frieze

frieze1
/freez/, n.
1. Archit.
a. the part of a classical entablature between the architrave and the cornice, usually decorated with sculpture in low relief. See diag. under column.
b. any decorative band on an outside wall, broader than a stringcourse and bearing lettering, sculpture, etc.
2. any decorative band at the top or beneath the cornice of an interior wall, a piece of furniture, etc.
3. Furniture. skirt (def. 6b).
[1555-65; < MF frise, perh. < ML phrygium, frigium, frisium embroidered cloth, embroidery, L Phrygium, neut. of Phrygius Phrygian]
frieze2
/freez/, n.
a heavy, napped woolen cloth for coats.
[1350-1400; ME frise < OF; see FRIEZE1]

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Any long, narrow, horizontal panel or ornamental band used for decorative purposes around the walls of a room or exterior walls of a building.

In Greco-Roman architecture it is a horizontal band, often decorated with relief sculpture, between the architrave and cornice of a building. The most famous decorative frieze is on the outer wall of the Parthenon in Athens, a 525-ft (160-m) representation of the ritual procession of the Panathenaic festival.

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 in Greco-Roman Classical architecture, the middle of the three main divisions of an entablature (section resting on the capital). The frieze is above the architrave and below the cornice (in a position that could be quite difficult to view). The term also refers to any long, narrow, horizontal panel or band used for decorative purposes—e.g., on pottery, on the walls of a room, or on the exterior walls of buildings.

      The frieze in buildings using the classic Doric order is usually composed of alternate triglyphs (projecting rectangular blocks, each ornamented with three vertical channels) and metopes (spaces). In buildings using the Ionic, Corinthian, or Composite orders, the frieze is ornamented with relief figures, as in the treasury of the Cnidians at Delphi (early 5th century BC) or the choragic Monument of Lysicrates (Lysicrates, Monument of) at Athens (334 BC). In Roman buildings the frieze is decorated with plant motifs such as anthemions (anthemion) and acanthus foliage (acanthus) or garlands (garland). In late Roman and many Renaissance structures, the profile of the frieze is a convex curve and is known as a pulvinated frieze.

 The most famous of decorative friezes is undoubtedly that carved on the top of the outer wall of the cella of the Parthenon, just under the ceiling of the portico. This frieze, which is 40 inches (101 cm) high and 525 feet (160 metres) long, bears a representation of the ritual procession of the Panathenaic Festival and is characterized by superb rhythmic design and faultless execution. It is a perfect expression of Greek sculpture of the mid-5th century BC and is the most famous example of Classical architectural sculpture.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frieze — Frieze, n. [Perh. the same word as frieze a, kind of cloth. Cf. {Friz}.] (Arch.) (a) That part of the entablature of an order which is between the architrave and cornice. It is a flat member or face, either uniform or broken by triglyphs, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Frieze — Frieze, n. [F. frise, perh. originally a woolen cloth or stuff from Friesland (F. Frise); cf. LL. frisii panni and frissatus pannus, a shaggy woolen cloth, F. friser to friz, curl. Cf. {Friz}.] A kind of coarse woolen cloth or stuff with a shaggy …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Frieze — bezeichnet: Frieze Art Fair Frieze Teppich, eine Teppichart, die aus stark gekräuselten Garnen Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frieze — Frieze, v. t. To make a nap on (cloth); to friz. See {Friz}, v. t., 2. [1913 Webster] {Friezing machine}, a machine for friezing cloth; a friezing machine. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Frieze — A heavy woollen fabric with a rough, irregular nap, and a more or less hard feel. Originally an Irish production; generally grey in colour, and used for the lower grade clothing. Also made from a mixture of wool and shoddy or mungo. Woven 2 & 2… …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • frieze — [fri:z] n [Date: 1500 1600; : French; Origin: frise, perhaps from Latin Phrygia, ancient country in Asia whose people were famous for their skill in making things] a decoration that goes along the top of the walls of a room or a building …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • frieze — [ friz ] noun count a line of decoration around the walls of a room or building …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • frieze — sculptured horizontal band in architecture, 1560s, from M.Fr. frise, originally a ruff, from M.L. frisium embroidered border, variant of frigium, probably from L. Phrygium Phrygian, Phrygian work, from Phrygia, the ancient country in Asia Minor… …   Etymology dictionary

  • frieze — ► NOUN 1) a broad horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration. 2) Architecture the part of an entablature between the architrave and the cornice. ORIGIN Latin frisium, from Phrygium opus work of Phrygia …   English terms dictionary

  • frieze — frieze1 [frēz] n. [Fr frise < ML frisium < ? Frank * frisi, a curl, akin to OE fris, crisped, curled; ? confused in folk etym. by assoc. with ML frigium < L Phrygium, Phrygian: Phrygia was noted for embroidery in gold] 1. a decoration or …   English World dictionary

  • Frieze — In architecture the frieze is the wide central section part of an entablature and may be plain or ndash; in the Ionic or Corinthian order ndash; decorated with bas reliefs. In an astylar wall it lies upon the architrave ( main beam ) and is… …   Wikipedia

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