Gaius

/gay"euhs/, n.
1. A.D. c110-c180, Roman jurist and writer, esp. on civil law.
2. Caius.

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(as used in expressions)
Gaius Caesar Germanicus
Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus
Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus
Gaius Sallustius Crispus
Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus
Caesar Gaius Julius
Cassius Longinus Gaius
Catullus Gaius Valerius
Decius Gaius Messius Quintus Trajanus
Flaminius Gaius
Gracchus Gaius Sempronius
Maecenas Gaius Cilnius
Marius Gaius
Petronius Arbiter Gaius
Gaius Plinius Secundus
Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus
Verres Gaius
Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus
Gaius Octavius

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▪ Roman jurist
also spelled  Caius 
flourished AD 130–180

      Roman jurist whose writings became authoritative in the late Roman Empire. The Law of Citations (426), issued by the eastern Roman emperor Theodosius II, named Gaius one of five jurists (the others were Papinian, Ulpian, Modestinus, and Paulus) whose doctrines were to be followed by judges in deciding cases. The Institutiones (“Institutes”) of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I (reigned 527–565), which were intended to supersede Gaius's treatise of the same name, were modeled on the older work in style and content, and numerous passages were copied verbatim.

      Gaius's full name and most of his personal history are unknown. Besides the Institutiones, he wrote a commentary on the Law of the Twelve Tables (Twelve Tables, Law of the) (laws said to have been enacted about 450 BC, under the Roman monarchy), a treatise on the edicts of Roman magistrates, and several other works. His writings show an interest in legal history, Greek philosophy, and the classification of laws.

      The Institutiones of Gaius, written about AD 161, comprise four books. The first concerns the legal status of persons; the second and third, property rights, including inheritance; and the fourth, forms of legal actions. The text was lost until 1816, when a manuscript, probably of the 5th century, was discovered at Verona, Italy. It was deciphered with great difficulty, because writings of St. Jerome (Jerome, Saint) had been superimposed on Gaius's words. It is the only classical law book to have survived nearly complete and unchanged during the time of Justinian.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gaius — Gaius, alternately spelled Caius, was a common Roman praenomen. It is abbreviated C.; the abbreviation goes back to before the Roman alphabet distinguished between C and G.In classical times, the name was pronounced in three syllables, Gāius… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaius — (auch Caius, griechisch Γάιος Gaios; neuzeitlich auch Gajus oder Cajus) war ein weit verbreiteter römischer Vorname. Nach dem Liber de praenominibus („Über die Vornamen“), einem anonymen Anhang zu den Factorum et dictorum memorabilium des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gaïus — Gaius Pour les articles homonymes, voir Caius pour les différentes personnes de la Rome antique partageant ce prénom ou ce nom. Gaïus était un juriste du IIe siècle, auteur, notamment, des Institutes. On connaissait déjà Gaïus au Moyen Âge… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GAIUS — Sextus Hierosolymorum Ep. A. C. 155. Item 26. Rom. Ep. A. C. 215. post Eutychianum. Ei successit Marcellmus. Vide Caius …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Gaius — [gā′əs, gī′əs] A.D. 110? 180?; Rom. jurist …   English World dictionary

  • Gaius — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Caius pour les différentes personnes de la Rome antique partageant ce prénom ou ce nom. Gaïus était un juriste du IIe siècle, auteur, notamment, des Institutes …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gaius — (as used in expressions) Gaius Octavius Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Gaius Caesar (Germanicus) Gaius Julius Caesar Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus Gaius Plinius Secundus… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gaius —    1) A Macedonian, Paul s fellow traveller, and his host at Corinth when he wrote his Epistle to the Romans (16:23). He with his household were baptized by Paul (1 Cor. 1:14). During a heathen outbreak against Paul at Ephesus the mob seized… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Gaius — I Gaius,   Gajus, Caius, Abkürzung C oder C., altrömischer Vorname. II Gaius,   römischer Jurist der zweiten Hälfte des 2. Jahrhunderts …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gaius — The name of several men who have minor roles in the NT. 1) A native of Derbe who accompanied Paul to Jerusalem (Acts 20:4 f.). 2) One of the few persons baptized by Paul at Corinth (1 Cor. 1:14). 3) The recipient of 3 John. Gaius was also the… …   Dictionary of the Bible

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