gable

gablelike, adj.
/gay"beuhl/, n. Archit.
1. the portion of the front or side of a building enclosed by or masking the end of a pitched roof.
2. a decorative member suggesting a gable, used esp. in Gothic architecture.
3. Also called gable wall. a wall bearing a gable.
[1325-75; ME < OF (of Gmc orig.); c. ON gafl; cf. OE gafol, geafel a fork]

* * *

Triangular section formed by a roof with two slopes, extending from the eaves to the ridge where the two slopes meet.

It may be miniaturized over a dormer window or entranceway. If the gable end projects above the roof level to form a parapet, the edge is often trimmed to form an ornamental silhouette (e.g., curved or stepped), as in Dutch town houses of the 16th and 17th centuries. In Asia, gables often feature projecting roof tiles and grotesque sculptures of animals at the ridge and eaves.

* * *

      triangular section of wall at the end of a pitched roof, extending from the eaves to the peak. The gables in Classical Greek temples are called pediments (pediment).

      The architectural treatment of a gable results from the effort to find an aesthetically pleasing solution to the problem of keeping water out of the intersection of walls and roof. This is accomplished either by carrying the roof out over the top of the end walls or by carrying the end walls up above the roof level and capping them with a waterproof coping. The former method is in general use in wooden and other small buildings with pitched roofs, while the latter method is used in larger and more monumental masonry structures, particularly those in the Gothic style.

      The gable at the end of a ridge-roofed structure, or gable end, usually has straight sides, follows the roof's slope, and is often bounded by the roof's overhanging eaves. If the gable end projects above the roof level to form a parapet, however, its silhouette may be one of many types—such as the crowstepped, catstepped, or corbiestepped gable—with a stepped outline. The edge of such a parapet is often trimmed to form an ornamental silhouette. In northern and western Europe, where roofs of steep pitch are common, gables were often richly decorated with steplike or curved forms and were further ornamented with urns, statues, obelisks, and scrolls. Among the earliest and most elaborate examples of buildings with parapet gables are the late medieval Dutch town houses of Amsterdam. Gables have also been important features in the traditional architecture of East Asia, where they were ornamented with projecting roof tiles, grotesque sculptures of animals at the ridge and eaves, and occasionally with surface carving.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • gâble — gâble …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • GÂBLE — Terme de charpenterie appliqué à la maçonnerie. À l’origine, «gâble» désigne le triangle formé par les deux arbalétriers d’une lucarne. Par extension, il s’applique presque exclusivement à un mur léger, généralement triangulaire, posé sur l’arc… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gable — Ga ble, n. [OE. gable, gabil, F. gable, fr. LL. gabalum front of a building, prob. of German or Scand. origin; cf. OHG. gibil, G. giebel gable, Icel. gafl, Goth. gibla pinnacle; perh. akin to Gr. ? head, and E. cephalic, or to G. gabel fork, AS.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gable — (n.) mid 14c., from O.Fr. gable facade, front, gable, from O.N. gafl gable, gable end (in north of England, the word is probably directly from Norse), probably from P.Gmc. *gablaz top of a pitched roof (Cf. M.Du. ghevel, Du. gevel, O.H.G. gibil,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gable — oder Gablé ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Christopher Gable (1940–1998), britischer Tänzer, Schauspieler, Ballettdirektor und pädagoge Clark Gable (1901–1960), US amerikanischer Schauspieler Dan Gable (* 1948), US amerikanischer Ringer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gâble — Gable Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Clark Gable, acteur de cinéma ; Le gable ou gâble, élément d architecture. Gable Blanc, ancienne commune française du Calvados, aujourd hui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gable — [gā′bəl] n. [ME < OFr < Gmc, as in ON gafl, gable, akin to Ger giebel < IE base * ghebhel , gable, head > Gr kephalē] 1. a) the triangular wall enclosed by the sloping ends of a ridged roof b) popularly the whole section, including… …   English World dictionary

  • Gable — Nom anglais d origine incertaine. On envisage parfois l ancien français gable (= intérêt, usure), surnom possible pour un usurier, mais il devrait plutôt s agir d un toponyme désignant une colline de forme triangulaire (du vieux norrois gafle,… …   Noms de famille

  • gable — ► NOUN 1) the triangular upper part of a wall at the end of a ridged roof. 2) a gable shaped canopy over a window or door. DERIVATIVES gabled adjective. ORIGIN Old Norse …   English terms dictionary

  • Gable — Ga ble, n. A cable. [Archaic] Chapman. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gable — Gable, Clark …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.