … Investment dictionary
grandfather clause — a written statement that protects an employee, a right, a privilege, etc. They can t demote him or delete his position because he has a grandfather clause … English idioms
grandfather clause — noun an exemption based on circumstances existing prior to the adoption of some policy; used to enfranchise illiterate whites in south after the American Civil War (Freq. 2) • Hypernyms: ↑exemption, ↑freedom * * * noun, pl ⋯ clauses [count] US… … Useful english dictionary