freezing

freezingly, adv.
/free"zing/, adj.
1. (of temperatures) approaching, at, or below the freezing point.
2. extremely or uncomfortably cold; chilled: We were both freezing and welcomed the hot cocoa.
3. beginning to freeze or partially frozen; in the process of being or becoming frozen.
[1605-15; FREEZE + -ING2]

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Method of food preservation in which low temperatures (0 °F [-18 °C] or lower) inhibit the growth of microorganisms.

Used for centuries in cold regions, it was not until the advent of mechanical refrigeration in the mid 19th century that the process became widely applicable commercially. In the 20th century, quick (or flash) freezing was developed by Clarence Birdseye. Except for beef and venison, which benefit from an aging process, meat is frozen as promptly as possible after slaughter. Fruits and vegetables are often frozen in a syrup or vacuum-sealed to exclude air and prevent oxidation and desiccation.

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      in food processing, method of preserving food by lowering the temperature to inhibit microorganism growth. The method has been used for centuries in cold regions, and a patent was issued in Britain as early as 1842 for freezing food by immersion in an ice and salt brine. It was not, however, until the advent of mechanical refrigeration that the process became widely applicable commercially. In 1880 a cargo of meat (meat processing) shipped from Australia to Britain under refrigeration accidentally froze, with such good results that the process was at once adopted for long-distance shipments and other storage. In the 20th century quick, or flash, freezing was found to be especially effective with certain types of food.

      Except for beef and venison, which benefit from an aging process, meat is frozen as promptly as possible after slaughter, with best results at temperatures of 0° F (-18° C) or lower. Fruits are frozen in a syrup or dry-sugar pack to exclude air and prevent both oxidation and dessication.

      Most commercial freezing is done either in cold air kept in motion by fans (blast freezing) or by placing the foodstuffs in packages or metal trays on refrigerated surfaces (contact freezing).

      For freeze-drying, see dehydration.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Freezing — Freez ing, a. Tending to freeze; for freezing; hence, cold or distant in manner. {Frrez ing*ly}, adv. [1913 Webster] {Freezing machine}. See {Ice machine}, under {Ice}. {Freezing mixture}, a mixture (of salt and snow or of chemical salts) for… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Freezing — Originaltitel フリージング Transkription Furījingu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • freezing — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having a temperature below 0°C. 2) informal very cold. 3) (of fog or rain) consisting of droplets which freeze rapidly on contact with a surface. ► NOUN ▪ the freezing point of water (0°C) …   English terms dictionary

  • freezing — adj *cold, frigid, frosty, gelid, icy, glacial, arctic, chilly, cool …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • freezing — [adj] very cold arctic, biting, bitter, chill, chilled, chilly, cutting, frigid, frost bound, frosty, gelid, glacial, hawkish, icy, nippy, numbing, one dog night*, penetrating, polar, raw, shivery, Siberian*, snappy*, two dog night*, wintry;… …   New thesaurus

  • Freezing — For freezing as a method of food preservation, see frozen food. For a TV series of the same name, see Freezing (TV series). For freezing in terms of computers, see hang (computing) In physics and chemistry, freezing is the process whereby a… …   Wikipedia

  • freezing — {{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}} noun VERB + FREEZING ▪ reach FREEZING + NOUN ▪ point PREPOSITION ▪ above freezing ▪ …   Collocations dictionary

  • freezing — [[t]fri͟ːzɪŋ[/t]] 1) ADJ (emphasis) If you say that something is freezing or freezing cold, you are emphasizing that it is very cold. The cinema was freezing. ...a freezing January afternoon. 2) ADJ: v link ADJ (emphasis) If you say that you are… …   English dictionary

  • freezing — Synonyms and related words: Siberian, adiabatic absorption, adiabatic demagnetization, adiabatic expansion, air conditioning, air cooling, algid, algific, anhydration, arctic, below zero, biting, bitter, bitterly cold, blast freezing, blast… …   Moby Thesaurus

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