- a ritual dance intended to establish communion with the dead, esp. such a dance as performed by various messianic western American Indian cults in the late 19th century.[1885-90, Amer.]
* * *Nineteenth-century Native American cult.It represented an attempt by Indian peoples in the western U.S. to rehabilitate their traditional cultures. The Ghost Dance arose in 1889, when the Paiute prophet-dreamer Wovoka announced the imminent return of the dead (hence "ghost"), the ousting of the whites, and the restoration of Indian lands, food supplies, and way of life, all of which would be hastened by dances and songs revealed in Wovoka's spiritual visions. The Ghost Dance spread rapidly. It coincided with the Sioux outbreak of 1890, which culminated in the massacre at Wounded Knee, where the "ghost shirts" failed to protect the wearers as promised by Wovoka. The cult soon became obsolete.
* * *▪ North American Indian culteither of two distinct cults in a complex of late 19th-century religious movements that represented an attempt of Indians in the western United States to rehabilitate their traditional cultures. Both cults arose from Northern Paiute prophet-dreamers in western Nevada who announced the imminent return of the dead (hence “ghost”), the ousting of the whites, and the restoration of Indian lands, food supplies, and way of life. These ends, it was believed, would be hastened by the dances and songs revealed to the prophets in their vision visits to the spirit world and also by strict observance of a moral code that resembled Christian teaching and forbade war against Indians or whites. Many dancers fell into trances and received new songs from the dead they met in visions or were healed by Ghost Dance rituals.The first Ghost Dance developed in 1869 around the dreamer Wodziwob (d. c. 1872) and in 1871–73 spread to California and Oregon tribes; it soon died out or was transformed into other cults. The second derived from Wovoka (c. 1856–1932), whose father, Tavibo, had assisted Wodziwob. Wovoka had been influenced by Presbyterians on whose ranch he worked, by Mormons, and by the Indian Shaker Church. During a solar eclipse in January 1889, he had a vision of dying, speaking with God in heaven, and being commissioned to teach the new dance and millennial message. Indians from many tribes traveled to learn from Wovoka, whose self-inflicted stigmata on hands and feet encouraged belief in him as a new messiah, or Jesus Christ, come to the Indians.Thus, the Ghost Dance spread as far as the Missouri River, the Canadian border, the Sierra Nevada, and northern Texas. Early in 1890 it reached the Sioux and coincided with the rise of the Sioux outbreak of late 1890, for which the cult was wrongly blamed. This outbreak culminated in the massacre at Wounded Knee, S.D., where the “ghost shirts” failed to protect the wearers, as promised by Wovoka.As conditions changed, the second Ghost Dance became obsolete, though it continued in the 20th century in attenuated form among a few tribes. Both cults helped to reshape traditional shamanism (a belief system based on the healing and psychic transformation powers of the shaman, or medicine man) and prepared for further Christianization and accommodation to white culture.
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Ghost Dance — exécutée par les Lakotas Ogalalas à Pine Ridge La Ghost Dance (en français la Danse Des Esprits) était un mouvement religieux nord amérindien. Sa pratique la plus connue était une danse menée en cercle. Sommaire … Wikipédia en Français
Ghost Dance — • The principal ceremonial rite of an Indian religion which originated about 1887 with Wovoka, alias jack Wilson, an Indian of the Piute tribe in Nevada Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Ghost Dance Ghost Dance … Catholic encyclopedia
Ghost dance — A religious dance of the North American Indians, participated in by both sexes, and looked upon as a rite of invocation the purpose of which is, through trance and vision, to bring the dancer into communion with the unseen world and the spirits… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Ghost-dance — A religious dance of the North American Indians, participated in by both sexes, and looked upon as a rite of invocation the purpose of which is, through trance and vision, to bring the dancer into communion with the unseen world and the spirits… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Ghost Dance — Origen Leeds, England, UK Género(s) Gothic rock … Wikipedia Español
ghost dance — ghost′ dance n. ant amh. (often caps.) a ritual dance to call forth a vision of the afterlife: a central feature of a religious movement among American Indians in the late 19th century • Etymology: 1885–90, amer … From formal English to slang
ghost dance — ☆ ghost dance n. a North American Indian dance of the 19th cent., performed in connection with a messianic belief … English World dictionary
Ghost Dance — Allgemeine Informationen Genre(s) New Wave, Gothic Rock Gründung 1985 Auflösung 1990 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ghost Dance — Ghost Dance британская рок группа, исполняющая пост панк. Была сформирована гитаристом Гэри Марксом (бывшим участником The Sisters of Mercy) и Анной Марией Хёрст (бывшей участницей Skeletal Family) после того, как оба музыканта покинули… … Википедия
Ghost Dance — [ gəʊst dæːns], die Geistertanzbewegung … Universal-Lexikon
Ghost Dance — Noted in historical accounts as the Ghost Dance of 1890, the Ghost Dance was a religious movement incorporated into numerous Native American belief systems. The traditional ritual used in the Ghost Dance, the circle dance, has been used by many… … Wikipedia