geodesic dome

a light, domelike structure developed by R. Buckminster Fuller to combine the properties of the tetrahedron and the sphere and consisting essentially of a grid of compression or tension members lying upon or parallel to great circles running in three directions in any given area, the typical form being the projection upon a sphere of an icosahedron, the triangular faces of which are filled with a symmetrical triangular, hexagonal, or quadrangular grid.
[1955-60]

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 spherical form in which lightweight triangular or polygonal facets consisting of either skeletal struts or flat planes, largely in tension, replace the arch principle and distribute stresses within the structure itself. It was developed in the 20th century by American engineer and architect R. Buckminster Fuller (Fuller, R Buckminster).

      A geodesic dome may be supported by light walls, but unlike other large domes it can also be set directly on the ground as a complete structure. A large geodesic dome was used to house the United States exhibit at Expo 67 in Montreal in 1967. Among the dome's many design applications are sports arenas, theatres, greenhouses, and exhibition halls.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • geodesic dome — ge o*des ic dome, n. A domelike structure invented by R. Buckminster Fuller, in which straight structural parts are connected to form interlocking polygons, affording great strength and rigidity combined with light weight. The typical form has… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Geodesic dome — Spaceship Earth at Epcot, Walt Disney World, a geodesic sphere A geodesic dome is a spherical or partial spherical shell structure or lattice shell based on a network of great circles (geodesics) on the surface of a sphere. The geodesics… …   Wikipedia

  • geodesic dome — noun a lightweight dome constructed of interlocking polygons; invented by R. Buckminster Fuller • Hypernyms: ↑dome * * * ˌgeoˌdesic ˈdome 7 [geodesic dome] noun (architec …   Useful english dictionary

  • geodesic dome — UK [ˌdʒiːəʊˌdiːsɪk ˈdəʊm] / US [ˌdʒɪoʊˌdesɪk ˈdoʊm] noun [countable] Word forms geodesic dome : singular geodesic dome plural geodesic domes a building with a high round frame made of shapes with angles that fit together …   English dictionary

  • geodesic dome — /dʒioʊˌdɛsɪk ˈdoʊm/ (say jeeoh.desik dohm) noun a dome constructed from a latticework of polygons whose sides are parts of geodesic lines so that the pressure load is shared evenly throughout the structure, having the advantage that the larger… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Geodesic Dome — Eine Geodätische Kuppel, die Biosphère, Ile Ste Hélène, Montreal Geodätische Kuppeln sind Konstruktionen von sphärischen Kuppeln mit einer Substruktur aus Dreiecken. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichtliches 2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • GEODESIC DOME —    See DOME …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • geodesic dome — ge|o|des|ic dome [ ,dʒiou,desık doum ] noun count a building with a high round frame made of shapes with angles that fit together …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • geodesic dome — ge′odes′ic dome′ n. archit. a light domelike structure developed by R. Buckminster Fuller, consisting of a framework of straight members, usu. in tension, typically having the form of a projection upon a sphere of a grid of triangular or… …   From formal English to slang

  • geodesic dome — noun A domed structure of lightweight straight elements forming interlocking polygons …   Wiktionary

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