Galati

/gah lahts", -lah"tsee/, n.
a port in E Rumania, on the Danube River. 252,884. Also, Galatz /gah lahts"/.

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      city, capital of Galaţi judeţ (county), southeastern Romania. An inland port about 120 miles (190 km) northeast of Bucharest, it is situated on an eminence among the marshes at the confluence of the Danube and Siret rivers, on the southwestern shore of Lake Brateş.

      By the beginning of the 15th century a fishing village, referred to as “the village of Galaţi,” was documented; a century later, there was a reference to Schela Galaţi (schela being an old word for the place where ships are moored for loading and unloading). The port was important for the Turks, who occupied it from the early 16th century until 1829. Its rapid 19th-century development was stimulated by the adoption of free-port status from 1837 to 1883. Owing to the intensive rebuilding effort since World War II, Galaţi has large areas of modern buildings.

      Galaţi is a centre of culture. The University of Galaţi was founded in 1948. The city has theatres, as well as museums of modern art, history, and natural science. Among historic buildings is the fortified Precista Church (15th century).

      The city is one of the chief ports for Romanian imports and the leading exporter of timber. The country's largest shipyard is at Galaţi. Industries include metalworking and the production of chemicals, textiles, building materials, and foodstuffs. In the 1970s Romania's largest ironworks and steelworks were completed there. Pop. (2007 est.) 293,523.

      judeţ (county), eastern Romania, bounded on the east by Moldova. The county is bordered in the east by the Prut River and in the south and west by the Siret River, both of which drain southeastward. Amid the lowlands and rolling hills lies Lake Brateş, Romania's largest freshwater lake, near Galaţi city, the county capital. Machinery, iron products, textiles, and canned goods are produced in Galaţi and Tecuci. Galaţi city is Romania's leading producer of ships. Timber industries operate in Comeşti and Ghidigeni. Livestock raising and cereal growing are the major agricultural activities. An agricultural school and a museum of history and science are found in Tecuci. Remains of a 6th–5th-century-BC settlement and a Roman fortress are situated in Barboşi village. Carpina and Ghimia villages are fishing resorts beside Lake Brateş. Galaţi has a university. Galaţi, Tecuci, and Târgu Bujor are centres for highway and railroad connections. Area 1,724 square miles (4,466 square km). Pop. (2007 est.) 614,449.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Galati — ville et port de Roumanie orientale, sur le Danube (r. g.), au confluent du Siret et du Prout; 324 000 hab.; ch. l. du district du m. nom. Centre sidérurgique, constructions navales …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Galaţi — [ga läts′] city in E Romania, on the Danube: pop. 324,000 …   English World dictionary

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