- /gay"euhs/, n.1. A.D. c110-c180, Roman jurist and writer, esp. on civil law.2. Caius.
* * *(as used in expressions)Gaius Caesar GermanicusGaius Aurelius Valerius DiocletianusGaius Galerius Valerius MaximianusGaius Sallustius CrispusGaius Suetonius TranquillusCaesar Gaius JuliusCassius Longinus GaiusCatullus Gaius ValeriusDecius Gaius Messius Quintus TrajanusFlaminius GaiusGracchus Gaius SemproniusMaecenas Gaius CilniusMarius GaiusPetronius Arbiter GaiusGaius Plinius SecundusGaius Plinius Caecilius SecundusVerres GaiusGaius Julius Caesar OctavianusGaius Octavius
* * *▪ Roman juristalso spelled Caiusflourished AD 130–180Roman jurist whose writings became authoritative in the late Roman Empire. The Law of Citations (426), issued by the eastern Roman emperor Theodosius II, named Gaius one of five jurists (the others were Papinian, Ulpian, Modestinus, and Paulus) whose doctrines were to be followed by judges in deciding cases. The Institutiones (“Institutes”) of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I (reigned 527–565), which were intended to supersede Gaius's treatise of the same name, were modeled on the older work in style and content, and numerous passages were copied verbatim.Gaius's full name and most of his personal history are unknown. Besides the Institutiones, he wrote a commentary on the Law of the Twelve Tables (Twelve Tables, Law of the) (laws said to have been enacted about 450 BC, under the Roman monarchy), a treatise on the edicts of Roman magistrates, and several other works. His writings show an interest in legal history, Greek philosophy, and the classification of laws.The Institutiones of Gaius, written about AD 161, comprise four books. The first concerns the legal status of persons; the second and third, property rights, including inheritance; and the fourth, forms of legal actions. The text was lost until 1816, when a manuscript, probably of the 5th century, was discovered at Verona, Italy. It was deciphered with great difficulty, because writings of St. Jerome (Jerome, Saint) had been superimposed on Gaius's words. It is the only classical law book to have survived nearly complete and unchanged during the time of Justinian.
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Gaius — Gaius, alternately spelled Caius, was a common Roman praenomen. It is abbreviated C.; the abbreviation goes back to before the Roman alphabet distinguished between C and G.In classical times, the name was pronounced in three syllables, Gāius… … Wikipedia
Gaius — (auch Caius, griechisch Γάιος Gaios; neuzeitlich auch Gajus oder Cajus) war ein weit verbreiteter römischer Vorname. Nach dem Liber de praenominibus („Über die Vornamen“), einem anonymen Anhang zu den Factorum et dictorum memorabilium des… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gaïus — Gaius Pour les articles homonymes, voir Caius pour les différentes personnes de la Rome antique partageant ce prénom ou ce nom. Gaïus était un juriste du IIe siècle, auteur, notamment, des Institutes. On connaissait déjà Gaïus au Moyen Âge… … Wikipédia en Français
GAIUS — Sextus Hierosolymorum Ep. A. C. 155. Item 26. Rom. Ep. A. C. 215. post Eutychianum. Ei successit Marcellmus. Vide Caius … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Gaius — [gā′əs, gī′əs] A.D. 110? 180?; Rom. jurist … English World dictionary
Gaius — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Caius pour les différentes personnes de la Rome antique partageant ce prénom ou ce nom. Gaïus était un juriste du IIe siècle, auteur, notamment, des Institutes … Wikipédia en Français
Gaius — (as used in expressions) Gaius Octavius Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus Gaius Caesar (Germanicus) Gaius Julius Caesar Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus Gaius Plinius Secundus… … Enciclopedia Universal
Gaius — 1) A Macedonian, Paul s fellow traveller, and his host at Corinth when he wrote his Epistle to the Romans (16:23). He with his household were baptized by Paul (1 Cor. 1:14). During a heathen outbreak against Paul at Ephesus the mob seized… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Gaius — I Gaius, Gajus, Caius, Abkürzung C oder C., altrömischer Vorname. II Gaius, römischer Jurist der zweiten Hälfte des 2. Jahrhunderts … Universal-Lexikon
Gaius — The name of several men who have minor roles in the NT. 1) A native of Derbe who accompanied Paul to Jerusalem (Acts 20:4 f.). 2) One of the few persons baptized by Paul at Corinth (1 Cor. 1:14). 3) The recipient of 3 John. Gaius was also the… … Dictionary of the Bible