garlic

/gahr"lik/, n.
1. a hardy plant, Allium sativum, of the amaryllis family whose strongly, pungent bulb is used in cookery and medicine.
2. any of various other plants of the genus Allium.
3. the bulb of such a plant, consisting of smaller bulbs, or cloves, used in cooking, sometimes in the form of a powder or flakes.
4. the flavor or smell of this bulb.
adj.
5. cooked, flavored, or seasoned with garlic: garlic bread; garlic salt.
6. of or pertaining to garlic.
[bef. 1000; ME garlec, OE garleac (gar spear (c. G Ger) + leac LEEK)]

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Bulbous perennial plant (Allium sativum) of the lily family, native to central Asia and growing wild in Italy and southern France.

The bulbs are used as a flavouring. A classic ingredient in many national cuisines, garlic has a powerful onionlike aroma and pungent taste; its wide use in the U.S. originated among European immigrant groups. Since ancient and medieval times it has been prized for its medicinal properties; it was formerly carried as a charm against vampires and other evils. Garlic bulbs are used sliced or crushed to flavour sauces, stews, and salad dressings. The membranous skin of the garlic bulb encloses up to 20 edible bulblets called cloves. See also allium.

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plant
 (species Allium sativum), bulbous perennial plant of the lily family (Liliaceae). The plant's bulbs are used as a flavouring. A classic ingredient in many national cuisines, garlic has a powerful, onionlike aroma and pungent taste; its wide use in the United States originated among European immigrant groups. In ancient and medieval times garlic was prized for its medicinal properties and was carried as a charm against vampires and other evils. Garlic bulbs are used either sliced or ground to flavour tomato sauces, stews, and salad dressings in southern European and Asian cuisines.

      Garlic is native to central Asia but also grows wild in Italy and southern France. The membranous skin of the garlic bulb encloses up to 20 edible bulblets called cloves. Flower stalks sometimes arise bearing tiny bulblets and blossoms without seeds. Garlic is propagated by planting cloves or top bulblets. Garlic is grown as an annual crop by methods similar to those used in growing onions. Garlic contains about 0.1 percent essential oil, the principal components of which are diallyl disulfide, diallyl trisulfide, and allyl propyl disulfide.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Garlic — Gar lic, n. [OE. garlek, AS. g[=a]rle[ a]c; gar spear, lance + le[ a]c leek. See {Gar}, n., and {Leek}.] 1. (Bot.) A plant of the genus {Allium} ({A. sativum} is the cultivated variety), having a bulbous root, a very strong smell, and an acrid,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • garlic — O.E. garleac (Mercian), garlec (W. Saxon) garlic, from gar spear (in reference to the clove), see GAR (Cf. gar) + leac leek (see LEEK (Cf. leek)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • garlic — garlic. См. луки. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • garlic — ► NOUN ▪ the strong smelling pungent tasting bulb of a plant of the onion family, used as a flavouring in cookery. DERIVATIVES garlicky adjective. ORIGIN Old English, from g r «spear» (because the shape of a clove resembles the head of a spear) + …   English terms dictionary

  • garlic — [gär′lik] n. [ME garlek < OE garleac < gar, a spear (see GORE3) + leac, LEEK: from the spearlike leaves] 1. a bulbous herb (Allium sativum) of the lily family 2. the strong smelling bulb of this plant, made up of small sections called… …   English World dictionary

  • Garlic — For other uses, see Garlic (disambiguation). Garlic Allium sativum, known as garlic, from William Woodville, Medical Botany, 1793. Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • garlic — n. 1) a clove of garlic 2) a whiff of garlic * * * [ gɑːlɪk] a clove of garlic a whiff of garlic …   Combinatory dictionary

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