Garcilaso de la Vega
- /gahr'seuh lah"soh deuh leuh vay"geuh/; Sp. /gahrdd'thee lah"saw dhe lah ve"gah, gahrdd'see-/1. 1503?-36, Spanish poet.2. ("el Inca") 1539?-1616, Peruvian historian and author in Spain.
* * *known as El Incadied April 24, 1616, Córdoba, SpainOne of the great Spanish chroniclers of the 16th century.Garcilaso was the illegitimate son of a conquistador and an Inca noblewoman. Raised in his father's household on a vast estate in Peru, he absorbed the traditions of both cultures. After going to Spain in 1560, he served as captain in the Spanish army against the Moors, and then he entered the priesthood. He is best known for La Florida del Ynca (an account of Hernando de Soto's expeditions north of Mexico) and his history of Peru. He was related to his namesake, the Spanish Golden Age poet Garcilaso de la Vega (b. 1503, Toledo, Spaind. Oct. 14, 1536, Nice, duchy of Savoy).
* * *▪ Spanish chronicleralso called El Incaborn April 12, 1539, Cuzco, Perudied April 24, 1616, Córdoba, Spainone of the great Spanish chroniclers of the 16th century, noted as the author of distinguished works on the history of the Indians in South America and the expeditions of the Spanish conquistadors.Garcilaso was the illegitimate son of a Spanish conquistador, Sebastian Garcilaso de la Vega, and an Inca Indian princess. Raised in his father's household in Peru, he absorbed both the traditions of the Incas and the stories told by his father's Spanish associates. He learned Spanish and Latin and was an eyewitness to the civil wars then raging in Peru, which he later recorded in his chronicles.A highly intelligent youth, he was used by his father as a scribe and agent to govern his vast estates in Peru. In the fall of 1560 he arrived in Spain and came under the protection of his father's brother. In the 1560s he served in the Spanish armies, in which he reached the rank of captain. Later he entered the priesthood, becoming a minor ecclesiastic in 1597.Garcilaso's literary career started with his translation into Spanish of the Italian Neoplatonic dialogue, Dialoghi di amore (“Dialogues of Love”), by the Jewish humanist Léon Hebreo, which was published in 1588. Garcilaso is best known for La Florida del Ynca (an account of Hernando de Soto's expeditions north of Mexico) and his history of Peru, describing the civil wars that broke out among the Spanish conquerors of Peru (Part I, 1608/09; Part II, 1617). Garcilaso's writing places him within the currents of Spanish Renaissance literature, but he should not be confused with the great early 16th-century poet (Garcilaso de la Vega) of the same name, to whom he was related.▪ Spanish poetborn 1503, Toledo, Spaindied Oct. 14, 1536, Nice, duchy of Savoy [now in France]the first major poet in the Golden Age of Spanish literature (c. 1500–1650).Garcilaso was born into an aristocratic family that had been prominent in Spanish letters and politics for several centuries. Entering court life at an early age, he distinguished himself as a soldier, serving Emperor Charles V in Rhodes, Tunis, and Pavia. After a brief imprisonment in 1532 for conspiring to marry his brother's son to a prominent lady-in-waiting against the emperor's wishes, he was released into the service of the viceroy, the Marqués de Villafranca. Serving under the viceroy in southern France, he was mortally wounded in an assault on a fortified position and died several days later.After writing poetry in rather conventional Spanish metres for a short period, Garcilaso had become acquainted with the poet Juan Boscán Almogáver (Boscán, Juan), who quickly introduced him to Italianate metres, to the use of which he was further attracted by his close study of such Italian Renaissance poets as Petrarch, Giovanni Boccaccio, and Jacopo Sannazzaro. Garcilaso was a consummate craftsman, and he transformed the Italianate metres into Spanish verse of high lyric quality. His most important innovations in this regard were the verse stanzas of the silva and liva (both using combinations of 7- and 11-syllable lines), which allowed him a new concern with the analytical expression of thought and emotion. Garcilaso's major theme is the melancholy laments and misfortunes of romantic love as conventionally portrayed in pastoral poetry. He continually rewrote and polished his poetry, lifting his work high above that of his contemporaries and profoundly influencing the development of Spanish verse.Garcilaso's small body of work—38 sonnets, 5 canciones, 3 eclogues, 2 elegies, 1 epistle, and 8 coplas (songs)—was published with that of Boscán, by the latter's widow, in 1543. These works were soon accepted as classics and largely determined the course of lyric poetry throughout Spain's Golden Age.
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Garcilaso de la Vega — «Garcilaso» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Garcilaso (desambiguación). Para el escritor peruano véase Inca Garcilaso de la Vega. Posible retrato de Garcilaso de la Vega, por Jacopo Carrucci Pontormo (Galería de pintura de Kassel).[1 … Wikipedia Español
Garcilaso de la Vega II — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Esta página ha sido borrada. El registro de borrado y traslados de la página se proveen debajo para más detalle. 05:21 23 nov 2009 Antur (discusión | contribuciones) borró «Garcilaso de la Vega II» (borrado rápido… … Wikipedia Español
Garcilaso de la Vega — (* 1503 in Toledo; † 14. Oktober 1536 in Nizza, Frankreich) war ein spanischer Feldherr und Dichter (unter dem „Pseudonym“ Garcilaso Vega). Garcilaso de la Vega wurde als Sohn von Ìñigo López de Mendoza, Marquis von Santillana und Fernán Pérez de … Deutsch Wikipedia
GARCILASO DE LA VEGA — Par un ensemble de circonstances historiques, sociales et aussi familiales, le Castillan de pure race qu’était Garcilaso de La Vega devait incarner de la façon la plus parfaite un idéal humain dont le modèle était italien. Parachevant la… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Garcilaso De La Vega — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Garcilaso de la Vega est le nom d une famille de la noblesse d Extrémadure Garcilaso de la Vega est un poète du Siècle d or espagnol. Inca Garcilaso de la … Wikipédia en Français
Garcilaso de la Vega — (Toledo, ¿1501/1503? Le Muy, Francia, 1536). Poeta y militar del Siglo de Oro, considerado uno de los escritores españoles más grandes de la historia. * * * ► (1501? 36) Poeta español. Sus mejores versos están dedicados al desengaño sufrido a… … Enciclopedia Universal
Garcilaso de la Vega — Garcilaso de la Vega, s. Vega … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Garcilaso de la Vega — (spr. gardsilāßo de la wēga), 1) einer der größten span. Dichter, geb. 1503 in Toledo, gest. 14. Okt. 1536, kam schon früh an den Hof Kaiser Karls V., wo er 1526 durch Boscan (s.d.) und Navagiero zum tiefern Studium der Alten und der Italiener… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Garcilaso de la Vega — For the Peruvian writer, Garcilaso de la Vega, see Inca Garcilaso de la Vega Garcilaso de la Vega (c. 1501–;October 14 1536), was a Spanish soldier and poet. The prototypical Renaissance man, he was the most influential (though not the first or… … Wikipedia
Garcilaso de la Vega — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Garcilaso de la Vega est le nom d une famille de la noblesse d Estrémadure Garcilaso de la Vega est un poète du Siècle d or espagnol. Inca Garcilaso de la … Wikipédia en Français