Gethsemane

Gethsemanic, gethsemanic /geth'seuh man"ik/, adj.
/geth sem"euh nee/, n.
1. a garden east of Jerusalem, near the brook of Kedron: scene of Jesus' agony and betrayal. Matt. 26:36.
2. (l.c.) a scene or occasion of suffering; calvary.

* * *

Garden outside Jerusalem associated with the last hours of Jesus.

According to Christian tradition, it is where Jesus prayed after the Last Supper and before his arrest and Crucifixion. The name Gethsemane originates from a Hebrew term meaning "oil press," suggesting that the garden was a grove of olive trees. Though its exact location cannot be determined, Armenian, Greek, Latin, and Russian churches have accepted an olive grove on the western slope of the Mount of Olives as the site.

* * *

garden, Mount of Olives, Jerusalem
 garden across the Kidron Valley on the Mount of Olives (Hebrew Har ha-Zetim), a mile-long ridge paralleling the eastern part of Jerusalem, where Jesus is said to have prayed on the night of his arrest before his Crucifixion. The name Gethsemane (Hebrew gat shemanim, “oil press”) suggests that the garden was a grove of olive trees in which was located an oil press.

      Though the exact location of Gethsemane cannot be determined with certainty, Armenian, Greek, Latin, and Russian churches have accepted an olive grove on the western slope of the Mount of Olives as the authentic site, which was so regarded by the empress Helena, mother of Constantine (the first Christian emperor, early 4th century AD). An ancient tradition also locates the scene of the Gethsemane prayer and betrayal of Jesus at a place now called the Grotto of the Agony, near a bridge that crosses the Kidron Valley. At another possible location, south of this site in a garden containing old olive trees, is a Latin church erected by Franciscan monks on the ruins of a 4th-century church.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gethsemane — (Greek ΓεσΘημανι, Gesthēmani Hebrew: גת שמנים , from Aramaic גת שמנא, Gat Šmānê , lit. oil press ) is a garden at the foot of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem believed to be the place where Jesus and his disciples prayed the night before the… …   Wikipedia

  • Gethsemane — name of a garden on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem [Matt. xxvi:36 46], from Gk. Gethsemane, from Aramaic gath shemani(m) oil press …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gethsemane — [geth sem′ə nē] n. [Gr Gethsēmanē < Aram gat shemanin, lit., oil press: ? because such a press was located there] 1. Bible a garden on the Mount of Olives, east of Jerusalem, scene of the agony, betrayal, and arrest of Jesus: Matt. 26:36 2.… …   English World dictionary

  • Gethsemăne — (d.i. Ölkelter, a. Geogr.), Vorwerk am Fuße des Ölbergs bei Jerusalem (s.d.), jenseit des Baches Kidron, wo Jesus von Judas seinen Feinden verrathen wurde; hier hatte bei der Belagerung Jerusalems durch die Römer die 10. Legion ihr Lager …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gethsemane — (»Ölkelter«), Vorwerk am Fuß des Ölbergs bei Jerusalem, jenseit des Baches Kidron, bekannt aus der Leidensgeschichte Jesu. Der acht alte Ölbäume umschließende Ort ist im Besitz der Franziskaner, die ihn 1847 mit einer Mauer umgeben haben. S. den… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gethsemane — Gethsemăne (d.i. Ölkelter), Hof oder Garten am Fuße des Ölberges bei Jerusalem, Ort der Gefangennahme Jesu; jetzt im Besitz der Franziskaner …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gethsemane — • The place in which Jesus Christ suffered the Agony and was taken prisoner by the Jews Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gethsemane — Der Garten Getsemani. Zwischen den Bäumen erkennt man die Kirche aller Nationen, im Hintergrund die russisch orthodoxe Maria Magdalena Kirche. Olivenernte im Garten G …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gethsemane —    Oil press, the name of an olive yard at the foot of the Mount of Olives, to which Jesus was wont to retire (Luke 22:39) with his disciples, and which is specially memorable as being the scene of his agony (Mark 14:32; John 18:1; Luke 22:44).… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Gethsemane — Geth|se|ma|ne […ne ], Geth|se|ma|ni, (ökum.:) Getsemani: Garten am Ölberg bei Jerusalem, die Stätte der Gefangennahme Christi. * * * Gethsemane   [hebräisch »Ölkelter«], die Stätte des Gebets und der Gefangennahme Jesu (Markus 14, 32), am Fuß des …   Universal-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.