- /frang"koh prush"euhn/the war between France and Prussia, 1870-71.
* * *(1870–71) War in which a coalition of German states led by Prussia defeated France, ending French hegemony in continental Europe and creating a unified Germany.The immediate cause was the candidacy of Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen for the Spanish throne, which raised the possibility of a combination of Prussia and Spain against France. Following diplomatic maneuvers to block Leopold's candidacy, the Prussian chancellor Otto von Bismarck published the Ems Telegram to provoke the French government into declaring war, which it did. The other German states sided with Prussia, and German troops under Gen. Helmuth von Moltke, superior in numbers and organization, scored repeated victories. After Napoleon III surrendered at the Battle of Sedan, French resistance was carried on by a new government, which deposed the emperor and established the Third Republic. Paris surrendered, but while treaty negotiations were going on, an insurrection by radicals in Paris created a short-lived government, the Paris Commune. After its suppression, a harsh peace treaty was implemented: Germany annexed Alsace and half of Lorraine, and France was occupied until a large indemnity was paid. The German empire was established when William I of Prussia was proclaimed German emperor in 1871. The peace was an unstable one, marked by France's determination to recover Alsace-Lorraine and Germany's mounting imperialism, led by Prussian militarism. Their mutual animosity was a driving force that led to World War I.
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Franco-Prussian War — [fraŋ′kō prush′ən] n. a war (1870 71) in which Prussia defeated France … English World dictionary
Franco-Prussian War — Infobox Military Conflict caption=Pierre Georges Jeanniot s La ligne de feu (1886), depicting the Battle of Mars La Tour partof=the wars of German unification conflict=Franco Prussian War date=19 July 1870 – 10 May 1871 place=France and Prussia… … Wikipedia
Franco-Prussian War — (1870–1871) The final and most significant of the wars of German unification, the Franco Prussian War lasted from July 19, 1870, to May 10, 1871. It pitted France against Prussia and its allies, which included the states of the North German… … Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914
Franco-Prussian War — The underlying causes for this war (1870 71), lost by France to the German states under the leadership of Prussia, was the determination of the Prussian statesman Otto von Bismarck to unify Germany under Prussian control (and also to eliminate … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Franco-Prussian War — Fran′co Prus′sian War′ [[t]ˈfræŋ koʊ ˈprʌʃ ən[/t]] n. why the war between France and Prussia, 1870–71 … From formal English to slang
Franco-Prussian War — noun a war between France and Prussia that ended the Second Empire in France and led to the founding of modern Germany; 1870 1871 • Instance Hypernyms: ↑war, ↑warfare … Useful english dictionary
Franco-Prussian War — /ˌfræŋkoʊ prʌʃən ˈwɔ/ (say .frangkoh prushuhn waw) noun a war (1870–71) between France and Prussia, resulting in the ceding of Alsace and eastern Lorraine to Prussia … Australian English dictionary
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Causes of the Franco-Prussian War — The causes of the Franco Prussian War are deeply rooted in the events surrounding balance of power after the Napoleonic Wars. France and Prussia had been combatants against each other, with France on the losing side and Napoleon I exiled to Elba … Wikipedia
Franco-German War — ▪ European history also called Franco Prussian War (July 19, 1870–May 10, 1871), war in which a coalition of German states led by Prussia defeated France. The war marked the end of French hegemony in continental Europe and resulted in the… … Universalium