gingivitis

/jin'jeuh vuy"tis/, n. Pathol.
inflammation of the gums.
[1870-75; < NL; see GINGIVA, -ITIS]

* * *

      inflammation of the gums (gingivae). Symptoms include tender, sometimes swollen, gums that bleed easily. Areas of tissue destruction (necrosis) or ulceration may develop, and fever and halitosis may be present in severe disease. The most common cause of gingivitis is the accumulation of dental plaque on exposed tooth surfaces. The form of gingivitis known as trench mouth (Vincent's gingivitis (Vincent gingivitis)) is believed to be caused by a spirochete, Borrelia, and a bacterium, Fusobacterium, acting in symbiosis on previously weakened gum tissue. General infections, poor tooth alignment (malocclusion), poor dental hygiene, and faulty dentures are other causes of gingivitis. In some cases, gingivitis occurs as a result of another disease, such as diabetes mellitus, leukemia or similar blood dyscrasias, or vitamin deficiency.

      Herpes simplex virus causes an infectious, painful gingivostomatitis, characterized by the development of white plaques and vesicles in the mouth.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gingivitis — Classification and external resources Severe gingivitis before (top) and after (bottom) a thorough mechanical debridement of the teeth and adjacent gum tissues. ICD 10 …   Wikipedia

  • Gingivitis — Clasificación y recursos externos CIE 10 K …   Wikipedia Español

  • gingivitis — f. odont. Inflamación de las encías de carácter agudo o crónico. Las encías enrojecen, se vuelven tumefactas y provocan un dolor agudo al contacto con los alimentos; las encías pueden estar recubiertas de pus y ulceradas y el aliento es fétido.… …   Diccionario médico

  • gingivitis — (plural gingivitis) sustantivo femenino 1. Área: medicina Inflamación de las encías: El estomatólogo le ha diagnosticado una gingivitis …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • gingivìtis — m pat. upala desni; zazubice ✧ {{001f}}lat …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • gingivitis — 1874, from L. gingiva gums + ITIS (Cf. itis) …   Etymology dictionary

  • gingivitis — gingivìtis m DEFINICIJA pat. upala desni ETIMOLOGIJA lat. gingiva: dȇsni + itis …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • gingivitis — f. Med. Inflamación patológica de las encías …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • gingivitis — ► NOUN Medicine ▪ inflammation of the gums …   English terms dictionary

  • gingivitis — [jin΄jə vīt′is] n. [ModL < GINGIVA + ITIS] inflammation of the gums …   English World dictionary

  • Gingivitis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 K05.0 Akute Gingivitis K05.1 chronische Gingivitis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.