fricative

/frik"euh tiv/, Phonet.
adj.
1. (of a speech sound) characterized by audible friction produced by forcing the breath through a constricted or partially obstructed passage in the vocal tract; spirantal; spirant.
n.
2. Also called spirant. a fricative consonant, as /th/, /v/, or /h/.
[1855-60; FRICAT(ION) + -IVE]

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      in phonetics, a consonant sound, such as English f or v, produced by bringing the mouth into position to block the passage of the airstream, but not making complete closure, so that air moving through the mouth generates audible friction.

      Fricatives (also sometimes called “spirants”) can be produced with the same positions of the vocal organs as stops; bilabial, labiodental, dental, alveolar, palatal, velar, and uvular consonants. In addition to the f and v sounds, examples of fricatives in English are s as in “sitter,” z as in “zebra,” and the two th sounds as in “think” and “this.”

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fricative — Fric a*tive, a. [See {Frication}.] (Phon.) Produced by the friction or rustling of the breath, intonated or unintonated, through a narrow opening between two of the mouth organs; uttered through a close approach, but not with a complete closure,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fricative — ● fricative nom féminin (latin fricatum, de fricare, frotter) Synonyme de constrictive. ● fricative (synonymes) nom féminin (latin fricatum, de fricare, frotter) Synonymes : constrictive …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • fricative — [frik′ə tiv] adj. [< L fricatus, pp. of fricare (see FRIABLE) + IVE] Phonet. articulated by means of breath forced through a narrow slit formed at some point in the mouth, producing friction, as in (f, v, th, z, h) n. a fricative consonant …   English World dictionary

  • fricative — 1860 (adj.), 1863 (n.), from Mod.L. fricativus, from L. fricatus, pp. of fricare to rub …   Etymology dictionary

  • Fricative — Consonne fricative Mode d’articulation Obstruction Constrictive Occlusive Affriquée Fricative Sonante Spirante Liquide Semi voyelle Vibrante Roulée Ba …   Wikipédia en Français

  • fricative — 1. см. статью щелевой звук (щелевой, придувной, сжатый звук | constrictive | Konstriktiv, Engelaut | fricative | costrittiva) 2. см. статью фрикативный (фрикативный, щелевой, спирант | fricative | Reibelaut, Frikativa | fricative | fricativa) …   Пятиязычный словарь лингвистических терминов

  • fricative — UK [ˈfrɪkətɪv] / US noun [countable] Word forms fricative : singular fricative plural fricatives linguistics a speech sound that is made by pushing air out through a small space between your teeth and your tongue or lips, or between your tongue… …   English dictionary

  • fricative — noun Etymology: Latin fricatus, past participle of fricare Date: 1863 a consonant characterized by frictional passage of the expired breath through a narrowing at some point in the vocal tract • fricative adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • fricative — 1. noun Any of several sounds produced by air flowing through a constriction in the oral cavity and typically producing a sibilant, hissing, or buzzing quality; a fricative consonant. English F and S are fricatives. Syn: spirant 2 …   Wiktionary

  • fricative — fric•a•tive [[t]ˈfrɪk ə tɪv[/t]] n. 1) phn a consonant sound, as (th), (v), or (h), characterized by audible friction produced by forcing the breath through a constricted or partially obstructed passage in the vocal tract 2) phn of or pertaining… …   From formal English to slang

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