- /glas"teuhn ber'ee/; for 1 also /glas"teuhn beuh ree/; for 2 also /glas"euhn ber'ee/, n.1. a borough of SW England, in whose vicinity the ruins of an important Iron Age lake village have been found and to which in folklore both King Arthur and Joseph of Arimathaea have been linked, the latter as the founder of the abbey there. 6773.2. a town in N Connecticut. 24,327.
* * *town (“parish”), Mendip district, administrative and historic county of Somerset, England. It is situated on the slopes of a group of hills that rise from the Brue Valley to a tor (peak) of 522 feet (159 metres).Low mounds 1.5 miles (2.4 km) north of Glastonbury were found in 1892 to contain remains of prehistoric Iron Age dwellings. These, together with two other famous groups of mounds at Meare, 3.75 miles (6 km) northwest of Glastonbury, were excavated early in the 20th century. At the time of habitation the dwellings stood on low-lying ground of peat bogs and watercourses. The types of pottery found indicate occupation from about 60 BCE until about the time of the Roman invasions of the 1st century CE; the site of Meare was reoccupied during the 4th century. The Abbot's Tribunal, Glastonbury, houses some of the objects discovered during excavation.The Benedictine Abbey of St. Mary at Glastonbury was perhaps the oldest and certainly one of the richest in England. Legend asserts that the abbey church was built in 166 CE by missionaries from Rome, who came at the request of King Lucius, perhaps the first Christian king in Britain. Built of timber and wattles, the church lasted until 1184 and claimed to house the tomb of St. Patrick of Ireland. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, on the other hand, states that Ine, king of Wessex in the early 8th century, founded the abbey, but other evidence points to its establishment at an earlier date, and a Celtic monastery definitely existed there before the Saxon conquest. By the 10th century the abbey (already the burial place of three kings) was of great importance, and Domesday Book (1086) indicates its wealth, which by that time included lands in five counties. After the disastrous fire of 1184, rebuilding of the abbey and construction of the new St. Mary's Chapel were undertaken; construction—halted at times by disputes within the church—continued into the 14th century. After the dissolution of the monasteries (1536–39), the abbey eventually became a quarry, its stone being used for other buildings and roads; but the ruins of St. Mary's Chapel and parts of the abbey remain.In 1191 the supposed grave of King Arthur and Queen Guinevere, the legendary rulers of post-Roman Britain, was discovered in the cemetery at Glastonbury; and the bones found there were reinterred in the abbey church.Other legends, dating from the mid-13th century, claim that the early Christian St. Joseph of Arimathea came to the town, bringing the chalice of the Last Supper or phials holding blood of the crucifixion; the Chalice Well became a place of pilgrimage early in the 16th century. It was later asserted that the Glastonbury thorn (Crataegus monogyna praecox) sprang from St. Joseph's staff.The dissolution of the monasteries impoverished the town, but prosperity improved in the 19th century, with better land drainage and enclosure of moors that were previously held in common. The chief modern local industry, apart from dairy farming, is the processing of sheepskins and manufacture of sheepskin goods. Pop. (2001) 8,784.
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Glastonbury — Vue depuis la cilline … Wikipédia en Français
Glastonbury — … Wikipedia Español
Glastonbury — (spr. glästn börĭ), 1) Stadt (municipal borough) in Somersetshire (England), 10 km südlich von Wells, hat eine Kirche zu St. Johann dem Täufer mit schönem gotischen Turm, Ruinen einer berühmten Benediktinerabtei (am besten erhalten die St.… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Glastonbury — (spr. glast nbörrĕ), Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Somerset, (1901) 4016 E.; Seidenindustrie; Ruinen der Benediktinerabtei G. Abbey … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Glastonbury — [ glæstənbərɪ], Stadt in der County Somerset, Südengland, südlich von Bristol, 7 100 Einwohner Stadtbild: Die bedeutende, im frühen Mittelalter gegründete Benediktinerabtei verfiel nach Auflösung der Klöster 1539. Die nur als Ruine… … Universal-Lexikon
Glastonbury — town in Somersetshire, famous as a prehistoric site, O.E. Glestingabyrig, Glastingburi (725), Stronghold (O.E. byrig, dat. of burh) of the people (O.E. inga ) living at Glaston, a Celtic name, possibly meaning woad place … Etymology dictionary
Glastonbury — infobox UK place country = England static static image caption=A view of Glastonbury from the Tor latitude= 51.1485 longitude= 2.7140 official name= Glastonbury population = 8,800cite web|url=http://www.somerset.gov.uk/media/030F1/mendip… … Wikipedia
Glastonbury — 51.1475 2.7183333333333 Koordinaten: 51° 9′ N, 2° 43′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Glastonbury — This surname seems at first glance to be locational and to derive from the ancient town of Glastonbury in Somerset. That some name holders do derive from this source through a noble family known to have lived in Dorset in the 15th century and… … Surnames reference
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