gamboge

gambogian, adj.
/gam bohj", -boohzh"/, n.
1. Also, cambogia. a gum resin from various Asian trees of the genus Garcinia, esp. G. hanburyi, used as a yellow pigment and as a cathartic.
2. yellow or yellow-orange.
[1625-35; < NL gambog- (s. of gambogium), var. of cambog-, after CAMBODIA]

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also spelled  camboge 

      hard, brittle gum resin that is obtained from various Southeast Asian trees of the genus Garcinia and is used as a colour vehicle and in medicine. Gamboge is orange to brown in colour and when powdered turns bright yellow. Artists use it as a pigment and as a colouring matter for varnishes. In medicine and veterinary medicine it is a drastic cathartic. On the skin it has a severe irritant effect. Gamboge was probably brought into Europe from the East at the close of the 16th century.

      Gamboge is obtained principally from G. xanthochymus, G. hanburyi, and other species, which are dioecious trees with leathery, laurel-like leaves, small white or yellow flowers, and usually few-seeded fruits. The tree's juice in its hardened form constitutes gamboge. The juice is contained in ducts in the middle layer of the bark and is procured by making incisions in the bark and then collecting the juice as it exudes.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gamboge — (pronounced /ɡæmˈboʊʒ/ gam bozh, /ɡæmˈboʊdʒ/ gam bohj or /ɡæmˈbuːʒ/ gam boozh)[1] is a partially transparent dark mustard yellow pigment.[Note 1] Gamboge is most often extracted by tapping resin from various species of evergreen trees of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Gamboge — Gam*boge , n. A concrete juice, or gum resin, produced by several species of trees in Siam, Ceylon, and Malabar. It is brought in masses, or cylindrical rolls, from Cambodia, or Cambogia, whence its name. The best kind is of a dense, compact… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gamboge — [gam′bōj′, gam′bo͞oj′, gambo͞ozh′] n. [ModL gambogium, after CAMBODIA, where first obtained] a gum resin obtained from a tropical Asian tree (Garcinia hanburyi) of the Saint John s wort family, used as a yellow pigment and as a cathartic …   English World dictionary

  • Gamboge — Gummigutta (auch Gamboge, Gummigutt, Gutti, lat. gummiresina guttae, trivial Kaisergelb) bezeichnet ein Gummiharz und den daraus gewonnenen dunkelsenfgelben Pflanzenfarbstoff. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Gewinnung 3 Eigenschaften 4 Verwendung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gamboge — dažinė garcinija statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Kliuzijinių šeimos dažinis, kaučiukinis, vaistinis augalas (Garcinia hanburyi), paplitęs atogrąžų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Garcinia hanburyi angl. gamboge; Siam gamboge vok. Gummi gutti… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • gamboge — 1. noun a) A tree found in Cambodia. b) Resin of the gamboge tree. Syn: cambogia 2. adjective Of a deep yellow colour …   Wiktionary

  • gamboge — gumigutas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Garcinia genties medžių sutirštėjusios sultys. atitikmenys: angl. gamboge rus. гуммигут …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • gamboge — noun Etymology: New Latin gambogium, alteration of cambugium, from or akin to Portuguese Camboja Cambodia Date: 1712 1. an orange to brown gum resin from southeast Asian trees (genus Garcinia) of the Saint John s wort family that is used as a… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Gamboge — Гуммигут …   Краткий толковый словарь по полиграфии

  • gamboge — gam·boge gam bōj, büzh n an orange to brown gum resin from southeast Asian trees (genus Garcinia of the family Guttiferae) that is used as a yellow pigment and cathartic called also cambogia …   Medical dictionary

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