gastritis

gastritic /ga strit"ik/, adj.
/ga struy"tis/, n.
inflammation of the stomach, esp. of its mucous membrane.
[1800-10; < NL; see GASTR-, -ITIS]

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Acute gastritis, usually caused by ingesting something irritating or by infection, starts suddenly, with severe pain, vomiting, thirst, and diarrhea, and subsides rapidly. Treatment involves a short fast and then a bland diet, sedatives, and antispasmodics. Chemical gastritis, from ingestion of corrosive chemicals, requires emptying and washing out the stomach. Chronic gastritis has vague symptoms, including abdominal discomfort or pain, poor appetite, gas, and irregular bowel movements. Causes include prolonged use of aspirin or other irritating drugs, infection with Helicobacter pylori, and pernicious anemia. Treatment for chronic gastritis depends on the cause.

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      acute or chronic inflammation of the mucosal layers of the stomach. Acute gastritis may be caused by excessive intake of alcohol, ingestion of irritating drugs, food poisoning, and infectious diseases. The chief symptoms are severe upper-abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, thirst, and diarrhea; the illness develops suddenly and subsides rapidly. The only treatment necessary is temporary avoidance of food, followed by a nonirritating diet, sedatives, and antispasmodics; rarely, fluids by intravenous injection may be required. The ingestion of corrosives (acids, alkalies) causes a severe chemical gastritis, necessitating immediate emptying and thorough washing of the stomach.

      Chronic gastritis may be caused by prolonged use of aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), infection with Helicobacter pylori, or pernicious anemia. The symptoms are indefinite and often resemble those of functional digestive disorders. The symptoms may include discomfort, fullness or pain in the upper abdomen, and poor appetite. The treatment for chronic gastritis depends on its cause; antacids will usually eliminate symptoms and promote healing. Antibiotics are used to treat chronic gastritis caused by H. pylori infection. Chronic gastritis caused by pernicious anemia is treated with vitamin B12. Irritating drugs that cause the disease are discontinued.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gastritis — Gastritis …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • gastritis — f. gastrol. Inflamación de la mucosa del estómago de carácter crónico o agudo que puede estar provocada por una intoxicación, infección, estrés, un abuso del alcohol o ser secundaria a otras enfermedades. La gastritis aguda dura poco tiempo y… …   Diccionario médico

  • gastritis — (plural gastritis) sustantivo femenino 1. Área: medicina Inflamación de la mucosa del estómago: Se está medicando para combatir la gastritis …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Gastritis — Gas*tri tis, n. [NL., from. Gr. ?, ?, stomach + itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of the stomach, esp. of its mucuos membrane. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gastrītis — Gastrītis, Magenentzündung, s. Magenkrankheiten …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gastrītis — (griech.), s. Magenentzündung …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • gastrìtis — m pat. upala sluznice želuca; katar želuca ✧ {{001f}}lat. ← grč …   Veliki rječnik hrvatskoga jezika

  • gastritis — 1806, Medical L., from GASTRO (Cf. gastro ) + ITIS (Cf. itis). Coined by French pathologist François Boissier de la Croix de Sauvages (1706 1767) …   Etymology dictionary

  • gastritis — gastrìtis m DEFINICIJA pat. upala sluznice želuca; katar želuca ETIMOLOGIJA gastr (o) + itis …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • gastritis — (De gastr e itis). f. Med. Inflamación del estómago …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • gastritis — [gas trīt′is] n. [ModL < GASTR(O) + ITIS] inflammation of the stomach, esp. of the stomach lining …   English World dictionary

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